Thanks to Tim Phipps, who wrote an article which appears at the end of this post. That article is titled “Daniel and Willis Phipps – Breckinridge County, Kentucky, & Clay County, Indiana.” That article concerns several individuals, the data regarding whom can be summarized as follows:
- Daniel Phipps
- Born about 1800 Kentucky
Resided 1824 Breckinridge County, Kentucky
Resided 1840 Clay County, Indiana
Resided 1850 Cedar County, Iowa
Died 1880 Guthrie County, Iowa
- John Phipps
- Born about 1803 or earlier
Resided 1824 Breckinridge County, Kentucky
- Reason Redman Phipps
- Born 1824 Breckinridge County, Kentucky
- Samuel Phipps/Fipps
- Born about 1801-1810
Resided 1825-1830, 1840 Breckinridge County, Kentucky
- Willis Phips/Phipps
- Born about 1803 or earlier
Resided 1824, 1825 Breckinridge County, Kentucky
Resided 1830 Meade County, Kentucky
Resided 1840 Clay County, Indiana (if him)
Several Phips or Phipps individuals have appeared in Clay County, Indiana, including some who appear to have been related to the family of Isaiah and Eve (Kennedy) Phips. Isaiah was a son of Samuel Phips of Ashe County, North Carolina. Isaiah and Eve settled early in the 19th century in Lawrence County, Indiana.
Isaiah and his family to have arrived in Indiana a bit earlier than the family of Isaiah’s brother Jesse, who came into Owen County around 1832. Jesse’s son Mathew lived in Owen County while maintaining a store in adjacent Clay County.
Additional relatives who came into these same areas of Indiana – certainly Lawrence County – appear to have derived from the family of John and (Tabitha) Phips/Fips of Virginia, who first migrated into Surry, Wilkes, and Ashe Counties in North Carolina.
It could also be highly significant that a Benjamin Phipps, married to Lethe Williams, was also in Clay County, Indiana. Blanchard’s 1884 history of Clay and Owen Counties names his place of birth as North Carolina. He came into Lawrence County, Indiana by the time of an 1818 land entry, but moved to Clay County in 1834 according to Blanchard.
This was maybe a year or two after the family of Jesse Phips or Phipps, son of Samuel Phips of Ashe County, North Carolina, moved into Clay and Owen Counties. Jesse’s brother Isaiah had already moved to Lawrence County, Indiana, where individuals apparently related to John and Tabitha Fips or Phips of several counties simultaneously in southeast Virginia had also migrated.
Benjamin and Lethe (Williams) Phipps were the parents of Sampson and William of Clay County, who had a Clay County business of sawing lumber for boats used in the then-lucrative White River trade, according to Blanchard. The 1880 census says that Sampson’s father, who would have been Benjamin, was born in North Carolina.
Also coming into Clay County, Indiana by 1831 was Ambrose D. Phipps (his name looks like perhaps “Anubrus” Phips in the 1850 census and “Ambers” in the 1870 census in that county), born about 1805 in Kentucky, with a wife born in Virginia. This uncommon given name may possibly suggest a connection to the family of John and Tabitha again, with their relatives via Joseph Phipps of Brunswick County, Virginia, who may have been their son, coming into the area of Wake County, North Carolina, one of whom was named Ambrose.
Note that this Ambrose was supposedly born in Kentucky very roughly around the same time as Daniel F. Phipps. Daniel was also said to have been in Kentucky, although at least a couple records say Indiana.
With Ambrose in the 1850 census in Clay County, Indiana is 24-year-old Henry “Bolock,” a laborer born in North Carolina. This was the Henry “Bolick” mentioned in Blanchard’s 1884 history of Clay County (p. 417) as bound to “Ambress” D. Phipps when he was “quite young.” Henry was still in Ambrose’s household as late as 1870. The North Carolina origins of Bolick might suggest North Carolina origins for the family of Ambrose, although that appears probable anyway.
Note that the middle initial of that Ambrose was D. Another later Ambrose D. shows up in Union Township, Putnam County, Missouri in the 1870 census. He is believed to have been born in Clay County, Indiana, and was living in the same county (Putnam in Missouri) where Jesse Phips or Phipps, son of Samuel Phips of Ashe County, North Carolina, had died just 5 years previously.
Putnam County is not only the same county where Jesse was living, but the 1860 census (he died of smallpox in 1865) shows him in the same township: Union Township.
This later Ambrose looks as though he was likely a son of yet another Jesse Phipps, who was born in Virginia in 1811 and who died in 1885 in Sullivan County, Missouri. This Jesse appears to fit into the same family, but the presence of more than 2 Jesses in the same area has caused a huge amount of confusion, with, of course, highly confused unsourced information posted on the Internet.
That Jesse, according to the 1880 census, had a brother, Alford, born about 1805 in Kentucky. Again, the earlier Ambrose was also born about 1805 in Kentucky. Here, then, we have yet another Phipps or Phips born around roughly the same period as Daniel and Ambrose and, again, somewhere in Kentucky.
Can Breckinridge County be assumed? When Jesse migrated with his family from Ashe County, North Carolina to Owen County, Indiana about 1832, family stories have the family navigating through the Cumberland Gap, then taking their time and evidently resting for a while somewhere in Kentucky on the way. Were they following in the footsteps of family members who made the same trip earlier?
Descendants of Samuel of Ashe County, North Carolina eventually migrated into parts of northern Missouri and into Iowa. Previously unaccounted for “Phips” individuals in these areas would seem to have perhaps stemmed from Samuel or from John and Tabitha in Virginia. Reason Phipps died in the same county in Iowa where descendants of Samuel Phips of Ashe County, North Carolina were living.
Quite a lot of information regarding the Reason Phipps who is mentioned by Tim in his article and who is summarized above was posted in this blog in a previous post. (An error in that previous post was spotted, by the way: “Family” Phipps in the 1900 census should have been “Emily” Phipps.) Was his middle name actually Redman or Redmon, or is this just something claimed by genealogists?
He is referred to as a deceased Mexican War veteran in the Evening Times-Republican, published in Marshalltown, Iowa, on 12 September 1902:
Iowa at Washington.
Washington, Sept. 12. – . . . The following pensions were granted to Iowans: . . .
Increase, reissue, etc. – . . . Reason Phipps (dead), Bagley, $12 (Mexican war). . . .
Widows, minors and dependent relatives – . . . Emily Phipps, Bagley, $8.
Long after he had moved away and had died, Reason Phipps appeared in a list of Clay County, Indiana veterans of the Mexican War in the Brazil Daily Times, Brazil, Clay County, Indiana, 18 September 1924, p. 4.
From that earlier post and from a photo of the tombstone of Reason R. Phipps, which is posted in Find A Grave, we can derive summary information about him which appears below.
Also, it’s significant to note that others Phipps individuals are buried in the same cemetery with Reason. Certainly not everything posted without sources in Find A Grave can be believed, but tombstone photos, of course, are credible evidence. Reference is made to a Ben Phipps as buried in the same cemetery, but with no dates, no tombstone photo, and no sources indicated. The claim is made that an Eliza (Phipps) Lane, born 1 June 1827 and died 16 September 1899, is also buried there, but again no photo is posted and no sources are indicated.
On the other hand, a photo is posted of a tombstone for a Catharine Phipps, although the photo is small, poor quality, and not clearly readable. (The actual stone itself might not be any more readable.) The approximate birthdate could be derived from the age on the stone, but that is unclear.
The stone for Daniel is recumbent and not entirely readable. Again, the photo is very small, but the name appears to read “DANIEL F. PHIPPS,” followed by “DIED.” Nothing else appears to be readable, except that “OUR FATHER” appears above his name. Dates and other claims are posted in his Find A Grave page, but without sources being indicated. The page does claim that the inscription indicates that he was aged 80, but this is not at all clear from the photo. (Also see this reference to the WPA Cemetery Index.)
Also buried in the same cemetery is a later Willis, who lived from 1863 to 1950. From the 1880 and 1900 federal censuses, as well as the 1885 and 1895 Iowa state censuses, it’s clear that he was a son of Reason. Presumably this individual was named for the earlier Willis.
An online copy of his obituary in the Jefferson Bee, Jefferson, Iowa, is dated 11 July 1950, but is of such poor resolution that it’s difficult to read. That obituary does, however, refer to him as Willis O.L. Phipps of Cedar County, Iowa, and states that he wrote a biographical sketch for the Iowa State Historical Society, of which he was a member. From that life story, the newspaper derived the information that he was Willis Oliver Phipps, son of Reason R. and Emily Phipps.
The following is information regarding Reason R. Phipps:
- Born 27 November 1824 Kentucky, his father born Kentucky, his mother born Virginia
Served in Co. D, 2nd Regiment, Indiana Infantry, Mexican War
Married Mary Murphy (1830-?) 1849 Cedar County, Iowa
Married Emily Burchett (1835-1913) 1858 Cedar County, Iowa
Resided 1880 Dodge [Township? City?], Guthrie County, Iowa
Resided 1885 Dodge [Township? City?], Guthrie County, Iowa
Resided 1895 Guthrie County, Iowa
Resided 1900 Dodge Township, Boone County, Iowa
Died 2 October 1901
Buried Dodge Center Cemetery, Guthrie (The WPA 1930s Graves Registration Survey says Guthrie, while Find A Grave says Bagley), Guthrie County, Iowa
Regarding Breckinridge County, Kentucky, the location associated with this family, it could also be noted that this is adjacent to Indiana, specifically Perry County. Only two small counties intervene between Peryr County and Lawrence County, to the north.
One research question left by the information in the article below concerns what happened to Daniel Phipps between the 1850 census and his death in 1880. Since he appears in the federal census in 1850 in Cedar County, Iowa and was buried in 1880 in Guthrie County, Iowa, one would expect to find him in Iowa state and federal census records in the intervening period.
Such records seemed well hidden, however, with suspicions that a spelling variant could have been involved. Some clues as to his whereabouts were then derived from Willis Phipps’s obituary.
Again, that obit is hard to read, but seems to suggest the following chronology, which would also pertain to his father Reason. Perhaps the migrations of Daniel might have paralleled those of Reason, at least for a while. Again, keep in mind that the text is difficult to read, especially year dates:
- Born 26 January 1862 (tombstone says 1863) Cedar County, Iowa
- Moved Spring 1857 (or 1867?) to Benton County, near Blairstown, with his parents and “the rest of the family,” whatever that means
- Lived in Benton and Iowa Counties from Spring 18[5?]7 until arrived by covered wagon on 22 May 1874 at 5 p.m. (!) in Dodge Township, Guthrie County.
By combining these clues and comparing one known census record for Daniel Phipps, that being the 1850 census, it becomes possible to find the seemingly missing 1870 census entry for him. First, here he is in the 1850 census:
From the 1850 census, Rochester Township, Cedar County, Iowa, 5 September 1850, 204/204:
- Daniel Phipps, 50 [born about 1800], M, farmer, born Kentucky
- Catherine Phipps, 46 [born about 1804], F, Kentucky, could not read and write
- Mary J. Phipps, 20 [born about 1830], F, Illinois
- Nancy Phipps, 17 [born about 1833], F, Indiana
- John W. Phipps, 14 [born about 1836], M, Indiana
- Harriet Phipps, 12 [born about 1838], F, Indiana
- Willis O. Phipps, 8 [born about 1842], M, Indiana
- Louisa Phipps, 22 [born about 1828], F, Kentucky
(Note that the above also suggests that the family was living in Illinois about 1830, then moved to Indiana by about 1833. This is about the same time that Jesse Phips came into Indiana from Ashe County, North Carolina and Benjamin Phipps (and wife Lethe Williams) came into Clay County, Indiana.)
Now compare the 1850 listing with the following, noting that Willis said that the family lived in Benton and Iowa Counties between 18(57?) and 1874. Keep in mind that errors (but oftentimes good guesses, based on a past residence) were extremely, outrageously, common in census records.
Sometimes ages in censuses (compare Harriet’s) were approximations, based on asking a neighbor or a family member who wasn’t sure. Occasionally individuals were unsure themselves when they were born. Household 84/85 was recorded as “Phelps,” while the next house following was recorded as “Phipps.”
From the 1870 census, Honey Creek Township, Iowa County, Iowa, post office at Koszta, Iowa, 30 July 1870, p. 12:
- Daniel Phelps, 70 [born about 1800], MW, farming, real estate blank, personal estate $500, born Indiana
- Catharine Phelps, 68 [born about 1802], FW, keeping house, Kentucky
- Harriet Phelps, 27 [born about 1843], FW, house keeper, Indiana
- John Phipps, 33 [born about 1837], MW, farming, Indiana
- Mary Phipps, 23 [born about 1847], FW, keeping house, Iowa
Note that these are adjacent households, one referred to as that of “Phelps,” the other of “Phipps.”
Clearly, John Phipps in the 1870 census was John W. Phipps in the 1870 census, Harriet “Phelps” in the 1870 census was Harriet Phipps in the 1850 census, and Daniel and Catharine “Phelps” in the 1870 census were Daniel and Catherine Phipps in the 1850 census.
So then where was this Daniel in 1860? Armed with this same information, now it becomes possible to easily make a determination as to a probable culprit, and that hunch proves correct. Daniel “Philipps” appears in the 1860 census in the same county, Cedar County, on the same page as the family of Reason, here called “Reeson Philips:”
From the 1860 census, Sugar Creek Township, Cedar County, Iowa, post office at Pleasant Hill, 2 July 1860, p. 103:
- Reeson Philips, 35 [born about 1825], M, farmer, real estate blank, personal estate $365, born Kentucky
- Emily Philips, 25 [born about 1835], F, Ohio
- Daniel [T?] Philips, 9 [born about 1851], M, Iowa, attended school
- Levi D Phillips, 3/12 [born 1860] M, Iowa
(3 intervening households, then:)
- Daniel Philipps, 56 [born about 1804], M, farmer, real estate blank, personal estate $300, Indiana
- Catharine Philipps, 53 [born about 1807], F, Kentucky, could not read and write
- Harriet Philipps, 20 [born about 1840], F, Indiana
- Willis O Philipps, 17 [born about 1843], M, Indiana, attended school
- Eliza Arnett, 33 [born about 1827], F, Kentucky
Clearly this is the same family.
This demonstrates something which has been a bane to “Phipps” genealogists, and something which, understandably, all of us have been reluctant to confront, that being the presence of radically variant surname forms and spellings in early records. Here is the same family, referred to as Phipps, Phelps, Philips, Philipps, and Phillips. This same family has also been referred to as Fipps.
Armed with this information, it now becomes possible to locate 2 obituaries of Levi D. Phipps. He was listed above, in the 1860 census, as Levi D. Phillips (with 2 L’s in the surname), a son of “Reeson Philips” (with 1 L). Those obits say that Levi D. “Phipps” died at Tekamah, (Burt County), Nebraska, which is where he had been living, at 9 am on 31 December 1916.
He is there identified as having been born 3 February 1860 in Cedar County, Iowa. Note that, as Levi D. “Phillips,” the 1860 census shows him as living in Cedar County and as 3 months old on 2 July 1860. The obits provide information similar to that found for one of the Willises: Levi was born in Cedar County, then moved to Benton County where he resided for 7 years.
Then he moved to Guthrie County. He married Hannah Davis in 1881 and moved to Burt County, Nebraska in 1886. In 1903 he became Burt County, Nebraska Sheriff. In fact, he is mentioned in that capacity and a photograph of him appears, captioned “L. D. Phipps,” in this GenWeb page.
There it is said that he was born in Cedar County, but moved with his parents to Benton County, and then to Guthrie County, and finally, in 1886, to Burt County, Nebraska. This appears to have been taken from a 19th century county history.
Note that one of the obituaries also mentions siblings and tells where they were living when he died at the end of 1916:
- John in Wayne, (Wayne County), Nebraska
- Willis in Bagley, (Guthrie County), Iowa
- Mrs. Artie Schoonover in Charleston, (county unknown), North Dakota
- Hannah who married a Johnson and who lived in “Carrol” (presumably Carroll, Carroll County), Iowa
- Benjamin in Zeona, (Perkins County), South Dakota
- Eli in Bagley, (Guthrie County), Iowa
From Cedar County, Iowa marriage abstracts, it’s evident that Eliza Phipps married John Arnett on 19 December 1850. This would explain the presence of an Eliza Arnett in the Daniel “Philipps” household in 1860:
She was not a boarder or a household servant. Instead, she was a daughter. Since her husband is not present, had they divorced or had he died by this time? (That same marriage page also notes the marriage of Reason Phipps to Mary Murphy on 20 December 1849.)
Putting all this together with the addition of information from the 1880 census listing “R.R. Phipps,” as well as other census records and additional records not described above, we appear to have the following:
- I. Daniel F. Phipps, born about 1800 Kentucky (2 sources say Indiana, 3 if the Daniel T. Phipps record mentioned below is the same Daniel T.), married Catharine/Catherine (born about 1802-4 Kentucky), resided 1824 Breckinridge County, Kentucky, resided 1840 Clay County, Indiana, resided 1850 Cedar County, Iowa, resided 1870 Iowa County, Iowa, died 1880 Guthrie County, Iowa
- A. Reason R. Phipps, born 27 November 1824 Kentucky, married (1) Mary Murphy, married (2) Emily Burchett (one source claims she was Emily Reeves; if so, perhaps one or the other was a married name; we’ve noted Phipps or Phips and Reeves or Rives connections going from Ashe County, North Carolina back into 17th century England), resided 1880-1895 Guthrie County, Iowa, resided 1900 Boone County, Iowa, died 2 October 1901, children:
- Daniel (T.?) Phipps, born about 1851 Iowa, possibly the Daniel Phipps whose middle initial looks like O but which has been transcribed as T, born about 1851 in Iowa, whose father was born in Indiana, residing in Monona County in the 1915 Iowa state census; if this is him, then he was apparently Daniel Taylor Phipps, according to the 1898 Monona County birth record of daughter Edith Odele Phipps; other records show that Daniel as having married Nancy Holliday
- Levi D. Phipps, born 3 February 1860 Cedar County, Iowa, married Hannah Davis, died 31 December 1916 Tekamah, Burt County, Nebraska, buried Burt County, Nebraska; his tombstone is pictured in Nebraska Gravestones
- John Phipps, born about 1861 Iowa, resided 1916 Wayne County, Nebraska; a claim in Find A Grave, without any tombstone photo and without any sources indicated, is that a John R. Phipps, born 1861 and died 1940, is buried in Wayne County, Nebraska in Greenwood Cemetery.
- Willis Phipps, born about 1862 Iowa, resided 1916 Guthrie County, Iowa, buried Guthrie County, Iowa
- Ortie Phipps (daughter), born about 1864 Iowa; Ortie may have been a nickname for who knows what
- Hannah Phipps, born about 1866 Iowa, married a Johnson, resided 1916 Carroll County, Iowa, resided 1940 Guthrie County, Iowa as widowed with brothers Ela and Willis
- Benjamin Phipps, born 1868 Iowa. apparently married Elizabeth Thompson, resided 1900 Burt County, Nebraska, resided 1910 Hamlin County, South Dakota, resided 1916 Perkins County, South Dakota; one unsourced Find A Grave claim is that he was Benjamin Grant Phipps but with no source indicated and no such middle name on his tombstone in Lawrence County, South Dakota
- Ela C. Phipps (son), born about 1869 Iowa, resided 1916 Guthrie County, Iowa where he’s mentioned as “Eli,” resided 1940 Guthrie County, Iowa as single with brother Willis Phipps and sister Hannah Johnson, died 1950, buried Guthrie County, Iowa
- Julia Phipps, born about 1872 Iowa, apparently the person said to have been Julia Ellen Phipps who, it is claimed, married Elbert (“E.W.”) Ramey in 1871 in Guthrie County, Iowa; see here; if this is her she died 24 October 1901 at age 30 and was buried in Carroll County, Iowa; other claims appear in Find A Grave but without sources indicated
- B. Eliza Phipps (presumably daughter of Daniel), born about 1827 Kentucky, married John Arnett 1850, resided 1860 Cedar County, Iowa (in Daniel F. Phipps household without husband), died 29 January 1896 at age 69, buried Tama County, Iowa; see WPA Graves Registration Survey regarding husband
- C. Mary J. Phipps, born about 1830 Illinois
- D. Nancy Phipps, born about 1833-1834 Indiana, married William Triplet or Triplett (said to have been William Greenleaf Triplett, said to have married 1859 Cedar County, Iowa), resided 1880 Guthrie County, Iowa; significantly, he is said (unconfirmed) to have been born near Bowling Green, Clay County, Indiana in 1837; this is the same tiny town where Mathew Phips, son of Jesse Phips and grandson of Samuel Phips of Ashe County, North Carolina, was running a store at the time; Travis’s 1909 history of Clay County, Indiana refers to the Triplett family there with a patriarch named French Lewis Triplett (born 1806) who appears to have married a Baumgartner; perhaps only coincidentally Jesse Phipps settled on the Baumgartner estate in adjacent Owen County, the county where Mathew lived on a farm while keeping his store in Clay County; A William G. Triplett of Iowa appears to have been a Civil War veteran, later residing in Muscatine County, Iowa
- E. John W. Phipps, born about 1836-1837 Indiana, married Mary E., resided 1870 Iowa County, Iowa, resided 1880 Guthrie County, Iowa, children:
- Daniel J. (or I.?] Phipps, born about 1872 Iowa
- F. Harriet Phipps, born about 1838-1843 Indiana, resided 1880 Guthrie County, Iowa as single 40-year-old sister in law and “House maid” in household of William Triplet and his wife Nancy
- G. Willis O. Phipps, born about 1842-1843 Indiana; is he the “W.O. Phipps” who is buried in Vicksburg National Cemetery with a tombstone which reads simply “4562 | W. O. PHIPPS | CORP. | IOWA”?; a Find A Grave page claims that this was a son of Daniel, born 1842 Clay County, Indiana, died 17l June 1863 Walnut Hills, Warren County, Mississippi, etc., but without any sources indicated
The above is in addition to an unplaced Louisa, born about 1828 in Kentucky, who appears in the older Daniel’s household in the 1850 census in such a way that perhaps she was not a daughter.
The article by Tim Phipps, below, mentions some other individuals in Breckinridge County, Kentucky. He shows Daniel, Willis, and John living there in 1824, and each born about 1803 or earlier. Obviously, several persons named Willis were in this family; we’ve already noted one born about 1842-1843, and another born 1862.
Tim also notes a Samuel in Breckinridge County by 1825, who was born about 1804 or earlier. We’ve already noted a Samuel Phips who declined to be guardian and administrator of the estate of Mrs. Angeline Tanner in Breckinridge County much later, in 1868. The same source notes that some of the Tanners were living in the household of one Nicolas Phips in the 1870 census.
Further research concerns seem to center around identifying the parentage of the Daniel F. Phipps who appears as the patriarch discussed above. Research challenges have appeared to center around the fact that he is represented as having been born about 1800 in Kentucky, with Breckinridge County presumed to be a likely location, but with no census records or tax lists available, apparently, for that location in that period.
Perhaps alternative records might crack this, such as deed or will records somewhere else, or a previously undiscovered obituary or biography pertaining to this Daniel or a descendant. The difficulty has been the lack of a record specifically associating him with parents.
Any relevant record might be hidden away under a surname variation. Such a record, such as a deed record suggesting a relationship, might be found in another county in either Kentucky or Indiana, or even in another state.
It should also be noted that this Daniel appears in later census records as follows, with two different birthplaces (although adjacent) and 3 radically different surname variations. These are not just spelling variations, but they represent completely different surname forms.
- 1850: Daniel Phipps, born in Kentucky
- 1860: Daniel Philipps, born in Indiana
- 1870: Daniel Phelps, born in Indiana
Before this family shows up in Breckinridge County, Kentucky records in the 1820s, could they possibly have been in a different area of Kentucky? Could they possibly have been in Pulaski County, farther to the southeast?
That may sound illogical, since it doesn’t follow any sensible migration path, and since it’s adjacent to Wayne County, which has been associated with the family of Joshua Phipps. Joshua (whether justifiably or not) has been treated as a different family or radically different family branch.
Consider the following, however, regarding Pulaski County, Kentucky:
- An Ambrose “Felps” appears there in the 1810 census, along with a Jno. “Felps,” a “Larcin” (Larkin) “Felps,” and a George “Fips”
- Littleberry (“Berry”) Fips/Phipps, clearly related to the Ashe County, North Carolina family, is SAID to have lived in Pulaski County, Kentucky between residing in Surry County, North Carolina and Lawrence County, Indiana, the same location which has been discussed above
If what is said about Littleberry is true, this could be strong evidence that some additional Fips, Phips, Phipps, etc. family members MAY have passed through Pulaski County, Kentucky at some point. Also note the recurrence of the uncommon name Ambrose, in Phipps family members who apparently came from Brunswick County, Virginia into Wake County, North Carolina, in Clay County, Indiana, in Putnam County, Missouri, and with what we’ve already seen with Daniel “Phipps” being represented as Phelps and as “Philipps.”
With that being said, could the Ambrose “Felps” of Pulaski County have possibly been a “Phipps”? Again, we know that a George “Fips” was there at the same time.
This Littleberry has been something of an enigma, and was discussed in a previous post. Since the connection to Pulaski County, Kentucky comes from unsourced Internet claims, it’s possible that he never was there at all.
He shows up in Surry County, North Carolina in the 1820 census as Littlebury Fipps. (Also appearing is what looks like yet another George “Fips.”) Surry County is the same location where the family of Betsy Fips or Phips, daughter of John and Tabitha Phips or Fips of Virginia, moved with her husband Ephraim Witcher.
According to that census, “Littlebury” was born about 1794 to 1804, George Fips was born about 1775 or earlier, and a James “Fipps,” in the same county at the same time, was born about 1775 or earlier.
Again, unsourced claims place Littleberry in Pulaski County, Kentucky. He was called Berry, and might have been the Berry Phelps or Philps who appears in the 1830 census there as having been born about 1780 to 1790.
He then appears in the 1840 census in Lawrence County, Indiana as Berry, born about 1781-1790. Again, Lawrence County, in addition to Clay and Owen County, was a destination for descendants of Samuel Phips of Owen County, Indiana as well as, apparently, John and Tabitha Phips of Virginia.
In 1842 in Lawrence County, Berry Phipps married Sally Perry. The 1850 census shows him there as Berry Phipps, born about 1800 in North Carolina. If he did indeed come through Pulaski County, Kentucky, for some reason, could the family of Daniel Phipps have possibly done the same? That may seem like a long shot, but at this point any lead might seem like a long shot.
Speculation about the name Littleberry makes one wonder if it could be connected to the recurrence of the name among various early Virginia families, including perhaps most noticeably the Epps or Eppes family. “Littleberry,” as a given name, appears with such frequency among various families of various surnames which we’ve been discussing as associated with the Phips or Phipps family, that some genealogists have wondered, over the years, whether there was some family with the surname of Littleberry, regarding which records have not survived. Typically, 18th century Virginia families often derived given names for their children from surnames of relatives, friends, and associates.
The following, then, is Tim’s article:
Daniel and Willis Phipps – Breckinridge County, Kentucky, & Clay County, Indiana
by Tim Phipps
A certain Daniel F. Phipps, who was born about 1800 in Kentucky and died in April of 1880 in Guthrie County, Iowa, has been a researcher’s brick wall for his descendants wishing to trace their Phipps line back to their 18th century origins. This Daniel was living in Clay County, Indiana, per the 1840 Census and later moved to Cedar County, Iowa, by the time of the 1850 Census. Per descendants of this Phipps family, Daniel’s oldest son Reason Redman Phipps was born in Breckinridge County, Kentucky, in 1824. While Daniel’s origins may remain a mystery, a review of county tax lists for Breckinridge Co. sheds some insight into the early movement of this family.
A thorough search of both the 1820 Census and the Tax Lists for 1821, 1822, and 1823 indicates that no one with the Phipps/Fipps surname was living in Breckinridge County. However, the tax list for 1824 reveals three Phipps individuals who had moved into the county after the recording of the 1823 tax list. Details pertaining to them are found on page 42 of the 1824 Tax List and are as follows:
- Phipps, John – no land, 1 white male 21+ yrs old, 1 horse, with total value of $35
- Phipps, Willis – no land, 1 white male 21+ yrs old, 1 horse, with total value of $100
- Phipps, Daniel – no land, 1 white male 21+ yrs old, 1 horse, with total value of $50
Although the names on the tax list are grouped alphabetically by the first letter of each tax payer’s surname, the names are not further arranged in alphabetical order within each surname grouping. Therefore it is significant that Willis and Daniel Phipps are listed adjacent to each other with only a single line separating them from John. Willis Phipps may have been a brother to Daniel, who named one of his sons Willis (b. about 1842 in Indiana). John could have also been related to Daniel and Willis.
Within a year of recording this tax list, Daniel and John Phipps moved out of the county. When the 1825 tax list was created, Willis Phipps along with a Samuel Phipps can be found living in Breckinridge County:
- Page 35 – Phipps, Willis – no land, 1 white male 21+ yrs old, 1 horse, with total value of $50
- Page 36 – Phipps, Samuel – no land, 1 white male 21+ yrs old, 2 horses, with total value of $80
Like Daniel and John before him, Willis Phipps also moved out of Breckinridge County before the compilation on the next tax list in 1826. For the next few years, only Samuel Phipps remained in the county and can be found on the following tax lists:
- 1826, Page 37 – Phipps, Samuel – no land, 1 white male 21+ yrs old, 2 horses, with total value of $60
- 1827, Page 44 – Phipps, Samuel – no land, 1 white male 21+ yrs old, 1 horse, with total value of $60
- 1828, Page 41 – Phipps, Samuel – no land, 1 white male 21+ yrs old, 1 horse, with total value of $30
- 1829, Page 15 – Fipps, Samuel – no land, 1 white male 21+ yrs old, 1 horse, 1 children 4-15yrs old, with total value of $40
While it is possible that this Samuel Phipps may be related to Daniel, Willis, and John, he may also have not been associated with them in any way. Samuel continued as a resident of Breckinridge County for the next decade or so and can be found recorded there in both the 1830 and 1840 census. In 1830, the household of Samuel Phips included two males (one aged 20-29 and one aged 5-9) and five females (one aged 60-69, one aged 20-29, and three aged 5-9). From the age of the oldest male, Samuel would have been born sometime between 1801 and 1810, which puts him close in age to but a little younger than Daniel Phipps who was born about 1800. The much older female living with Samuel may likely have been his mother or the mother of his wife.
By the 1840 Census, Samuel’s family had grown significantly as seen in the size of his Breckinridge Co. household, including four males (one age 30-39, one age 15-19, one age 5-9, and one under the age of 5) and five females (one age 30-39, two age 10-14, one age 5-9, and one under the age of 5). At this point, more research is required on this Samuel Phipps, but a cursory search of the 1850 Census did not yield any further leads for Samuel if he was still living in that year.
As previously noted, Daniel and John Phipps only appeared in Breckinridge County in 1824, and no leads for Daniel have been found in the 1830 Census for Kentucky or Indiana. Willis, on the other hand, appears to have settled briefly in neighboring Meade County, Kentucky, just to the northeast of Breckinridge County. The 1830 household for Willis Phips included three males (one age 30-39, one age 5-9, and one under the age of 5) and one female (age 20-29). This could be the same Willis, who appears in Clay County, Indiana, per the 1840 Census. The household for Willis R. Phipps included two males (one age 30-39 and one age 15-19) and two females (one age 30-39 and one age 5-9). If this is the same Willis in both census records, then his birth within a year or so of 1800. This puts Willis at about the same age as Daniel.
The 1840 household listing for Daniel Phipps in Clay County, Indiana, contained three males (one age 30-39, one age 15-19, and one under age 5) and five females (one age 20-29, one age 10-14, two age 5-9, and one under age 5). More questions remained unanswered regarding this Daniel F. Phipps and his origins. Perhaps a search of Kentucky tax lists for Meade County will provide additional clues related to this Daniel and to Willis Phipps.