James Phipps was born about 1795 and was drafted in 1813 in Russell County, Virginia during the War of 1812. The application of James Phipps for bounty land based on his War of 1812 service was rejected, evidently because he had deserted. He was living in Mahaska County, Iowa when he made his application in 1851.
One of our readers recently scanned the Phipps bounty land applications at the National Archives and made them available as a volunteer by posting them in the National Archives website. (Go to the records section and type “Phipps bounty land” in the search box.) Here is an excerpt from the file for James Phipps:
State of Iowa
Mahaska County, ss.
On this Fourteenth day of February A D One thousand Eight hundred and fifty one, personally appeared before me, Micajah [T.?] Williams, Clerk of the District Court within and for the County and State aforesaid James Phipps, aged Fifty-Six years, a resident of Mahaska County in the State of Iowa, who being duly sworn according to Law, declares that he is the identical James Phipps who was a private in the Company Commanded by Captain John Hammons in the (He does not recollect the number of the Regiment) of the Virginia Militia, Commanded by Colonel Boothe until his promotion & then by Col. McClanahan in the War with Great Britain declared by the United States on the 18th day of June, 1812, That he was drafted at Russel County Virginia under Capt. Fuget, on or about the 20th of October, A D 1813, but remained at home until the 4th day of August 1814, before being Called into actual service – That he was drafted for the term of Six months, and Continued in actual service in said war for the term of six months and was honorably discharged at Ft. Nelson on the 12th or 13th day of February 1815, as will appear by the muster rolls of said Company That he received a Certificate of discharge about the time of the term of his service expired, but that he has long since lost the same so that he cannot present it herewith – From the fact of his inability to state the No. of his Regiment, he states in lieu thereof, that his Reg. was under the Command of Genl. Porter, and that the 1st Lieutenant of his Company [page break] was Robt. Dickerson – (or Dickison) –
He makes this declaration for the purpose of obtaining the bounty land to which he may be entitled under the “Act granting bounty land to certain officers and soldiers who have been engaged in the military service of the United States,” passed September 28th 1850.
James his X mark Phipps
Sworn to and and [sic; word repeated] subscribed before me the day and year above written –
And I hereby Certify, that I believe the said James Phipps to be the identical man who served as aforesaid, and that he is of the age aforesaid –
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and affixed the seal of said District Court, this 14th day of Feby. af[?d [for aforesaid?] –
Micajah [T.?] Williams,
Clerk Dist. Court.
Since Mahaska County, Iowa is not that far from Lee County, could this James have been the one who shows up twice in the 1850 census, in both Lee and Decatur Counties in Iowa? That James is discussed in past posts as married to Tamer. (See here, for instance.)
An Iowa death certificate for Clara May Reynolds, who died 21 February 1931 in Decatur County, refers to her parents as James Phipps, born in Kentucky, and Tamar Ann Doan, born in Tennessee. Clara was born 14 April 1840 in Missouri. Errors in birthplaces of parents are common in death certificates, and represent someone’s best guess.
The earlier post explains that Tamer (or Tamar, etc.) has often been represented by genealogists as though Rosengrant was her maiden name, while it appears more likely that her maiden name was Doan (or Doane, etc.) Again, as just noted, Clara’s death certificate asserts that her mother’s maiden name was Doan. Censuses refer to the James who married Tamer as born in Virginia around 1795-1800, and Tamar as born in Virginia, Canada, or Ohio about 1796-1808.