Records from the Edward Pleasants Valentine Papers

The published version of the Edward Pleasants Valentine Papers is a massive collection. It comprises thousands of pages of record abstracts and transcriptions pertaining to various Virginia families. Several of those families are among those we’ve discussed at various times in connection with the Fips, Phips, or Phipps family.

Among the families which were the subjects of the Valentine research is the Woodson family. The will of Sanbourn Woodson in Cumberland County, Virginia is a matter we’ve discussed in the past. Volume 3 of the Valentine papers, p. 1823, includes a transcription. This will, which is dated 1755, was witnessed by 3 individuals, one of whom was Susannah Fips, who signed with an X.

Volume 4, pp. 2116-2117, discusses a Norfolk County deed. That deed is dated 1821, but it refers to earlier transactions. The deed is directed from John Hodges and his wife Frances of the borough of Norfolk to Jacob Valentine of Princess Anne County. Hodges owned money to Valentine for a negro boy.

As a result, land in Norfolk was transferred. This property was on Hawk Street and was adjacent to property owned by Anthony Walke “&c.” It was referred to as part of land which had been conveyed in 1792 by John “Phipp” to William Holladay.

We’ve noted in previous posts how Matthew “Phrip” or “Phripp” of Norfolk, as he was generally represented, was closely affiliated with Anthony Walke. We’ve also noted how Matthew’s surname appears to have sometimes been represented as “Phipp” and in other forms which were more akin to Phips or Phipps.

We also know from other sources that there was a clear connection from Matthew “Phripp” to the Cocke family and to Col. George Blow. We’ve noted Cocke connections in various earlier posts, as well as the direct involvement of one of the several individuals named George Blow in the estate of the orphan John Phips, son of Elizabeth Harris, in Surry County, Virginia.

The same Valentine volume, on p. 225, refers to a John Phipps in connection with a record from the Virginia Land Office, among documents pertaining to grants and patents. Three men – John Smith of Purton, John Lewis, Esq., and John Washington of Westmoreland County – received 46 1/2 acres in Gloucester County. The way the abstract is worded, it isn’t clear whether all 3 men were of Westmoreland County, or just John Washington.

This land was referred to as having been surveyed earlier by the Gloucester County surveyor, Lawrence Smith, for George Warner. The land was granted as per a 1709 court order to the 3 men as heirs of Warner, who was now deceased, “and for the importation of John Phipps.” The record is dated 1711.

From other sources, it appears that an early George Warner moved from Gloucester County to Cumberland County, the same county associated with the Susannah Fips discussed above. The book Virginia Military Records (Baltimore, 1983), p. 346, refers to a George Warner in Gloucester County, son of Augustine and Mildred (Reade) Warner, who died without issue.

His sisters, however, married into various prominent families. Mildred married the grandfather of President George Washington, and Elizabeth married Col. John Lewis, presumably the one referred to in the record cited by Valentine. Ancestors of this Lewis were associated with the Byrd plantation of Goochland County.

Another sister, Mary, married Col. John Smith of Purton in Gloucester County. Note that the record in Valentine specifically refers to John Smith of Purton.

What was the connection – or was there one of any substance – between these men and the John Phipps who was imported?

Another book, Mason, comp., Records of Colonial Gloucester County, Virginia, Vols. 1 and 2 (Baltimore, 2009), refers on p. 48, under John Lewis, to a 1711 record which sounds like the same one which was discussed in Valentine.

Reference is made to the same 3 men as heirs of 46 1/2 acres which had been surveyed for George Warner, but who was now deceased. The abstract ends a reference to headrights associated with John Phipps.

Does this Warner family connect with the one which was involved with the Jeaffreson family in the Caribbean, with direct links from there to the Phipps family?

A few select sources for additional reading are listed below. Far more sources could also be listed.

“Lost” Charles City County, Virginia Records Found

An item which has been in the news lately is the return of previously lost early records from Charles City County, Virginia. The 300 or so pages of records evidently cover the period from 1694 to 1700.

It’s unknown whether the records will contain Phips or Phipps references, but it’s entirely possible. The records are expected to be digitized by the end of the year. The immigrant surveyor John Phips entered Jamestown in 1621, and he or one or more of his descendants could have had dealings with the nearby settlement of Charles City.

By 1770 to 1771, extant Charles City County records refer to a John Phipps and a William Phipps there, both of whom were orphans of James Phipps. Earlier, back in 1753, a John Phipps was born in Charles City County, according to his pension records. He later lived in Surry County, Virginia, then in Amelia County, where he entered Revolutionary War service in 1775. He eventually lived in Orange County, North Carolina before moving into Kentucky.

John Phips on the Pigg River in Virginia, 1767

We are once again indebted to the webmaster of the A Witcher Genealogy site for sending a copy of an early deed. This one is dated 1767 and comes from Halifax County, Virginia. The deed had been mentioned in an earlier post, but was based only on a published transcription and did not involve seeing the original record.

In this deed, John Phips of Charlotte County, Virginia sells 210 acres in Halifax County to William Cook of Halifax County. The land is located at the confluence of the Pigg River with Hatchet Run, presumably the stream known today as Hatchet Creek.

This John Phips of Charlotte County would presumably be the one we’ve discussed in various prior posts. He left an estate in 1768-9 in Charlotte County, and his daughter and son in law a bit later moved into Surry County, North Carolina. This John Phips or Fips was earlier in Lunenburg County records, as discussed in past posts.

The William Cook to whom John Phips sold the land in the deed was presumably the one who, according to unconfirmed secondary sources, lived in Lunenburg County before coming into Halifax County. Alternatively, as seems to be hinted by one secondary source, it was simply that part of Lunenburg became Halifax.

The William Cook who bought the property would appear to be the same William Cook who, according to his Revolutionary War pension testimony, served as a substitute for Joseph “Wiltcher.” (Was this a misreading or garbled form of Witcher? A daughter of John Phips or Fips of Charlotte County married a Witcher.)

A secondary source says that William Cook was living with Matthew Talbot, Sr. in 1748, evidently in Lunenburg County. Matthew Talbot appears from records to have been very closely affiliated with a certain John “Phelps” in Lunenburg County, with evidence that he may have either been a “Phipps” or was related in some way. Another very close friend of Matthew Talbot was Clement Read. Clement Read was directly involved with the 1768 John “Fips” estate.

A Bedford County militia record from 1756 shows Matthew Talbot as company lieutenant alongside John Phelps as colonel. Bedford was formed from part of Lunenburg.

A bit earlier, in 1749, a Cumberland Parish record in Lunenburg County ordered that any of two of four individuals named – Matthew Talbot, John Phelps, Thomas Boulden, and Clement Read – should enter into an agreement with workmen regarding church construction. A Clement Read was directly involved in 1769 with the estate of John Phips or Fips of Charlotte County.

Matthew Talbot appears to have eventually moved to Wilkes County, Georgia, that enigmatic location which has surfaced at various unexpected times in research. Wilkes County, Georgia is adjacent to Elbert County, Georgia. That’s where some of the Witcher family moved and where, in 1815, John Rowsey referred in his will to his daughter Tabitha Phipps.

In one very odd Lunenburg County record (Order Book 2, 5 June 1749, as transcribed), a group of men were all sworn in as justices or as justices of the peace. Among the names were the following, all of whom have been discussed in past posts:

  • Matthew Talbot
  • Field Jefferson (We’ve noted various Jefferson and Jeaffreson connections, including direct Phipps and Jeaffreson connections, and indirect connections to the Epps family which was, in turn, directly connected to the Epps family)
  • William Wynne (he, or someone of that name, sold land in Halifax County to an Epps in 1746)
  • David Stokes (Sylvanus Stokes was directly involved with the 1768 estate of John Fips or Phips of Charlotte County)
  • John Phelps (close associate of Matthew Talbot)
  • Cornelius Cargill (who married the widow of Tandy Walker, Sr., who had been directly associated with John Fips or Phips of Lunenburg County and later Charlotte County)
  • Abraham Cook (apparently related to William Cook)
  • Thomas Bolling (the surname which has had a long-standing relationship with the Phips or Phipps family, as noted in various posts)
  • Liddal (Lydall) Bacon (likely related to the Langston Bacon who was also associated with the 1768 John Fips or Phips estate in Charlotte County)
  • Peter Fontaine (also directly associated with John Fips or Phips of Lunenburg County and later Charlotte County)

The earlier post regarding the deed asked whether there was a connection from William Cook to the Clary (Payne) Cook who is supposed to have lived in the Pigg River area (Pittsylvania and Henry Counties). His daughter Clare is supposed to have married Llewellyn Phipps.

Regarding the Payne surname, an Elizabeth Payne is supposed to have married Samuel Woodson in 1777 in Goochland County. He appears to have been related to Sanborn Woodson, whose earlier (1756) will in Cumberland County, formed from part of Goochland, was witnessed by Susannah Fips.

Various pieces of evidence seem to suggest a connection from the Fips or Phips family in Goochland and Cumberland Counties with that in Charlotte, Pittsylvania, and Lunenburg Counties, with clear connections from the latter place back to Brunswick and Sussex Counties. Some evidence also seems to point to some sort of possible relationship with individuals named “Phelps” in the general Cumberland area, although the exact relationship is not clear.

The land described in the deed would appear to be shown on the Rocky Mount USGS topographical quadrangle, where Hatchet Creek runs into the Pigg River, west of the town of Rocky Mount. The land is a short distance north of Cooks Knob, a feature which is prominently shown on the map. Perhaps it was named for William Cook or for one of his relatives.

The deed refers to “that messuage or tenement” associated with this land. These are terms which were common in old deeds. The term messuage commonly referred to a residence along with all its various outbuildings and the land associated with it. The term tenement in other applications tended to refer to a multi-family dwelling, but in a legal document sense typically simply suggested permanent property, especially a house or building.

[in margin:]

[page] 377

Cook
from
Phips

[body of text:]

This Indenture made this twenty first Day of May one thousand seven hundred & sixty seven Between John Phips of Charlotte County & Colony of Virginia of the one part and William Cook of Halifax County and Colony aforesaid of the other part witnesseth that the said John Phips for and in consideration of the Sum of ten pounds to him in hand paid by the said William Cook the receipt whereof the said John Phips doth hereby acknowledge he the said John Phips hath granted bargained & Sold aliened and confirmed unto and by these presents doth grant bargain and Sell alien and confirm unto the said William Cook his Heirs & Assigns forever all that messuage or Tenement & all that piece or parcel of land lying on both sides of Pigg River at the mouth of Hatchet Run in Halifax County containing two hundred & ten Acres the Patent of which bears date the twentyeth [sic; as spelled] Day of August one thousand Seven hundred Seven hundred [sic; wording repeated] and Sixty and bounded as

[in margin:]

[page] 378

[body of text:]

followeth Viz begining [sic; as spelled] at a white Oak on the North side the River thence new lines South Seventy five Degrees East one hundred & eighty four Poles crossing a branch to a white Oak South twenty five Degrees West forty-eight poles crossing the River to a white Hicary [sic; hickory] South Sixty four Degrees west sixty Poles to a Chesnut white Oak north Sixty four Degrees west ninety Poles to a white Oak South seventy three Degrees west thirty two poles to a Gum South twenty nine & a half degrees West one hundred and fifty Six poles to a white Hicory [sic; hickory] near the River M[?]crossing the River and up as it meanders to a small Hicory [sic] North two hundred Poles crossing a run called Deep Run to a red Oak North Seventy two Degrees East one hundred & forty two poles to the first Station together with all Trees woods underwoods Tithes commons [common?] of Pasture Profits Commodities advantages Hereditaments ways waters & appurtenances whatsoever to the said Messuage and Lands abovementioned belonging or any ways appertaining and also the reversion & reversions – remainder and remainders Rents and Services of the said Premises & of every part thereof and all the Estate right Title Interest claim & demand whatsoever of him the said John Phips of in and to the said Messuage and Tenement of premises and every part thereof To have & to hold the said messuage or Tenement & all and Singular the premises abovementioned and every part and parcel thereof with the appurtenances unto the said William Cook his Heirs & assigns to [the?] only proper use and behoof of the said William Cook his Heirs & Assigns forever. And the said John Phips for him & his Heirs the Said Messuage or Tenement & premises & every part thereof against him & his Heirs & against all & every other Person & Persons whatsoever to the said William Cooke [sic; as spelled] his Heirs & Assigns shall & will warrant and forever defend by these presents. In witness whereof I the said John Phips have hereunto set my hand & Seal the Day & date above written

[signed:]
John Phips L S.

Signed Sealed & delivered
In presence of us [signed:]
[no witness signatures]

At a Court held for Halifax County the 21st Day of May 1767. This Indenture was acknowledged by the hereto Subscribed John Phips to be his Act of Deed & ordered to be recorded

Test [signed:]
Robt. Munford C[?]

See also:

The 1794 Death of Dearing Phipps

The death of Dearing Phipps was reported from New Haven, Connecticut, referring to communication dated 30 September 1794. The news appeared in the Gazette of the United States and Daily Evening Advertiser for 4 October 1794, p. 2.

According to the article, two persons died on 26 September 1794 of “putrid fever.” One of them was Dearing Phipps, age 22. Based on his age, he was born about 1772.

More individuals died of the same cause in the following days. A committee set up to monitor the health of the city noted that “there are 15 persons sick with the putrid fever.”

Various secondary sources refer to an earlier Roger Dearing Phipps, born 1735 in New Haven, who died in 1770. He was supposedly a son of Danforth and Elizabeth (Skillings) Phipps.

There appears, however, to have been another Roger Dearing Phipps who was born in 1782, and who was a son of Lt. David Phipps of Continental Navy fame.

At least one secondary source claims that this is the one who died in 1794 (the claim is that he died on the 25th, while the newspaper article says the 26th). If that was the case, however, he would have been about 12 when he died, not 22.

Still, perhaps the newspaper was wrong and he was actually about 12. Published papers of an historical society in New Haven claim that he died on the 25th and that he was 13. They quote from a New Haven tombstone inscription in Lot 44, Cypress Avenue.

From Papers of the New Haven Colony Historical Society, Vol. 3, New Haven: 1882, p. 573:

Sacred to the Memory
of ROGER DEARING PHIPPS
Son of DAVID & MARY
PHIPPS who departed
this Life the 25th of
September 1794 in the
13th Year of his age . . .

A Virginia and North Carolina Summary

The following sums up, in general terms, some of the connections found which involve, primarily, three locations: (1) Brunswick and nearby Sussex Counties, Virginia, (2) Amelia County, Virginia, and (3) Bute County, later Warren County, North Carolina. In addition, connections will be drawn from these locations to additional locations, especially the North Carolina counties of Wake, Orange, Wilkes, Surry, and Ashe.

We have discussed the importance of Warren County, North Carolina in previous posts. Warren County was formed from a short-lived earlier county, Bute County. Bute County was formed from part of Granville County in 1764.

That part of Granville County, North Carolina was adjacent to Brunswick County, Virginia. Already by 1779, Bute County, North Carolina had disappeared and a big chunk of it became Warren County, North Carolina.

Bute County deed records refer to Joseph “Fips” or “Fipps” and his wife Sarah of Brunswick County, Virginia, who were involved there in land transactions in the early 1770s. In one Bute County deed, James Ransom, Jr. sold land in Bute County to Joseph Fips or Fipps who is specifically referred to as being of Brunswick County, Virginia. This deed is dated 12 February with the year missing, but appears in Deed Book 3 between two deeds both dated 1770.

Then in 1771, James Ransom, Jr. acknowledged a deed to Joseph Fips in Bute County, presumably the same deed. The following year, 1772, was when Joseph Fips or Fipps and his wife Sarah sold Bute County land to Douglas Wilkins and Edmund Wilkins, who we know from other records to have been of Brunswick County, Virginia. Joseph and Sarah Fips or Fipps are specifically referred to as being of Brunswick County, Virginia.

Bute County, North Carolina was so short-lived, and its future was so closely tied to Warren County, that genealogical records of the two counties are often found to be intertwined. The Bute and Warren County, North Carolina records can be highly significant for Phipps or Fips etc. research for several reasons. Some of those reasons have been discussed at length in previous posts, and won’t be recounted here.

Clear connections exist, as discussed in past posts, which link the following family groups:

  • The Brunswick County, Virginia Phipps family with Bute and Warren Counties in North Carolina
  • The Amelia County, Virginia Phipps family with Bute and Warren Counties in North Carolina and with Brunswick County, Virginia
  • The family of Joseph Phipps in Brunswick County, Virginia and that of Benjamin Phipps in Albemarle Parish in Sussex County, Virginia
  • The Brunswick and Sussex Counties, Virginia Phipps family with Wake County, North Carolina, just south of Granville County, and from there to Orange County, North Carolina
  • The Brunswick and Sussex Counties, Virginia Phipps family and intermarried families with Lunenburg, Pittsylvania, and Charlotte Counties, Virginia, and from there into the Surry, Wilkes, and Ashe Counties area of North Carolina
  • The Brunswick and Sussex Counties, Virginia Phipps family directly with the Surry and Wilkes Counties area of North Carolina

A tentative but apparently well-founded hypothesis is that the Samuel Phips who died in Ashe County, North Carolina in 1854 and who was a son in law of George Reeves of adjacent Grayson County, Virginia was somehow connected to this Phips or Fips or Phipps grouping which appears to have more or less emanated from the epicenter of Brunswick and Sussex Counties in Virginia. There is just too much circumstantial evidence to suggest otherwise. What exactly this connection would be, in specific terms, is not yet clear.

We have records of some odd and interesting facts, such as the following (and we could add substantially to this brief synopsis):

In Amelia County, Virginia, Frederick Ford was a surveyor, at least in the 1740s. He was involved during that period with the Amelia County estate of George “Cabaness,” with connection to the family of Capt. Francis Eppes. Various Eppes or Epes or Epps connections have been noted previously, with the father in law of Samuel Phips of Ashe County, North Carolina having been an Epes heir.

Again, Frederick Ford was associated with the estate of George “Cabaness.” The 1732 Jamaica will of Rebecca Shute mentions land at Cape Fear, North Carolina, and was witnessed by George “Cavaniss,” along with John Phipps and Jacob Phipps.

From unconfirmed secondary sources, this George was a mariner also known as “Cabaniss,” and who patented land in Amelia County, Virginia. A “Cabiness” married a daughter of Benjamin Phipps, son of Joseph Phipps of Brunswick County.

The 1786 Amelia County, Virginia will of the Frederick Ford just mentioned was witnessed by John and Tabitha Phipps. In 1780, John Phipps of “Melia County,” evidently a clerk’s error for Amelia County, Virginia, bought 100 acres in Warren County, North Carolina.

The man and wife he bought the land from are also named in an Amelia County, Virginia deed involving the Coleman family, a family associated, in turn, with John Phips or Phipps in an Amelia County, Virginia deed which refers to John as being of Warren County, North Carolina.

Five years after John Phipps bought the 100 acres in Warren County, North Carolina, John Phipps and his wife Tabitha, now described as being of Warren County, North Carolina, sold 100 acres in Warren County to Zachariah Hastings of Amelia County, Virginia.

This 2nd Warren County, North Carolina deed was dated 1785. Tabitha signed with an X. The next year, 1786, John and Tabitha Phipps witnessed the will of Frederick Ford in Amelia County, Virginia, and Tabitha signed with an X. When John first bought the 100 acres in Warren County, North Carolina, he bought it from a man who had been involved with a Coleman, the family just mentioned, in Amelia County, Virginia.

Again, in the early 1770s, Joseph Fips or Fipps and his wife Sarah were specifically referred to as being of Brunswick County, Virginia when they were involved in land transactions in the short-lived Bute County, North Carolina, which soon became Warren County.

Two men involved with Joseph Fipps in these land transactions in Bute County, North Carolina are known from other records as being from Brunswick County, Virginia. One of those two men, Douglas Wilkins, sued Thomas Poythress in Brunswick County in the early 1780s. Thomas Poythress sold land to James Phipps in Brunswick County sometime between 1782 and 1787, based on tax records, although the deed was not found. Thomas Poythress also sold land to a Rives (Reeves); more on the Reeves connection below.

We also have Revolutionary War pension records of a John Phipps who was born in Charles City County, Virginia but who later lived in Amelia County, Virginia. He later came into Orange County, North Carolina, which was formed, in part, from the same Granville County, North Carolina which gave rise to Bute and later Warren Counties.

Perhaps there’s a connection to the fact that then in the late 1760s in the same Orange County, North Carolina, a Regulator petition was signed by John, James, and Joseph Phipps. The exact same 3 names then show up in estate sale records in 1774 in Guilford County, with Guilford having been created in part from Orange in the interim.

Back in the 1740s, there was evidence of a John Fips, Fipps, Phips, etc. in Amelia County, Virginia.  A survey was done in Amelia County during the period 1746 to 1751 for John Fipps, and additional Amelia County records involve John Phips or Fips in 1747. In several 1747 Amelia County deeds, John Fips is associated with Robert Gresham.

A certain Ambrose Gresham was a joint Eppes or Epps heir with George Reeves of Grayson County, Virginia, with George Reeves being the father in law of Samuel Phips in adjacent Ashe County, North Carolina. (Before the 1800 census, Samuel Phips and George Reeves were both in Wilkes County, North Carolina, and before that in Montgomery County, Virginia.)

Again, John Fips, Phips, etc. appears in 1747 records in Amelia County, Virginia. Then in 1748, the name John Phips appears in Lunenburg County, Virginia, listed in a tax record with Tandey (Tandy) Walker. Just the year before, in 1747, Tandy Walker, Sr. sold land to an Epes (Epps) in Goochland County, Virginia. Five years before that, orphans Joseph and Benjamin Fipps were bound to Josiah Burton in that same Goochland County.

This Josiah Burton just mentioned appears to have been closely related to the same Burton family into which George Reeves intermarried. George Reeves was the father in law of Samuel Phips who died in 1854 in Ashe County, North Carolina. Samuel Phips and his wife Elizabeth (Reeves) Phips were heirs of George Reeves in adjacent Grayson County, Virginia.

We’ve discussed at length in various posts how members of the John Phips or Fips family of Lunenburg, Pittsylvania, and Charlotte Counties in Virginia, which we’ve just mentioned, with clear connections to Brunswick County, Virginia, ended up in Surry, Wilkes, and Ashe Counties in North Carolina. The Samuel Phips we just mentioned appears from various bits of circumstantial evidence to have been related in some way to the Phips family which emerged from Brunswick and Sussex Counties in Virginia, with some sort of probable connection to the John Fips or Phips who was associated with Tandy Walker.

As far as the Orange County, North Carolina mentioned above is concerned, Ambrose Phipps shows up there by the time of the 1850 census, having earlier been in Wake County, North Carolina. From will and marriage record transcriptions, it appears that he was a son of Dudley Phipps, who shows up in Wake County records as early as 1809.

Earlier though, in 1800, a Wake County, North Carolina deed involves a land sale to John Phipps of Wake County, North Carolina. The mother of the man John bought the land from appears to have been a Gresham, the name referred to above.

Then in 1807, Julius D. Bennett of Wake County wrote a will. In that will, he names his father, Absalom Bennett. He also names two Phipps women without saying how they were related. Absalom Bennett was of Brunswick County, Virginia, with a Brunswick County chancery case involving himself and Phipps individuals and involving both locations.

In 1790, Absalom Bennett sued Benjamin and Joseph Phipps in Brunswick County, Virginia, with testimony taken from two women living in North Carolina, at least one of whom was in Wake County. Without seeing the original records, perhaps these were the two Phipps women named in the will of Julius Bennett of Wake County, North Carolina, son of Absalom Bennett of Brunswick County, Virginia.

Members of the family of Benjamin Phipps of Sussex County, Virginia, believed to have been a brother of Joseph Phipps of Brunswick County, Virginia, also migrated into Wake and Wilkes Counties in North Carolina.

Richardson, son of Benjamin, was in Wake County by the time of the 1800 census. His brother Jordan was in Wilkes County by roughly around 1800.

Surry County, North Carolina Tax Records

We are indebted to the webmaster of the “A Witcher Genealogy” website, who has sent tax list data from Surry County, North Carolina, including photos of original records. We’ve discussed Phipps and Witcher and Potter connections in Surry County in earlier blog posts.

The 1791 original document shows what is presumably Matthew Phips, but surprisingly listed as “Phips Matthey.” The final letter is clearly formed, with a flourish. He had no acreage recorded, but 1 poll.

The 1809 original document includes a listing for a George Phips, He is listed as “Phips George.” The page includes 5 columns: the individual’s name, “land,” “poles” (polls), “Stud,” and what looks like “Stone” or “Store” or “Stove.” The listing for George Phips indicates that he had 100 acres (100 in the “land” column) and 1 “pole” or poll.

The 1812 original document includes a listing for “Phipps James,” showing 100 acres and 2 polls. Significantly, the page also lists some Potters and Poes, including Raleigh Poe, as discussed in earlier posts.

The original record in 1814 again shows Raleigh “Pow” and one of the Potters, Stephen Potter, Sr., in addition to two Phipps listings. Included are James Phipps and Lewis Phipps. James had 100 acres and 1 poll; Lewis had no acreage listed and 1 poll.

Putting this together with other information from published abstracts which was also sent, yields the following picture. The final column indicates whether or not the original record was consulted.

Year Name Acres Polls Record
1789 Matthew Phips 0 1 Abstract
1790 Matthew Phipps 0 1 Abstract
1791 Matthey Phips 0 1 Original
1809 George Phips 100 1 Original
1812 James Phipps 100 2 Original
1813 George Phips 100 1 Abstract
1813 James Phips 100 1 Abstract
1813 John Phips 0 1 Abstract
1814 James Phipps 100 1 Original
1814 Lewis Phipps 0 1 Original
1815 James Phipps 100 0 Abstract
1816 James Phipps 100 0 Abstract
1816 Lewis Phillips 0 1 Abstract
1818 Berry Phipps 100 1 Abstract
1818 George Phipps 50 1 Abstract
1818 James Phipps 200 0 Abstract
1819 Berry Phips 100 1 Abstract
1819 George Fips 50 1 Abstract

Thomas Phipps and Quaker Candle Makers

An interesting-sounding document is held by the Berkshire Record Office in Reading, Berkshire, England and listed in the National Archives website.

The document is cataloged as “Confessions of Joseph Oram and Thomas Phipps, and deposition of Anne Terrill, relating to the burial of William Dee in a Quaker burial ground, Reading St Laurence.”

This record is dated 1678. St. Laurence, or Lawrence, is one of the parishes in Berkshire. The record concerns the burial of William Dee in a Quaker cemetery.

Margaret Spufford, ed., in The World of Rural Dissenters, 1520-1725 (Cambridge University Press, 1995), refers on p. 410 to the marriage of Elizabeth Dee of Reading being witnessed by William Dee, Elizabeth’s father, and by John Raunce, described as a “leading Quaker” of High Wycombe.

You can read a Quaker book by John Raunce, here. Even William Penn wrote to John Raunce.

We’ve referred in past posts to High Wycombe, which was a very short distance from Hughenden, which was home to the earlier Phips, Phips, Phyppe, etc. religious dissenters known as Lollards. One would suspect a possibility of some sort of connection between the Quakers and the earlier Lollards.

One would assume that this is the same William Dee who left a will dated 13 March 1678, according to a National Archives listing. The year of the will, 1678, is the same as the year as the record associating Thomas Phipps with William Dee, and the will refers to William Dee as a tallow chandler (see the last post).

Are we honing in on a group of Quaker candle makers?