Solomon Osborne and James Phipps in Russell County, Virginia

The Osborne family was very closely associated with the Phips or Phipps family in, at least, Ashe County, North Carolina. A book titled Descendants of Caleb & James Osborne & Patrick Cragun, by Hone (2013) includes references to a Solomon Osborne who lived in nearby Russell County, Virginia, where he bought land in 1812.

The book refers to what appears to be a deed abstract from when Osborne bought the property. Since James Phipps signed the deed, it sounds as though Osborne bought the land from him. The land was adjacent to land belonging to James Phipps.

Benjamin and John Phipps: An 1821 Brunswick County, Virginia Deed

The following is another “tripartite” deed from Brunswick County, Virginia, this one dated 1821. Thanks to the webmaster of the “A Witcher Genealogy” website for locating and sending a copy. The deed concerns a debt, and involves both Benjamin Phipps and John Phipps.

In the record, Lucy Jackson, along with Charles Merritt and his wife Fortune, were indebted to the “said Phipps.” The record does not appear to make it clear whether the “said” Phipps was John or Benjamin.

Land, livestock, and personal property were willed to John Phipps, but the transaction would be rendered null and void if the money would be paid by a certain date to Benjamin Phipps and John P. Malone. Various other individuals were involved as well, as named in the document.

As discussed in other posts, it would appear that the “Wyche” family associated with the document were likely the same as the “Witcher” family. They were associated with the Phipps family which became more generally represented as “Fips” or “Phips” once both families migrated west from Brunswick County.

We’ve already posted a similar document, also termed “tripartite,” dated 1822. In that one, land ownership would be transferred unless money was paid to Benjamin Phipps by a certain date.

That document involved the same John P. Malone who is mentioned in the present deed. He appears in various Brunswick County, Virginia documents, and it appears that he was likely the same person of that name who later surfaces in Limestone County, Alabama. There he is described as a large planter and a veteran of the War of 1812.

Another person named in the present document is Lucy Jackson. A Lucy Jackson appears in a Brunswick County deed much earlier, 1742, which was witnessed by Edward and Jesse Tatum. We’ve noted Tatum connections very recently, including specifically Jesse Tatum.

Fortune Merritt, wife of Charles Merritt, is presumably the person listed as Fortune Marriott in an 1813 Brunswick County personal property tax list.

Thomas Delbridge, also prominent in the document, is said to have married a Woolsey, Sally Woolsey, as his second wife. We’ve noted Woolsey associations in other posts. Joseph Phipps, who died about 1809 in Brunswick County, had a daughter Mary who married a Woolsey. Joseph was the bondsman when Abner Woolsey married in 1795.

In fact, Joseph’s sons Benjamin and John would presumably be the Benjamin and John Phipps of the present document. For more on that, see Mrs. Howard (Audrey) Woodruff, The Descendants of Joseph Phipps of Brunswick County, Virginia (1735-1809), Kansas City, Missouri: Self-published, 1972, p. 3. A digital copy can be accessed in Family Search.

[p. 514] . . .

[in margin:]

Jackson &c
to Phipps &c

[body of text:]

This Indenture Tripartite made and entered into this Seventh day of March Eighteen hundred and twenty one, Between Lucy Jackson Charles Merritt [the T’s do not appear to be crossed, but are later in the document] and Fortune his wife of the first part Benjamin Phipps and John P Malone of the second part and John Phipps of the third part all of the County of Brunswick & State of Virginia Witnesseth that whereas the said Jacksons & Merritts [looks like “Merrills”] are justly indebted to the said Phipps in the sum of One hundred & eighty seven dollars sixty nine cents as will appear by their joint bond bearing [? (looks like “even”)] date with these presents and the said Charles Merritt [earlier appeared as Merrill, but now appears to have crossed T’s] is also justly indebted to the said Malone in the sum of One hundred & fifty one Dollars as will appear by his bond or note bearing date first day of May 1807 subject to Certain Credits endorsed on the bond. And the said Jackson and Merritt [looks like “Merill”] being willing & desirous of securing the payment of the said several debts have for that purpose and for the further Consideration of one Dollar by the said John Phipps to them the said Lucy & Charles in hand paid before the [?]ling & delivery of these presents the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged they the said Lucy Jackson Charles Merritt and Fortune his wife have granted bargained and sold and by these presents do grant bargain [?] alien make over & Confirm unto the said John Phipps One certain tract or parcel of land lying & being situate in the said County of Brunswick and bounded by the lands & lines of Howell Allen thomas Delbridge [or Dolbridge?] John Robinson or Betsey [or Bolsey?] Harrison and then a new line to be run between said Dolbrididge [or Delbridge?] & Merritt Containing by estimation Eighty [six?] acres the the [sic; word repeated] same more or less the same tract or parcel of land on which the said Jackson & Merritts at present reside and also the following personal property To wit, twenty head of hogs One horse five head of Cattle, horse Cart, & wheels, all the plantation Tools house hold & kitchen furniture, To have and to hold the said described land & its appurtenances with the reversion or reversions remainder & remainders Yearly & other rents [issues?] & profits thereof & also the above mentioned personal Estate & its increase to him the said John Phipps his heirs or assigns. And the said Lucy Jackson Charles Merritt [or Merrill] and Fortune his Wife for themselves [? (this? or their?)] & [such?] of [their heirs?] do by these presents further Covenant & agree that they forever will [covenant?] and defend the legal & equitable right [title?] [?] & possession to of & in all the above described property [?] real & personal to him the said John Phipps his heirs & assigns, In Trust [a couple lines of text which are not readable in the microfilm copy]

[p. 515:]

that if the said Jackson and Merritt or either of them on or before the first day of January Eighteen hundred & Twenty Two pay to the said Benjamin Phipps and John P Malone their heirs or assigns the Debts above described as belonging to them respectively that then & in that Case this Deed shall [cease?] determine [sic] and be to all intents & for every purpose utterly null & Void as if the same had never been Executed & entered into, But should it so happen that the said Jackson & Merritt should fail to pay & discharge the said Debts & Interest accruing thereon before the said first day of January Eighteen hundred and twenty two then & in that Case it shall & may be lawful for the said John Phipps his heirs Exors. [i.e. executors] or admrs. [i.e. administrators] and he or they are hereby empowered & required to advertise at four of the most public & Convenient places (to the above described land) at least twenty days before the sale, all the property above Conveyed both real & personal and in the premises on the day as above Stated to be advertised [as?] sale day [proceed?] to sell to the highest bidder for Cash all the aforesaid property or so much thereof as shall be of Value sufficient to pay the said Debt Interest & Cost of this Indenture and of the said Sale or whatever balance thereof may then be due Commencing by selling the personal property first. And out of the proceeds of such sale proceed in the first place to pay the expences of the sale and Costs of this Indenture in the second place whatever of principle and Interest may be then due on the land to Benjamin Phipps; in the third place whatever principle & Interest may be due on the land or note to John P Malone, And the balance of the property remaining unsold if any or the surplus of the sale of any [recovery?] or pay over to the said Lucy Jackson and Charles Merritt [or Merrill?] or to their heirs Exors. Admrs. or assigns. In witness whereof they the said Lucy Jackson Charles Merritt & Fortune his wife Benjamin Phipps & John P Malone and John Phipps have hereunto set their hands & affixed their seals the day and Year first above Written.

Lucy her X mark Jackson (seal)
Charles X Merrill [no crossing evident] (seal)
Benja. [with superscripted “a” indicating abbreviation] Phipps (seal)
John P Malone (seal)
John Phipps (seal)

Signed Sealed acknowledged & delivered before [signed:]
John Wyche as to J. P. M. [i.e. John P. Malone] & L Jackson B. Phipps & C[?]
R H H Walton as to [Jos?] Polk
Thomas Delbridge (as B Phipps L Jackson & C[?]
Howell his X mark Allen as to Do.
Sally [M?] Delbridge as to Do.

Wyche & Malone for Malone Bond before & within described is entitled to a Credit of $47.62 1/2 pd. 11th January another [?]25 pd. November 1814.
[?] 72.62 1/2 [pd.?]

Brunswick County April Court 182[3?].
This Deed in Trust was proved by the Oaths of John Wyche as to Malone Jackson Phipps & Merritt, Thomas Delbridge as to Phipps Jackson & Merritt and Howell Allen as to the same parties three of the witnesses thereto and having been before proved by the Oath of Richard H. H. Walton as to Jackson Phipps & Merritt also a witness thereto, the same is Ordered to be Recorded.

Teste [signed:]
[R?] [Turnbull?] [Ct C.?]

Joseph Phips of Lincoln County, Georgia: 1820s Estate

A legal notice pertaining to the estate of Joseph Phips of Lincoln County, Georgia appeared on 15 September 1827 in the Augusta Chronicle:

Executor’s Sale.

WILL be sold at Lincoln Court House, on the first Tuesday in November next, to the highest bidder, all the real estate of Joseph Phips, late of said County, deceased:

Consisting of One Tract of Land, lying in said County, consisting of one hundred and forty acres, more or less, adjoining lands of Lewis Turner, William Mathews, and others. Also, one negro boy by the name of HARRY, about 12 years old, sold agreeable to an order of the honorable the Court of Ordinary of said County, for the benefit of the heirs and creditors of said deceased. Terms of sale Cash.

John Phips, Ex’r.
Milly Phips, Ex’rx.

September 15

In a past post, we quoted from a different ad pertaining to another sale associated with the same estate. That one appeared in 1825, and concerned personal property and livestock which had belonged to Joseph Phipps, as spelled. Now in the present ad, it’s 1827, and the name is spelled Phips. This time, land and a slave are being sold.

Other details about this Joseph Phipps or Phips were included in the previous post. That post also included a transcription of his will, dated 1825. The will names his wife Milly and his son John as executors. The will also names his minor children as Robert, Thomas, Newel, Amanda, and William.

Old-Timers from the 1850 Census

Some old-timer Phips, Phipps, Fips, Fipps, etc. listings from the 1850 federal census:

Amey Fipp[s?], born about 1774 in Rhode Island, resided 1850 Providence County, Rhode Island

Enumerated 30 August 1850 in the town of Johnston in Providence County, Rhode Island, was Amey Fipp[s?], age 76. She was the head of her household, and was born about 1774 in Rhode Island.

Ann Phipps, born about 1765 in North Carolina, resided 1850 Todd County, Kentucky

Ann Phipps, living on her own on 30 July 1850 in Todd County, Kentucky, was enumerated in the 1850 census. She was 85 and born in North Carolina. This means that she was born about 1765.

Charles Phips, born about 1787 in Pennsylvania, resided 1850 Martin County, Indiana

Charles Phips was born about 1787 in Pennsylvania according to the 1850 census. In that year, he was living in Martin County, Indiana. He was enumerated on 10 September 1850 as 63 years old, born in Pennsylvania, and unable to read and write. He was listed as head of household, but living with persons named Dodson and Wheeler.

Gasper Phipps, born about 1779 in Virginia, resided 1850 Smyth County, Virginia

Gasper Phipps, 71, was the head of a household on 15 August 1850 in Smyth County, Virginia. He was born in Virginia. His apparent wife Margaret was 73, so was born about 1777. Also in the same household was Robert Claiborne, age 10, born in Virginia. We’ve noted various Claiborne connections in southeast Virginia.

James Fipp[s?], born about 1765, location unknown, resided 1850 Pike County, Kentucky

An 1850 census listing in Pike County, Kentucky looks as though it might read “James Fipps.” The last letter is a bit indistinct, and no other letter on the page seems to look quite like it.

This individual was born about 1765, but the location of his birth was unknown. He is listed as a farmer in the household of John Cantrell, a 45-year-old “B Minister” (Baptist minister) who was born in South Carolina. Cantrell’s wife was born in Virginia. The household was enumerated on 12 August 1850.

Jacob Phipps, born about 1778 in Virginia, resided 1850 Yancey County, North Carolina

Jacob Phipps was the head of a household enumerated on 25 October 1850 in Yancey County, North Carolina. He was 72, born about 1778 in Virginia. Next door was the household of Kindred Phipps, a male born about 1810 in Virginia.

Jane Phipps, born about 1766 in Virginia, resided 1850 Grayson County, Virginia

Jane Phipps was 84 years old when she was enumerated as living on her own in Grayson County, Virginia on 4 October 1850. On the same page and in close proximity were various probable relatives, including Stampers (next door, apparently), Hashes, Bryants, and a Long. She was born in Virginia according to the census.

John Fipps, born about 1783 in New York, resided 1850 Butler County, Ohio

John Fipps was enumerated on 2 August 1850 in Butler County, Ohio as the head of a household. He was 67, so born about 1783, and born in New York.

John Phips, born about 1785 in Virginia, resided 1850 Grayson County, Virginia

John Phips was living in Grayson County, Virginia on 26 September 1850. He was enumerated as living by himself. He was 65, so was born about 1785, and was born in Virginia.

Joseph Phipps, born about 1780 in North Carolina, resided 1850 McDowell County, North Carolina

Listed in the census in McDowell County, North Carolina on 20 August 1850 is 70-year-old Joseph Phipps, with his apparent wife Elizabeth, age 60. Joseph was born about 1780 in North Carolina.

Josiah Phipps, born about 1772 (?) in North Carolina, resided 1850 Perry County, Alabama

Josiah Phipps was age 70-something (78?) in the 1850 census in Perry County, Alabama. If 78, that would mean he was born about 1772. He was born in North Carolina and was living in the household of 27-year-old William Phipps, who was born in Alabama.

Lewis Phipps, born about 1783 in Virginia, resided 1850 Lawrence County, Indiana

Lewis Phipps was enumerated on 21 November 1850 in Shawswick Township, Lawrence County, Indiana. He was a head of a household, age 67 (born about 1783), born in Virginia. The household listed just before his was that of 50-year-old Berry (Littleberry) Phipps, born about 1800 in North Carolina.

They were preceded by individuals named Kennedy, likely to have been relatives whose families originated in Virginia or North Carolina.

Margaret Phibbs, born about 1766 in North Carolina, resided 1850 Guilford County, North Carolina

Enumerated on 23 September 1850 in Guilford County, North Carolina was the household of William Phibbs, which included 84-year-old Margaret Phibbs. She was born about 1766 in Guilford County, North Carolina, according to the census, although Guilford County wasn’t formed until 1771. The county was formed from parts of Rowan County and Orange County.

Mary Phipes, born about 1765 in Virginia, resided 1850 Clay County, Indiana

The household of Ambr[ose?] “Phips” in Clay County, Indiana in the 1850 census included an individual listed as 85-year-old Mary “Phibes,” born in Virginia. Because of her age, she would have been born about 1765.

Also in the household were Catharine Phips, age 49, born in Kentucky, and Henry Bolock, 24, born in South Carolina. We’ve dealt with this family in past posts. Ambrose was born about 1805 in Kentucky.

Mary Phips, born about 1770 in Virginia, resided 1850 Grundy County, Tennessee

Eighty-year-old Mary Phips is listed in the household of David Phips in Grundy County, Tennessee on 20 September 1850. David was born about 1815 in Tennessee. Mary was born about 1770 in North Carolina.

Mary Phipps, born about 1788 in Virginia, resided 1850 Washington County, Virginia

Mary Phipps was 62 when she was living in the household of Elijah Phipps in Washington County, Virginia in the 1850 census, on 11 September 1850. She was born about 1788 in Virginia, and could not read and write.

Sarah Fipps, born about 1775 in South Carolina, resided 1850 Horry County, South Carolina

Sarah Fipps was enumerated on 16 September 1850 in Horry County, South Carolina, in the household of a woman named Feraby Correll. Sarah Fipps was 75, so born about 1775, and was born in South Carolina.

Wm. Phipps, born about 1784 in Virginia, resided 1850 Brunswick County, Virginia

Wm. Phipps, born about 1784 in Virginia, was enumerated on 10 August 1850 in Brunswick County, Virginia. He was 66.

Benjamin W. Phipps of Tennessee

According to what appears to be published data from Raleigh Cemetery at Raleigh, Tennessee, Benj. W. Phipps was born 10 November 1830 and died 16 September 1853. Raleigh is in Shelby County. A photo of his tombstone is posted in Find A Grave, however, which contains none of this data except for the name. On the other hand, the stone is recumbent and looks as though it has been broken.

Who was this Benjamin W. Phipps? Searches of the 1850 census in Tennessee have not turned up anything. The 1850 census in Brunswick County, Virginia shows a Benjamin W. Phipps, however, who was 19 (born about 1831), an apparent son of Winfield and Julia Phipps. The age matches, and the middle initial matches. Further, relatives of Winfield were known to have moved into Tennessee. Could this be the same Benjamin?

Winfield is listed among the children of an earlier Benjamin Phipps, born 176[?], in the family Bible at the Library of Virginia. Various of Winfield’s and Benjamin’s relatives moved from Brunswick County, Virginia into Tennessee.

Winfield was born 14 June 1802 according to the family Bible and married (1) Eliza M. Powell 13 November 1828 according to the family Bible and (2) Julia Ann King 28 September 1837 according to the Julia Ann King papers at the Library of Virginia.

The 1850 census shows Winfield living with his 2nd wife Julia Ann King and with his brother James N. The census says that James was born about 1804. The family Bible says he was born 10 July 1806.

From the 1850 census, Southern District, Brunswick County, Virginia, 23 October 1850, #609/609:

  • Winfield Phipps, 49 [born about 1801], male, farmer, real estate $3,128, born Virginia
  • Julia A Phipps, 30 [born about 1820], female, Virginia
  • Benjamin W Phipps, 19 [born about 1831], male, Virginia, attended school
  • William C Phipps, 5 [born about 1845], male, Virginia
  • Thomas W Phipps, 2 [born about 1848], male, Virginia
  • Lucy A Phipps, 3/12 [3 months, born 1850], female, Virginia
  • James N Phipps, 46 [born about 1804], male, farmer, Virginia
  • Nancy P. Baily, 34 [born about 1816], female, Virginia

The older Benjamin died in 1845, as noted in the Richmond Enquirer on 11 February 1845, p. 3. There he’s referred to as Mr. Benjamin Phipps, aged 83 years, 11 months, and 3 days, who died 28 January 1845. That would mean, of course, that he was born around early in 1761. The family Bible says 1760-something, but the last digit is indistinct.

The obituary says he was a Revolutionary War soldier, and suggests that Mississippi, George, and Alabama papers should “please copy.” This suggest that he had relatives and/or friends in those locations.

A Phips or Phipps in Every Nook and Cranny

An early Virginia marriage

Mary Ann Phipps married Philip Pendleton, who was born about 1754 in Virginia, according to a Pendleton family web page. Unfortunately, no source is provided, at least not in that page.

One claim from other unsourced web pages is that her father was a Robert Phipps.

Christopher Jeaffreson and the Phipps family

An 1877 issue of the London journal known as The Atheneum included a lengthy book review of John Cordy Jeaffreson, ed., A Young Squire of the Seventeenth Century, From the Papers (A.D. 1676-1687), of Christopher Jeaffreson, of Dullingham House, Cambridgeshire, 2 vols., Hurst & Blackett. The review appeared in issue number 2610, 3 November 1877, pp. 557-558.

Part of the review quotes from the book in connection with Jeaffrreson’s arrival in the Caribbean and his relationship with the Phipps family:

. . . Christopher took early days to deliver the many letters which his friends in the Leeward Islands had charged him to convey to their friends in England. He was no less prompt in delivering to Constantine Phipps the tokens sent him for festal purposes by his brother, Capt. James Phipps. of St. Christopher’s Island [i.e. St. Kitts], . . . . But the tokens of fraternal affection for Constantine Phipps require a word of explanation.. . . .

John Cordy Jeaffreson then explains that when a man in the 17th century was living or staying far away from his circle of friends, it was customary for him to occasionally send money to cover the charges of a “festal meeting, at which the members of the coterie would commemorate the virtues and drink to the health of the founder of the feast.”

He explained that, “Sometimes the gift was only enough for ‘glasses all round,’ . . . at a convenient tavern.” He goes on:

The tokens sent by Capt. James Phipps amounted to such a sum that Constantine Phipps, one of the gayest students and smartest dancers in the Inns of Court, lost no time in sending out invitations for a family gathering at the Sun Tavern, behind the Royal Exchange. Young Constantine Phipps (the future Lord Chancellor of Ireland, and the cousin of the inventor of the diving-bell) and Christopher Jeaffreson were brothers by affinity, and the dinner-party consisted chiefly of Phippses. Mr. Francis Phipps and Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Phipps Phipps [sic] came with Mr. and Mrs. Jackson and Mr. Langhford. Her dress and state of sorrow forbade Mrs. Brett to join the party, which was a sumptuous and successful affair. The caterer exceeded the sum of the tokens, but, as the feast was in Christopher’s honour, he was not permitted to contribute a single coin to ‘the whip.’

Constantine might not have been a cousin of “the inventor of the diving-bell,” and Sir William Phips might not have invented the diving bell, as has often been suggested), but Constantine evidently was the sister of Ann or Anna Phipps who married George Reeves who evidently died in Virginia.

Both Ann and Constantine were offspring of Francis Phipps of Reading in Berkshire, perhaps the same as the Francis referred to above. As we’ve noted in past posts, the Inns of Court mentioned above were (and are) associations for British. barristers.

James Phipps, St. Kitts “muster master”

James Phipps is referred to as “muster master” on St. Kitts in the Caribbean in 1687. That’s in J.W. Fortescue, Calendar of State Papers, Colonial Series, America and West Indies, 1685-1688, Preserved in the Public Record Office, London: Norfolk Chronicle, 1899, p. 415. See various past posts regarding James Phipps on St. Kitts.

Constantine Phipps and Constantine Phipps again

Two of the various individuals named Constantine Phipps (one who was of St. Kitts and who died in 1769, another who was of Exeter and who lived from 1745-1797) are discussed in Lars E. Troide, The Early Journals and Letters of Fanny Burney, Volume 1: 1768-1773, Kingston and Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1988. Also discussed in Henry Phipps (1755-1831), the one who was the son of the Constantine Phipps who lived from 1722-1775.

The book also refers to Harry Phipps, who later became Lord Mulgrave, as possibly serving as the inspiration for a fictional character by Fanny Burney, the novelist and playwright. In that context, Phipps is described as “that perfect young gentleman.” Harry was a common period nickname for Henry.

Constantine Henry Phipps, author

Constantine Henry Phipps, 1st Marquess of Normanby, has been identified as the author of one of his books which was published as by, simply, “the author of ‘Matilda.'” The book is Yes and No: A Tale of the Day, Philadelphia: Carey, Lea & Carey, 1828.

That Constantine lived from 1797 to 1863 and was the son of Henry Phipps, the 1st Earl of Mulgrave, and his wife Martha Sophia. He was a descendant of Francis Phipps of Reading, Berkshire, England.

Constantine Phipps and nautical adventures

The efforts of Constantine John Phipps (1744-1792) to reach the North Pole in an early sailing expedition are discussed in Clements R. Markham, The Lands of Silence: A History of Arctic and Antarctic Exploration, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015.

This Constantine also played a role in the Revolutionary War in America and was a descendant of Francis Phipps of Reading, Berkshire, England.

The attempt to reach the North Pole is also discussed in a section titled “Voyage of Captain Phipps, Towards the North Pole,” in A General Collection of Voyages and Travels, Vol. 11, London: Sherwood, Neely, and Jones, 1813, beginning on p. 1.

In addition, what is described on the title page as “a Narrative of Captain Phipps’s Expedition, By a Midshipman” is included in Capt. Albert H. Markham, Northward Ho!, London: Macmillan and Co., 1879.

Constantine Phipps and British journalism

Daniel Defoe, best remembered as the author of Robinson Crusoe, was one of the most significant figures in the history of British literature and publishing. A biography by William Minto (Daniel Defoe, New York: Harper and Brothers, 1899) was published in 1899.

That bio refers to “Captain Phipps’s scheme for raising the wreck of a Spanish ship laden with silver.” This would refer to the sometimes sea captain, sometimes military leader, sometimes governor, William Phips of Maine and later Massachusetts.

Page 110 of the same bio refers to Sir Constantine Phipps, also referred to as Con. Phipps, as the object of some of Defoe’s newspaper editing endeavors  Defoe alleged in the newspaper called The Flying Post that the Duke of Anglesey had been set to Ireland,

to new model the Forces there, and particularly to break no less than seventy of the honest officers of the army, and to fill their places with the tools and creatures of Con Phipps, and such a rabble of cut-throats as were fit for the work that they had for them to do.

Minto added,

That there was some truth in the allegation is likely enough; Sir Constantine Phipps was, at least shortly afterwards dismissed from his offices.

Defoe, however, was brought to trial for libel by the Duke of Anglesey.

William Phips of Massachusetts

William Phips or Phipps of Maine and later Massachusetts, the French & Indian Wars military leader and colonial governor, is the subject of listings of various items in a catalog of New England records. This was published as A Rough List of a Collection of Transcripts Relating to the History of New England 1630-1776, “In Possession of” Frederick Lewis Bay, “privately printed” in Brookline, Massachusetts in 1913.

William Phipps, vintner

William Phipps was the compiler of The Vintner’s Guide, Boyle, Ireland: John Bromell, 1825. Phipps is referred to on the title page as “Secretary to the Fair Trading Vintners’ Society and Asylum of the City of Dublin.”

John Phipp testimony

A certain John Phipp testified in Old Bailey Proceedings in London in 1770 regarding the theft of a cane. This is discussed in a web page which quotes Phipp as having witnessed the incident, as he “halloed out, Stop thief!”

David Phipps and the Continental Navy

A letter from Joseph Pennell to David Phipps, dated 1782, is included in The Papers of Robert Morris, Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1980. David Phipps has been discussed here in the past, and was a Continental Navy officer during the American Revolution.

He’s also discussed in Wick Griswold, Connecticut Pirates & Privateers: Treasure and Treachery in the Constitution State, Charleston, South Carolina: History Press, 2015.

John Phipps and a 19th century saloon brawl

John Phipps is discussed in connection with a Wild West saloon brawl in 1854 in John Boessenecker, When Law Was in the Holster: The Frontier Life of Bob Paul, Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 2012, p. 70.

This was during the California Gold Rush, in San Antonio Camp. San Antonio Camp is still a place name in Calaveras County.

Phipps is said to have been feared as a desperado, and was hung for murder in 1857.

William Phipps, Civil War Confederate

William (“Will”) Phipps, Confederate soldier in the American Civil War, is discussed in John D. Fowler, Mountaineers in Gray: The Nineteenth Tennessee Volunteer Infantry Regiment, C.S.A., Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2004. The book refers to William as having a sister named Charlotte.

At one point, William writes a letter from Camp Cunnings at Knoxville, Tennessee in 1861 and mentions his father James. Charlotte was engaged to Daniel C. Miller who evidently shared a tent with William.

If census searches are any indication, this William would seem likely be the one who appears in the 1850 and 1860 censuses in Hawkins County, Tennessee. In 1850, James Phipps was living next to the household of Wesley Phipps. James was 35, born about 1815 in Tennessee. Charlotte and William were 9 and 7, respectively. In the 1860 census, James was 51 (born about 1809), Charlotte was 19 and a school teacher, and Wm. F. was 16.

The only problem with that identification is that if this is the family referred to in the book, the book refers to James as “elderly.” More than a 10-year increase in ages appears between the 1850 and 1860 censuses, indicating an error or rough guesstimate, but in either case he would have only been about 46-52 at the time of the letter.

John Phipps, 19th century surveyor

We’ve focused a number of times on John Phips or Phipps, the surveyor who was brought into Jamestown, Virginia in 1621. Another surveyor was a much later John Phipps, who entered into surveying in London in the 1820s.

That John Phipps, who worked for the Office of Woods and Forests in London, is the subject of a section of Caroline Shenton, The Day Parliament Burned Down, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012.

Eric Phipps, British diplomat

Sir Eric Phipps is mentioned or discussed in a number of pages in Daniel Hucker, Public Opinion and the End of Appeasement in Britain and France, New York: Routledge, 2011. Eric Clare Edmund Phipps lived from 1875 to 1945, and was a British diplomat. He was a son of one of the several individuals named Constantine Phipps.

In this case it appears to have been Edmund Constantine Henry Phipps (1840-1911), son of Edmund Phipps and grandson of Henry Phipps, the 1st Earl of Mulgrave. Henry was a son of Constantine Phipps (1722-1775), the 1st Baron Mulgrave, son of William Phipps and Catherine Annesley, daughter of Catherine Darnley, illegitimate daughter of King James II. William was a descendant of Francis Phipps of Reading, Berkshire, England.

Eric is also the subject of John Herman, The Paris Embassy of Sir Eric Phipps: Anglo-French Relations, Sussex Academic Press, 1998.

Lawrence Phipps of Denver

The role of the Phipps family, including Senator Lawrence Cowle Phipps, in the history of Denver, Colorado is included in Richard E. Wood, Here Lies Colorado: Fascinating Figures in Colorado History, Helena, Montana: Farcountry Press, 2005.

Lawrence is also discussed in a vast number of period newspaper articles. Many, if not the majority, of them had to do with scandal involving his divorce.

Susie Guillory Phipps and racial identity

The well-known racial labeling case of the 1970s involving Susie Elizabeth Phipps is discussed in  Middleton, Roediger, and Shaffer, eds., The Construction of Whiteness: An Interdisciplinary Analysis of Race Formation and the Meaning of a White Identity, University of Mississippi Press, 2016.

The matter is also discussed in numerous other sources. These include Kramer, Reid, and Barney, eds., Learning History in America: Schools, Cultures, and Politics, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1994, as well as Catherine R. Squires, Dispatches from the Color Line: The Press and Multiracial America, Albany: State University of New York Press, 2007.

1819 Deed to Benjamin Phipps, Brunswick County, Virginia

A copy of an 1819 Brunswick County, Virginia deed was sent by the proprietor of the excellent Witcher genealogy website. This deed is dated 6 January 1819, and involved the sale of land from Frederick Smith to Benjamin Phipps.

A very recent post included a transcription of a land patent to Jesse Tatum. The land had been earlier patented to James and Mary Smith, but they lost the land when they neglected to pay the quit rents. Now, in this 1819 deed, Frederick Smith is the seller.

The record also refers to someone whose name is indistinct but which looks as though it might be Arthur Ford. If that’s the surname, one must wonder whether he could have been related to Frederick Ford of Amelia County.

We’ve discussed in past posts the 1786 will of Frederick Ford in Amelia County, Virginia. That will was witnessed by John Phipps and Tabitha Phipps. Past posts, such as this one, suggest that Frederick Ford probably had some of the same social and family connections as did the Phips or Phipps family of Surry, Sussex, and Brunswick Counties in Virginia.

Frederick Smith is said to have been born about 1766 in Brunswick County, Virginia. The 1777 Brunswick County will of Cuthbert Smith, as abstracted, names his son Frederick Smith.

The Thomas Goodrich who is also mentioned in the deed appears to have been related to Briggs Goodrich, who we’ve discussed in the past (see here, for instance, as well as here). Supposedly a daughter of Briggs Goodrich, who was named after the family’s association with the Briggs family, married a Harris, a name which has come up repeatedly in past posts.

[p. 228:]

This indenture made and entered into this sixth day of January eighteen hundred and nineteen between Frederick Smith of the one part & Benjamin Phipps of the other part both of the County of Brunswick and state of Virginia Witnesseth that whereas Thomas Goodrich late of that said County and state did by his certain Indenture of bargain and sale bearing date the second day of October eighteen hundred and five sell alien make over and confirm unto the said Frederick Smith as trustee the fee simple estate to and of one certain tract or parcel of land situate in the said County containing by estimation one hundred and sixty acres more or less and in the said Indenture particularly mentioned & described and which said sale alienation and transfer of property by the said Goodrich to the said Smith was in trust & with a condition in the said Indenture also particularly mentioned that in the event of the said Goodrichs failing to pay Arthur [ford? or fort?] or his assigns a certain debt therein named on or before the first day of January 1806 then and at any time thereafter the said Frederick Smith should sell the said land and pay the said debt all of which will more fully appear by reference to the said Indenture of bargain and sale. And whereas further the said Frederick Smith after duly advertising the day and place of sale agreeable to the condition

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and requisitions of the said Trust deed or indenture hath this day sold to the said Benjamin Phipps he being the highest bidder the said tract or parcel of land for the sum of five hundred and Twenty [or Seventy?] five dollars Now therefore this Indenture further witnesseth that he the said Frederick Smith trustee as aforesaid for and in consideration of the said sum of money by the said Benjamin Phipps to him in hand paid before the unsealing and delivery of these presents the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged the said Frederick Smith as trustee [did?] [or?] otherwise hath granted bargained and Sold and by these presents doth grant bargain and sell make over and confirm unto the said Benjamin Phipps the said Tract or parcel of land situate in the said County and bounded by the [lands?] of lines of Richard [Heartwell?] John Harrison and of Moses Wheeler decd. Containing by estimation one hundred and sixty acres be the same more or less and the same land that the said Thomas Goodrich purchased of the said Arthur [Fort? or Ford?] To have and to hold the said described land and its sppurtenances ith the reversion and reversions remainder and remainders yearly and other rents issues and profits thereof and of any part or parcel thereof free from the claim [&? or or?] claims of him the said Frederick Smith as trustee and of his heirs and he the said Frederick Smith for himself and his heirs doth convey to the said Benjamin Phipps all the right title claim or interest vested in him as trustee and no other rights whatsoever and will forever warrant and defend the right from the claim or claims of all [and any?] other person or persons whatsoever claiming formerly in [the right?] under law the said Frederick Smith & of no others whatsoever

In Witness whereof he the said Frederick Smith hath hereunto set his hand and affixed his seal the day and year first above written

Fredk Smith (Seal)

Signed Sealed acknowledged and delivered before [signed:]
Edward C Smith
R. Brown
John Edwards

Brunswick County Court Clerks office 23d January 1819.

This Indenture of bargain and sale between Frederick Smith of the one part and Benjamin Phipps of the other part was proved by the oaths of John Edwards a witness thereto and having been before proved by the oaths of of [sic; word repeated] Richardson Brown and Edward C Smith also witnesses thereto was admitted to Record

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