A few records have been noted in earlier posts which concern a certain John Phipps of South Carolina who left a 1750 will. In that will, he names his father, John Phipps of “Brails” (Brailes, often “Brayles” in old records) in Warwickshire in England. Certainly not all records pertaining to this family have been located, but a few more have been found (outlined below), which help to place this family in context.
Father: John Phipps, Sr.
Mother: Not named
Children (not in birth order):
- John Phipps, Jr.
- William Phipps
- James Phipps
- Martha Phipps
- Mary Phipps
- Helena Phipps
Regarding John Phipps, Sr.:
John Phipps, Sr. resided in Brailes, Warwickshire, England in 1746, where he was a stonecutter.
Regarding John Phipps, Jr.:
John Phipps, Jr. resided in the province of South Carolina in 1746, when he wrote his will. At that time, he referred to himself as a planter of South Carolina, although a 1743 deed discussed below says that earlier he had been a mason (stonecutter) in Kingston, Jamaica.
His will was proven 22 September 1746. His father was named in his will as beneficiary, as well as siblings in the event of the death of his father. The 1743 deed refers to him as being in South Carolina, however, while his wife was still in Kingston, Jamaica. Perhaps she died by the time of the 1746 will, or perhaps they divorced. No children are mentioned in the will, only his father and his siblings.
A death notice in the Weekly Magazine, or Edinburgh Amusement noted that “lady Phipps, relict of Sir John Phipps,” had died in Kingston on 20 February 1773. “Relict” means widow. None of the other records referenced below refer to John Phipps, Jr. as knighted or his wife as dame, but the 1743 deed associates him with people who were of that status. There was clearly another John Phipps in Jamaica who died later in Jamaica, in 1798, but he could not have been Sir John Phipps. This is because that John wasn’t born until about 1769, about four years before Lady Phipps died.
This John Phipps, Jr. could possibly have been the John Phipps who, along with a Jacob Phipps, had witnessed an earlier Port Royal, Jamaica will in 1732, which names Rebecca Shute as recipient of a plantation in the Cape Fear region of North Carolina. That will was also recorded in North Carolina.
An extremely lengthy but often redundant 1743 deed from Jamaica, which is also recorded in South Carolina, refers to John Phipps selling town lots in Kingston, Jamaica to Lettice Hackett, daughter of Daniel Hackett of Kingston. This appears to be the same John as the John Phipps, Jr. of our discussion. First, he is referred to in the deed as a planter in South Carolina who had been a mason in Jamaica. We know from his 1750 will that his father was a stonecutter. By definition, a mason is a stonecutter, someone who works and builds with stone. Secondly, in the 1743 deed he is referred to as “late of Kingston.” In both this deed and the 1746 will, then, he is referred to as a planter.
The deed is incredibly complex and convoluted, but refers to town lots in Jamaica around the corner of Rosemary Lane and Tower Street. These thoroughfares still exist and are still called by those same names. The corner of Tower and Rosemary is roughly a couple blocks or so north of Port Royal Street. Port Royal Street, as in Port Royal of the 1732 deed, runs along the beach on the south coast of Jamaica.
Various records (some of which have been indexed or abstracted but not yet located) associate this family with the Wragg family, This is especially clear from John Phipps, Jr.’s 1746 will. By extension, this also connects the John Phipps, Jr. family in some way with Benjamin Phipps, the slave-trading sea captain who was discussed in an earlier post. In that post, we discussed bonds which associated ship captain Benjamin Phipps with both Charles Town, South Carolina and with the Wragg family.
Of course, we have also noted in various earlier posts the tendency for various Phipps family members in Virginia and England to have been involved in the lucrative Caribbean trade, including trade in slaves, sugar, and rum. At one point this Benjamin Phipps, aa noted in the earlier post, carried 106 slaves from Barbados to Virginia. He also sailed to South Carolina, where he lived for at least a time. Most of his activities we discussed earlier predate records associated with John Phipps, Jr., which might explain why no record has yet been found which directly associates the two men.
Still, John Phipps, Jr. referred to Joseph Wragg, Jr. and Samuel Wragg, Jr. of Charles Town (Charleston), South Carolina as his “good friends” in his 1746 will. Benjamin Phipps entered into bonds in Charles Town in 1720 which name Joseph Wragg of Charles Town and Samuel Wragg of London.
A post in an online genealogical forum which appears to quote from a 1660 Warwickshire County Quarter Sessions record, dated 1660 at Brayles (Brailes), lists William Phipps one of various inhabitants of Brayles who neglected to pay their levies for church and school repair. He would presumably be related in some way to John Phipps, Jr.’s father John Phipps, Sr. of Brailes in Warwickshire.
From J. Bryan Grimes, Abstract of North Carolina Wills: Compiled from Original and Recorded Wills in the Office of the Secretary of State, Raleigh, North Carolina: E.M. Uzzell & Co., 1910, p. 337:
May 28, 1732. August 12, 1732. Port Royall, in the Island of Jamaica. Daughter: REBECCA SHUTE (plantation in Cape Fear with negroes, etc.). Mother: MARY EARLE. Friend: JNO. EARLE. Executors: MARY and JOHN EARLE. Witnesses: GEORGE CAVANISS, JOHN PHIPPS, JACOB PHIPPS, JOSIAH EASON. Clerk of the Court at Port Royall: LOUIS GALDY. Justice of the Peace, North Carolina: W. BADHAM. Coat of arms on seal.
From Deed Book Z (which appears to be an official handwritten county record book but one copied by hand from another earlier book), Charles Town District, South Carolina:
[original p. 227:]
This Indenture made the Twenty Second day of September in the Seventeenth year of the Reign of Our Sovereign Lord King George by the Grace of God of Great Britain France and Ireland King of Jamaica Lord, Defender of the ffaith [sic; as written] & t. [for etc.?] [annog.?] Domini One Thousand Seven hundred & Forty Three Between John Phipps late of Kingston in Jamacia [sic; as written] aforesaid mason now in Santa [or Sauta?] in the province of South Carolina Planter and Margaret his Wife now in Kingston and Island of Jamacia [sic; as written] aforesaid of the One part and Lettice Hackett daughter and Heiress of Daniel Hackett late of Kingston aforesaid Butcher deced [for deceased?] of the same Place Spinster of the other Part Whereas Our Late Sovereign Charles the Second of Blessed Memory by his Letters Pattents under the broad Seal of this Island bearing date the fourth day of May in the seventeenth Year of his Reign for the Consideration therein mentioned did give and grant unto Saml. Barry late of this Island Esqr. & his heirs one parcell [sic; as spelled] of Land containing Five & Thirty hundred acres Scituate [sic; as spelled] in the Parish of St. Andrews and Island aforesaid commonly called the Crawle bounding Southwest on the harbour [sic; British spelling] northwest on Sevannah [sic; as spelled] East on Major Richard Hope & West on Lieutt. [sic; as abbreviated] Henry Archbold, And Whereas the said Samuel Barry by his deed of Sale bearing date of February in the twenty Second year of his said late Maty’s [as written; abbreviation for “Majesty’s”] Reign did give grant bargain Sell assign & Sett [sic; as spelled] over unto William Bee- [original p. 228:] Beeston Esqr. afterwards Sr. William Beeston Knight his heirs & assigns for Ever all that the above said parcell of Land containing five hundred & Thirty acres, in the said recited Letters pattent [sic; as spelled] mentioned & deed of Sale severally Enrolled in the Office of Enrollments of this Island relation being thereunto Respectively and more fully & plain will appear on which parcell [sic; as spelled] of Land or part thereof (laid out into distinct Lotts [sic; as spelled]) the Town of Kingston hath been since built and now Stands And Whereas Several of these Lotts besides those called Front Lotts which formerly where [sic; “were” obviously intended] in Controversy between Sr. [sic; for “Sir”] Charles Orby and Dame Ann Hopegood his Wife and the Town or the Inhabitants of the Town of Kingston aforesaid and the fee Simple & Inheritance of theirs are Since the death of Dame Jane Moddiford alias Long the only daughter of the said Sr. William Beeston Knight by good and Sufficient Title in the Law become [sic; perhaps miscopied from “became”?] actually & legally Invested in Charles Long the son and heir of the said Dame Jane And Whereas the said Charles Long by his certain Deed or Instrument in Writing purporting a Letter of Attorney dated the ffifteenth [sic; as written] day of May in the 4th year of the Reign of his Maty [sic; abbreviation for “Majesty”] that now is reciteing [sic; as spelled] as therein recited did constitute and appoint his Brother Saml. Long Esqr. The honble. [abbreviation for “honorable”] [Appears to read “Collo;” perhaps an abbreviation for “Colonel”?] George Bennet and Mr. James Knight his true and Lawfull [sic; as spelled] attorneys for him & in his name place & Stead but to his use to bargain Sell or dispose of his several Lotts of Land in or near the Town of Kingston in this Island which then remained unsold or undisposed of either together or in parcells unto such person or persons and for Such Rates and prices as his said attorneys or any Two of them should think fitt [sic; as spelled] and could gett [sic; as spelled] for the same and when Sold for him & in his place & Stead and as his act and deed to bargain Sell remise release convey and assure the Lott or Lotts parcell or parcells of Land to the person or persons who should buy the same by such good lawfull Conveyances and assurances in the Law as his said Attorneys should think fitt and be advised And Whereas the said Charles Long by his deed of Sale bearing date the fourth day of October in the year of our [original p. 229:] Our Lord One Thousand Seven hundred and Thirty for the Consideration therein mentioned and to the Intent to [barr?] all Estates in [Tail?] and remainder in [Tail?] thereon depending in the herein after [sic; hereinafter] granted bargained and Sold or meant mentioned or Intended to be granted bargained and Sold Lotts of Land did grant bargain Sell alien enfeoffe and confirm unto the said John Phipps his heirs and assigns for Ever all those two Lotts or parcells of Land of him the said Charles Long scituate lying & being in the Town and parish of Kingston aforesaid laid out in one parcell Each of said Lotts being in length from East to West One hundred & fifty feet and in breadth from North to South Fifty feet bounding north on Tower Street South on Land not Sold East on Land of the said Charles Long next to the hospital land and West on Rosemary Lane and are the 283d & 284th Lotts from the Court house in Kingston aforesaid neither of them being part or parcell of the Lands lately in Controversy between Sr. Charles Orby Baronet & Dame Ann Hopegood his wife Relict of Sr. William Beeston deceased and the Town or Inhabitants of the Town of Kingston aforesaid nor any part of the Lands and Tenements in the power of Attorney aforesaid by the said Charles Long executed excepted or Excluded from being Sold as in and by the said deed of Sale & Letter of Attorney duly enrolled in the Office of Enrollments of this Island relation being thereunto had may [sic; as written], plainly & more fully appear Now This Indenture Witnesseth that the said John Phipps and Margaret his Wife Relict of the said Daniel Hackett as well for the natural Natural [sic; as written] affection as the Consideration of the Sume [sic; as spelled] of Thirty Pounds Jamaica Currency to them in hand well & truly paid by the said Lettice Hackett or her assigns at or on the Endealing and delivery of these presents the receipt whereof the said John Phipps and Margaret his Wife do hereby acknowledge and thereof and of every part and parcell thereof doth hereby clearly and absolutely acquitt [sic; as spelled] Exonerate and and [sic; word repeated] discharge the [original p. 230:] the said Lettice Hackett her heirs & Exors [i.e. executors] and administrators for ever by these presents hath Granted Bargained Sold Aliened enfeoffed and Confirmed and by these presents Do clearly and absolutely grant bargain sell Alien enfeoffe and Confirm unto the said Lettice Hackett her heirs and Assigns for ever All the above mentioned Two Lotts of Land together with all the Edifices thereon Erected or to be erected ways watercourses, Wells, of Water, Emoluments and appurtenances Thereunto belonging or in any wise appertaining and all the Estate right Title Interest use property & Possession trust Claim and demand whatsoever of them the said John Phipps & Margaret his wife of in and to the above mentioned Two Lotts of Land and premises hereby granted bargained and Sold or meant mentioned so to be together with their and every of their appurtenances with the reversion & reversions remainder and remainders thereof To have and To hold the said Two Lotts of Land and premisses [sic; as spelled] being in Length from East to West One hundred and Fifty feet and in breadth from North to South Fifty feet bounding north on Tower Street South on Land not Sold East on Land of the said Charles Long next to the hospital Land & West on Rosemary Lane and are the 283th Lotts of Land East from the Court house in Kingstone [sic; as spelled] aforesaid, with all Edifices thereon Erected or to be Erected, ways, watercourses wells of Water and all the other premises hereby granted bargained & Sold & every part & parcel thereof unto the said Lettice Haskett [sic; as spelled] her heirs and assigns for Ever to the absolute use and behoofe [sic; as spelled] of her the said Lettice Jackett her heirs and assigns for Evermore without any manner of Condition or revocation in any wise, And the said John Phipps & Margaret his Wife for themselves their heirs Executors & assigns & for every of them do Covenant promise grant & agree to and with the said Lettice Hackett (at & Immediate of before the Ensealing and delivery of these presents Indenture of Sale) are [original p. 231:] are the sole Owners & Proprietors of the said two Lotts of Land with the messuages & appurtenances thereof and are Solely rightfully & absolutely Seized thereof of a good pure absolute & Indefeazible [sic; as spelled] Estate of Inheritance in ffee [sic; as written] Simple and that without any Condition contingent provisoe [sic; as spelled] or Limitation of use or uses or other restraint or any matter or thing to determine alter or Change the same & that shall Continue so Seized thereof & of every part thereof untill [sic; as spelled] a good perfect & absolute Estate thereof be Vested in the said Lettice Hackett her heirs and assigns for Ever according to the true Intent & meaning of these presents And also that the said Two Lotts of Land hereby granted or mentioned or Intended to be granted as aforesaid now are and from henceforth for ever hereafter shall remain & be unto the said Lettice Hackett her heirs and assigns for Ever clear and free & freely & clearly & absolutely acquitted freed Exonerated & discharged of and from all & all manner of former and other Gifts grants bargains Sales titles charges & Incumbrances [sic; as spelled] whatsoever (The Quitt [sic; as spelled] Rents from henceforth to become due & Payable to our Sovereign Lord the King His Heirs & Successors only Excepted and Foreprized [sic]) In Witness whereof the party to this Indenture first nominate have Sett [sic; as spelled] their hands & Seals for the further Security of this Conveyance) [2nd closing parenthesis]
[signed:] John Phipps (L.S.)
Signed sealed & [at?] delivered as his act & Deed by John Phipps above named party to these presents In presence of [signed:]
At [Quigston? Miscopied from Kingston?] Jamacia [sic; as spelled]
Signed Sealed & delivered as her act & Deed by Margaret Phipps above named party to these presents
In presence of [signed:] [blank] (L.S.)
Berkley County Before Jacob Motte Esqr. One of his Majesties Justices assigned [original p. 232:] assigned to keep the Peace in said County Personally appeared John Dart one of the Witnesses to the Within Deed who being duly Sworn declareth that he was present and Saw the within party John Phipps Sign Seal and as his act and Deed Deliver the within Deed and also saw John Fry and George Smith the other Witnesses Sign thereto Sworne [sic; as spelled] to the 27th day of March 1744 Before [signed:] Jacob Motte
Registers Office 30th March 1744
Recorded in This Office in Book Z From Page 227 To Page 232:
[pr?] James Mickie Dep Pub Reg [i.e. Deputy Public Register or Registrar?]
Part of this deed might be more understandable by inclusion of the following.
From “Jamaica” section in J.H. Lawrence-Archer, Monumental Inscriptions of the British West Indies, London: Chatto and Windus, 1875, p. 60-61:
Sir Thomas Modyford, like his brother, Sir James Modyford, Bart., was also Governor of Jamaica. He was created a baronet March 1st, 1663-4; married Elizabeth, daughter of Lewin Palmer, Esq., of Devonshire; and died in Jamaica, according to his epitaph, in 1679.
His successors matched with the families of Sir Thomas Norton, Bart., Guy of Barbados, Hathenstall of London, and lastly, of Sir William Beeston, Knt., Governor of Jamaica, whose daughter and heiress, Jane, married Sir Thomas Modyford, fifth and last Baronet, and on the death of the latter she married Charles Long, Esq., of Jamaica.
From Charles Town District, South Carolina Record of Wills, 1740-1746:
In the Name of God, Amen.
I John Phipps of the Province of South Carolina Planter being Weak in Body but of sound and disposing mind (thanks be to God) do make and ordain this to be my Last Will and Testament in manner and form following that is to say my Will and desire is that my whole Estate both Real and personal be sold and disposed of by my Executors hereafter mentioned, so soon after my decease as in their discretion they shall think most proper and advantagious [sic; advantagneous] and I do give and devise unto my Father John Phipps of Brails in Warwickshire in the Kingdom of Great Brittain [sic; Britain] stone Cutter the whole Clear Produce of my Estate both real and Personal after my Funeral Charges just Debts and the Legacies hereinafter mentioned are fully discharged and paid and my Will and desire is in Case of the Death of my Father John Phipps aforesaid that the whole produce of my Estate as above devised unto him be equally divided between my Brothers William Phipps James Phipps my sisters Martha Phipps, Mary Phipps and Helena Phipps to each and every one of them an equall [sic; equal] dividend, the whole being into five equal parts divided
I also Give and devise unto my good freinds [sic; friends] Robert Austin Esqr. Joseph Wragg Junr. and Samuel Wragg Junr. of Charles Town Merchants to each of them the Sum of fifty pounds Current money of South Carolina to be paid them by my Executors
I nominate Constitute and appoint the Hon. Joseph Wragg Esqr. and Robert Austin Esqr. to be the Executors of this my last Will and Testament, whereof I have hereunto set my hand and Seal this 17 Day of August in the Year of our Lord One thousand Seven hundred and Forty Six.
[signed:] John Phipps (SEAL)
Signed Sealed Published and declared by the Testator to be his last Will and Testament in presence of us the [p. 341:] underwritten Witnesses who in his presence and at his Request have Subscribed our names as witnesses hereunto.
Joseph his R mark Rodos.
This will was proved by Virtue of a Dedimus before Thomas Monck To him directed the 22d. day September 1746 and also qualified Robert Austin one of the Executors therein named.
Recorded 26 Sepr. 1746.
Not mentioned in the 1746 will of John Phipps, Jr., above, is anyone named Joseph Phipps, yet someone of that name left a will not very far away in Colleton County, in 1750. That will is discussed, with a transcription, in an earlier post.
In that will, Joseph refers to his wife Ann and his son William, who was under 14 years old. He also mentions his two daughters in law, Susannah (Phipps) Stanyarne and Ann (Phipps) Stanyarne, as well as his brother in law William Steads.
Regarding the Stanyarnes, the 1752 Colleton County will of William Hext, discussed below, was witnessed by Sarah Stanyarne and Anna Phipps. This Anna would seem likely to have been Joseph’s wife Anna. One would think it likely that this Joseph Phipps family of Colleton County was related in some way to John Phipps of Charles Town, but if so, we have no direct evidence.
From A.S. Salley, Jr., “Hugh Hext and Some of his Descendants,” South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Magazine, Vol. 6, No. 1, January 1905, p. 34:
Will of William Hext, of John’s Island, Colleton County, planter, made April 24, 1752, and recorded May 24, 1754, gave wife, Mary, seventeen negroes, two riding horses, his whole stock of cattle, sheep and hogs and his canoe, together with the tract of land whereon he then lived, with his household goods and furniture and his carbine and silver watch, but in case of her death without heirs, the said property to go to his mother, Sarah Hext, his “two brothers,” Alexander and David Hext, and sister, Sarah Buchanan; gave brother, Alexander, his saddle holsters and pistols; appointed friend, Edward Fenwick, executor, and wife executrix. Witnesses: Benj. Walls, Sarah Stanyarne and Anna Phipps. In a postscript he gave his wife two new suits of clothes and all of his linen. Witnesses: John Williams, Alexander and David Hext. (P. C. R., C. Co., Book 1752-56, pp. 189-190.)
From The Weekly Magazine, or Edinburgh Amusement, Edinburgh, Scotland, 4 March 1773, p. 320:
DEATHS. . . .
Jan. 9, 1773. . . .
Feb. 25. . . .
20. At Kingston, lady Phipps, relict of Sir John Phipps, Bart. [Baronet]
1793 and 1798
From “Parish of St. Andrew’s, St. Andrew’s Parish Church” in Jamaica section in J.H. Lawrence-Archer, Monumental Inscriptions of the British West Indies, London: Chatto and Windus, 1875, p. 254:
[Inscription number] 109.
JOSEPH BARTON PHIPPS, OB. 30th JUNE, 1793, AET. 30 Y., 1 M., 29 D.
JOHN PHIPPS, DIED 9th MARCH, 1798, AGED 29 Y., 8 M., 5 D.
The abbreviation “aet.” indicates age at death. From the above, it becomes evident that Joseph Barton Phipps was born about 1763, and that John Phipps was born about 1769. Note that the Naitonal Archives, in its index of wills from the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, also refers to the will of John Phipps of St. George Island of Tobago in the West Indies, dated 1796. No will for John Phipps, Sr. at Brailes in Warwickshire seems to turn up in their index, by the way.
Past posts, for more reading:
- Benjamin Phipps of South Carolina: Slave Trading Sea Captain
- Examining Two Early North Carolina Wills
- Will of John Phipps, Charleston District, South Carolina, 1746
- Will of Joseph Phipps, Charleston Dist., South Carolina, 1750