Jasper County, Georgia was created in 1807 from Baldwin County. An Isaiah Phipps was there fairly early, as attested by deed records found by the webmaster of a website devoted to a related family. That website is titled A Witcher Genealogy, a site which has posted some groundbreaking information on the Phips or Fips or Phipps family.
He sent copies of 3 deeds from Jasper County, Georgia. All are dated 1815 or 1816. That may sound very early for Georgia, but Georgia was established as a colony in 1733.
- 7 November 1815 | Isaiah Phipps to John Duke
- 13 July 1816 | Isaiah Phipps to Joseph Crenshaw
- 13 July 1816 | Isaiah Phipps to Samuel Mays
Since Isaiah Phipps was selling all this land in Jasper County, Georgia, we could wonder whether he was moving out of the area. If online census indices can be trusted, it doesn’t appear that Isaiah Phipps showed up in federal census records in Jasper County, Georgia. Secondary sources present contradictory claims about this Isaiah. One claim, however, is that he was born in Granville County, North Caorlina, moved to Jackson and Jasper Counties in Georgia, and later moved to Bibb County, Alabama and, later still, Perry County in Alabama.
A past post noted the presence of a Josiah or Isaiah Phipps, it wasn’t clear which, who some apparently think might have been the same person. His name wasn’t clear and his age wasn’t clear, but it appeared as though he might have been born about 1775 in North Carolina. He was living on Christmas Day in 1850 in Perry County, Alabama in the household of a William and Sarah Phipps. This William was born about 1823 in North Carolina, and his wife in Georgia.
We had already noted the presence of an Isaiah Phipps, born about 1780-1790, in the Perry County, Alabama census in 1840. Was this the same person? (Old censuses often varied a bit in terms of ages.) The last link also interprets the 1850 census entry as pertaining to a “Josiah,” but it really is hard to tell for certain. After applying a fair amount of photo editing to the copy in Family Search, the name looks like I or J, followed by an unclear letter (perhaps an “o”), then -siah. Theoretically, it could read Josiah, but also Issiah or Iasiah, or who knows.
Prior to the Jasper County, Georgia deeds, the name Isaiah Phipps appears in a record abstract. Apparently he was a witness to a will of a certain Alexander Reid, and as a result was one of those who proved the will on 4 January 1814 in Jasper County. That would make sense, since in the final deed below, one of the witnesses appears to have been John Reid (the text is rather blurry at that point). This John Reid seems likely to have been the John “Reed” to whom letters testamentary were issued in connection with this Alexander Reid estate.
The first deed is dated 7 November 1815. In that deed, Isaiah Phipps sold land to John Duke. Duke’s place of residence is not written clearly. The last part looks as though it might be “-burne,” which makes one wonder whether it could refer to Cleburne County. (The name actually looks something like “Jhe Jurne.”) Although Cleburne County is in Alabama, it’s a county which borders Georgia.
On the other hand, perhaps it was a reference to Claiborne Parish, Louisiana. That might make more sense, based on an earlier post about a Phipps family (perhaps closely related) associated with Georgia and with Claiborne Parish, Louisiana. That post quoted from a 19th century biography in Biographical and Historical Memoirs of Northwest Louisiana. That biography refers to a later Isaiah Phipps, who was born 9 December 1820 in Perry County, Alabama. His father, according to the bio, was John Phipps, who was born in Georgia. The clincher here is that this John Phipps married Mary Ann Crenshaw from Georgia. In the 2nd deed below, the earlier Isaiah Phipps sold land to a Crenshaw, that being Joseph Crenshaw.
This later Isaiah, according to the biography, married a woman named Mary Veazey, born in Alabama. Is it significant, then, that an Alfred Veazey was administrator of an estate in Orange County, North Carolina in 1864 involving Ambrose Phipps? We would have to say “involving,” since although the estate file is labeled Ambrose Phipps, it seems to have been generated before he died.
Regarding the John Duke who bought land from Isaiah Phipps in the 1st Jasper County, Georgia deed, one must also wonder whether this John Duke could have been related to John Duke Sr. who died in 1755 in Granville County, North Carolina. That’s according to unconfirmed secondary sources, such as this one. That family is said to have made inroads into Georgia. John Duke, Sr. is supposed to have married Mary Myrick. The Myrick name is one we’ve noted on multiple occasions as associated with the Phipps family of Brunswick County, Virginia.
A Jasper County, Georgia marriage record shows “John M Duke” as marrying Charity Waldrope 10 February 1814.
This Indenture made this twenty Seventh day of November in the year of our lord one thousand Eight hundred & fifteen between Isaiah Phipps of the County of Jasper of the one part and John Duke of [unclear] County and state [state not identified] of the other part – Witnesseth that the said Phipps for and in Consideration of the Sum of two hundred and [“fifty” was crossed out] forty dollars to him in hand well and truly paid by the said Duke at and before the Sealing [page break] and delivery of these presents the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged hath granted bargained Sold delivered and by these presents do grant bargain sell & deliver unto the said Duke his heirs and assigns all that part or parcel of land lying and being in the County formerly Baldwin now Jasper County in the thirteenth district of said County therein and distinguished in the plan of said district by part of lot No. 2 bounded as follows to wit beginning on a Beach Corner thence N 40 E 30: 10 to a post oak stake thence [S?]50. E 18 to a red oak thence N 50 [S?]20. W40. to a white Oak on the branch and thence bounded by the branch untill the said branch falls into falling Creek at the beginning Corner Containing Fifty five acres more or less it being the north east tract of said lot Together with all and Singular the rights [members?] and appurtenances thereof belonging or in any wise appurtaining thereunto forever to have and to hold the said part [or?] parcel of land unto him the said John Duke his heirs and assigns forever from me the said Isaiah Phipps my heirs Executors Administrators and assigns unto the said Duke his heirs Executors Administrators and assigns forever and I do warrant & forever defend the said parcel of land aforesaid from me my heirs Executors & Administrators unto the said Duke his heirs Executors Administrators and assigns from all and every other person or persons whatsoever – In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand & seal the day and year above written
[signed:] Isaiah his P mark Phipps (Seal)
Record. 18 Decr. 1815
Henry Walker clk
Signed Sealed & delivered in the presence of [witnessed by:]
Hi[ram?] Cl[?] JP
The next two deeds are both dated the same, 13 July 1816. In the next deed, Isaiah Phipps sold land in Jasper County, Georgia to Joseph Crenshaw. Unconfirmed secondary sources refer to a Joseph Crenshaw, Sr. who appears to have died about 1757-1758 in Lunenburg County, Virginia. Some of his children migrated into Georgia, including Jasper County, and he did have a son, Joseph Crenshaw, Jr. We’ve extensively discussed Lunenburg County, Virginia, of course, in connection with John Fips or Phips who died in Charlotte County, which was formed from Lunenburg.
At least one secondary source appears to connect this Crenshaw family with the Duke family. (Again, the above deed was to John Duke.) Another secondary source refers to a Joseph Crenshaw who died in Lunenburg County, likely the same one already mentioned, whose daughter Priscilla married a Robert Duke.
This is interesting, since in the 2nd deed below, Isaiah Phipps sells land to a John Duke. Some of the secondary source material about the Crenshaw family in Virginia refers to a Micajah Crenshaw, and a Georgia Archives preliminary inventory lists documents pertaining to a Jasper County, Georgia case of Micajah Crenshaw and Joseph Crenshaw v. Benjamin Fudge (date not indicated). The name Joseph Crenshaw also appears as one of the winning drawers in the Cherokee land lottery (see p. 109).
This Indenture made this thirteenth day of July in the year Eighteen hundred and sixteen between Isaiah Phipps of Jasper County and State of Georgia of the one part and Joseph Crenshaw of the same state & County of the other part Witnesseth, That the said Isaiah Phipps for and in consideration of the sum of Three hundred and fifty Dollars to him in hand paid by the said Joseph Crenshaw the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged hath bargained & sold unto the said Joseph Crenshaw all that tract or parcel of land situate lying and being in Jasper County in the thirteenth district and known by part [page break] of No. Sixty three and laid off, and marked as follows to wit, Beginning at a Buck eye stake running thence N. 45. E. 45 Chain to a cucumber corner thence SouthE. 20 Chains 79 links to an Iron wood corner thence S. 40. W. 45 chain to a Hickory thence at 50 W. 20 C 79 links to the beginning supposing to contain ninety three and a half acres more or less To have and to hold the said tract or parcel of land with all and singular the rights, members & appurtenances thereunto belonging. And the said Isaiah Phipps his heirs, executors and administrators doth hereby warrant and forever defend the tract of land aforesaid unto the said Joseph Crenshaw his heirs and assigns against all other claims whatever in fee simple. In witness whereof he the said Isaiah Phipps hath hereunto set his hand and seal the day and year above written
[signed:] Isaiah his P mark Phipps (L.S.)
Signed Sealed & delivered in presence of [witnessed by:]
R. Carter J. P.
The 3rd and final deed is one in which Isaiah Phipps sold land to Samuel Mays. This deed is dated 13 July 1816. An 1808 Oglethorpe County, Georgia deed was from John Cocke to Samuel Mays. We’ve noted various Cocke (Cook) connections in Virginia in previous posts. Oglethorpe County is fairly close to Jasper County. A Samuel Mays was one of those who won land in Oglethorpe County in the Cherokee land lottery in 1805 (see p. 12).
This Indenture made this thirteenth day of July in the year of our lord one thousand Eight hundred and sixteen between Isaiah Phipps of the County of Jasper and State of Georgia of the one part and Samuel Mays of the same County and State aforesaid of the other part witnesseth That the said Isaiah Phipps for and in Consideration of the sum of Four hundred & fifty Dollars to him in hand paid the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged by the said Isaiah Phipps have granted bargained and sold and by their presents doth grant bargain and sell unto the said Samuel Mays all that tract or parcel of land it being part of that lot of land situate[d?] in the thirteenth District in the County of Baldwin now Jasper distinguished in the plan of said District by the number Sixty three containing one hundred and nine acres be the same [not grammatical, but formulaic] more or less and bounded as follows to wit, beginning at a corner Hickory in John Greens line running with said line South forty five East to [a?] Corner white oak [post?], thence North forty [page break; from here the text is very blurry] . . .
The rest of this last deed is, as noted, extremely blurry. The text appears, however, to refer to Richard Carter’s line, and to conclude with the standard promise to defend the deed in the future. The deed is signed by Isaiah Phipps with the same “P” mark. Witnesses appear to have been John [Reid?], a name which might be Saml. Owen or something which looks similar, and Richard Carter, J.P. [Justice of the Peace]. This John Reid may have been the one who, according to secondary sources, was born in Rowan County, North Carolina, but died in Warren County, Georgia.