Littleton (“Litt”) Phipps was a son of Benjamin Phipps who was, in turn, a son of Joseph Phipps of Brunswick County, Virginia who married Sarah Williams. Mrs. Howard Woodruff, in her book on The Descendants of Joseph Phipps, says that Littleton Phipps “was added to the transcript” of his father’s will, but without making this clear.
Mrs. Woodruff notes that the 1820 census in Brunswick County, Virginia referred to a son in the household of Benjamin Phipps who was born 1810-1820, and she believed that this was Littleton.
A record as abstracted in a 1985 issue of Southwest Virginian refers to an individual named Littleton in 1830 under “Removals from Delinquent Militia Fine Lists” pertaining to Southampton County, Virginia, The listing for Littleton Phipps there is followed by the notation “Brunswick.” This seems to evidently suggest that he moved from Southampton to Brunswick. The counties are extremely close together.
Other family members migrated to Baker County, Georgia, and Littleton appears there in the 1840 census. He is said to have moved to Georgia from Virginia sometime around the early 1840s. If this is him, however, then he moved there by 1840.
From the 1840 census, Albany District, Baker County, Georgia:
Free white males:
1 30-40 [born about 1800-1810]
As far as Littleton moving to Georgia by 1840 is concerned, however, an index listing at the Library of Virginia for an 1848 Brunswick County chancery case refers to R.H.H. Wallton as the plaintiff and Littleton Phipps et al. as the defendant.
Cabiness is another surname mentioned in those records. Littleton’s sister Elizabeth married William C. Cabiness.
Of course, it still would have been possible, however, that Littleton had moved on to Georgia, or there could have been two persons named Littleton.
Additionally, the name Walton (compare R.H.H. Wallton in the chancery case) appears in connection with a Phipps family in early Georgia. Perhaps it’s just coincidence, but a Buhama “Phibbs” married Timothy Walton in Lincoln County, Georgia in 1806, with her name spelled as “Phibbs” in the county record. Then in 1841 in the same county, Thomas F. “Phipps” married Rheulina Walton. Lincoln County is fairly close to Baker County.
The name of Littleton “Pippes” appears in several pages of the slave schedule in the 1850 census in Baker County, Georgia. He also appears in the population schedule. There he’s shown as working as an overseer for Paul E. Tarver, a planter with real estate worth $50,000.
From the 1850 census, 1st District, Baker County, Georgia, 31 August 1850:
- George W Lunsford, 28 [born about 1822], male, farmer, real estate $500, born Georgia
- Nancy Ann Lunsford, 23 [born about 1827], female, Georgia
- Catherine Lunsford, 1 [born about 1849], female, Georgia
- Paul E. Tarver, 26 [born about 1824], male, planter, real estate $50,000, born Georgia
- Littleton Phipps, 46 [born about 1804], male, overseer, Virginia, could not read and write
- John Lunsford, 4 [born about 1844], male, Georgia
The connection to the Lunsfords, with a young Lunsford boy being in the same household as Littleton Phipps and more Lunsfords next door, is unknown. A web page says that according to a DAR line, the father of Paul E. Tarver, the individual for whom Littleton Phipps was acting as overseer, was Hartwell Hill Tarver.
Connections to the Hartwell or Heartwell family, from whom the given name was doubtless derived, have been noted elsewhere. Hartwell Hill Tarver, according to the web page, was born in 1791 in Brunswick County, Virginia, the same location where Littleton Phipps was from. A photo of a rather elaborate tombstone for Paul E. Tarver appears in Find A Grave. He is said to be buried in Dougherty County, Georgia.
He was presumably the “L Phipps” listed in the 1860 census in Baker County, Georgia. No one else was with him in the household.
From the 1860 census, Newtin (Newton) District, Baker County, Georgia, with post office at Newtin (Newton), 7 July 1860, p. 105, #147/147:
- L Phipps, 50 [born about 1810], male, [race blank, signifying white], farmer, real estate $2,000, personal estate $14,000, born Virginia
The 1870 census shows him as living there and as having been born in Virginia. Although Littleton Phipps was white according to the census, his household is followed by two other households containing mulatto families named “Phipps” and “Phipcs.” Littleton is said to have fathered several mulatto children.
A descendant noted in a comment in this blog that when Littleton died, there was an effort to keep him from being buried with his mulatto family members.
If this is him below, in the 1870 census, then who was Cooper Phipps, a contemporary?
From the 1870 census, Baker County, Georgia, with post office at Newton, 10 June 1870, p. 35:
- Littleton Phipps, 64 [born about 1806], male, white, farmer, real estate $2,500, personal estate $1,000, born Virginia, could not read or write
- Cooper Phipps, 58 [born about 1812], male, white, farmer, Virginia
- Many [or Marry?] Phipps, 55 [born about 1815], female, mulatto, house keeper, born Maryland, could not read or write
- Ha[rie?]tt Phipps, 27 [born about 1843], female, mulatto, at home, Georgia, could not read or write
- Thomas Phipps, 25 [born about 1845], male, mulatto, house carpenter, real estate [blank], personal estate $250, Georgia
- Richard Phipps, 23 [born about 1847], male, mulatto, farm laborer, Georgia, could not read or write
- George Phipcs, 21 [born about 1849], male, mulatto, farm laborer, real estate [blank], personal estate $100, Georgia, could not read or write
- Joseph Phipcs, 20 [born about 1850], male, mulatto, farm laborer, Georgia, could not read or write
- Henry Phipcs, 18 [born about 1852], male, mulatto, farm laborer, Georgia, could not read or write
- Rilla Phipcs, 15 [born about 1855], female, mulatto, at home, Georgia, could not read or write
- Mary J Phipcs, 13 [born about 1857], female, mulatto, at home, Georgia, could not read or write
Note that the George Phipps listed above, born about 1849, would appear to be the individual referred to in a Georgia death certificate as George Phipps, born about 1848 in Baker County, Georgia. His parents are listed on the certificate as “Litt Phipps,” birthplace unknown, and “Mary Phipps,” birthplace unknown.
The “Many” or “Marry” Phipps living next door to Littleton in the census above would appear to be the woman who fathered at least some of his children. If so, having her live next door might have been a way to deal with local racial taboos, and he would not have been the only 19th century person to do so in this manner.
Henry and George, both listed above, were clearly sons of Littleton, and the same can probably be assumed of the others in the 3rd household.
A legal notice appearing in The Georgia Telegraph, published at Macon, Georgia on Tuesday, 14 July 1874, p. 3, listed sheriff’s sales in Baker County, Georgia. That ad indicated that lots 114 and 128 in the 8th district of Baker County, which had belonged to Littleton Phipps, were to be sold. This was to satisfy 3 “fi fas” against Littleton Phipps.
The term “fi fa” (sometimes “fi. fa.”) is an abbreviation for fieri facias. This is writ of execution after a judgment in a legal matter. Frequently this meant that the sheriff was ordered to sell property in order to satisfy a debt.
In this case, the sheriff had 3 such orders “in my hands,” as he put it. One was to satisfy R.T. Lyon, and the other 2 were to satisfy Eubanks Pompkins and H.I. Cook & Son.
Littleton Phipps or Fips of Baker County, Georgia appears to have died there in either 1874 or 1875.
He is mentioned as deceased in a newspaper legal notice published on 26 January 1875 in The Georgia Telegraph, Macon, Georgia. James P. Broadaway, referred to as an official “Ordinary” of Baker County, advertised that he had become aware that the estate of Littleton Phipps, “late of said county, deceased,” was “unrepresented.”
Broadaway was therefore advertising that relatives and creditors should present themselves by the 1st Monday in March to show why the county should not appoint someone to administer the estate. This person would be the clerk of the Superior Court, “or some other fit and suitable person.”
Then on 6 April 1875, another legal notice appeared in the same paper. In this one, an administrator, B.F. Hudspeth, had been appointed. He advertised that anyone with debts to the estate of Littleton Phipps, “late of said county, deceased,” should make payment to Hudspeth.
Other sources make it clear that B.F. Hudspeth was the county court clerk. This suggests that no relatives could be found who would have been deemed suitable to administer the estate. One would have to guess that this was possibly due to racial prejudices of the time, vis-a-vis the black or mulatto identity of his other family members.
Hudspeth then advertised in the same paper, beginning on 24 June 1876, that any claims against the estate should be not only presented, but presented as authenticated. Those in debt were also to make “immediate payment.” He signed the notice as “B. F. HUDSPETH, Administrator of L. Phipps.”
Then in the same paper beginning on 15 August 1876, another legal notice was repeated which announced Baker County sheriff’s sales. The ad noted that on the 1st Tuesday in September, property which had belonged to Littleton Phipps was to be sold at Newton.
This consisted of about 60 head of cattle. They were marked with a crop and hole in the left ear, and a crop and 2 splits in the right ear. This was to satisfy fi fas issued against Littleton and in favor of H.J. Cook & Son, Eubanks Tompkins, and R.S. Lyon.
The Baker County sheriff ran another ad in the same paper on 8 May 1877, repeated on the 15th. He announced that he would be selling at the courthouse door in Newton land which had belonged to Littleton Phipps.
To be sold on the 1st Tuesday in June was lot 128 in the 8th district of the county. This was to satisfy a debt to B.B. Bower and E.C. Bower, administrators of J.E. Bower v. B.F. Hudspeth as Littleton’s administrator.
The sheriff then began repeating another legal notice in the same paper, beginning on 7 August 1877. This one announced that on the 1st Tuesday in September, he would sell additional property which had belonged to Littleton Phipps. To be sold were a bay mule named Pigeon, a 2-horse wagon, a sugar mill, and 2 kettles. This was to satisfy a debt to Eubanks Tompkins.
Littleton’s wife or partner Mary, plus other family members, appear in the 1880 census in Baker County, Georgia. Littleton had, of course, died by this time. His son Littleton, a mulatto, does appear, however.
From the 1880 census, 8th Militia, 2nd Enumeration and District 971, Baker County, Georgia, 10 and 11 June 1880 [the Phipps family enumerated on the 11th], p. 21:
- Mary Phipps, black, female, 60 [born about 1820], single, farmer, could not read or write, born Maryland, her father born “Ma,” her mother born “Ma” [presumably “Ma” meant Maryland, but this isn’t entirely clear]
- Cindy Phipps, mulatto, female, 20 [born about 1860], daughter, single, farm laborer, Georgia, Virginia, “Ma”
- Jane Phipps, mulatto, female, 19 [born about 1841], daughter, single, farm laborer, Georgia, Virginia, “Ma”
#223/223: [Allen Cartliff or Caitliff household]
- Thomas Phipps, mulatto, male, 38 [born about 1842], single, carpenter, Georgia, Virginia, “Ma.”
- Richard Phipps, mulatto, male, 36 [born about 1844], single, farmer, Georgia, Virginia, “Ma.”
- George Phipps, mulatto, male, 33 [born about 1847], married, farmer, Georgia, Virginia, “Ma”
- Louisa Phipps, black, female, 32 [born about 1848], married, keeping house, Georgia, Georgia, Georgia
- Kizzie Ellis, black, female, 14, stepdaughter, single, farm laborer, Georgia, Georgia, Georgia
- Littleton Phipps, black, male, 6/12 [age 6 months], born November, son, single, Georgia, Georgia, Georgia
[page break – p. 22 – 11 June 1880]
- Joseph Phipps, mulatto, male, 30 [born about 1850], single, farmer, Georgia, Virginia, “Ma.”
- Henry Phipps, mulatto, male, 23 [born about 1857], married, farmer, Georgia, Virginia, “Ma”
- Francis Phipps, black, female, 21 [born about 1859], wife, married, keeping house, South Carolina, South Carolina, South Carolina
- Mary R Phipps, black, female, 5/12 [age 5 months, born December, daughter, single, Georgia, Georgia, South Carolina
- Lewis Bailey, black, male, 14 [born about 1866], brother in law, single,farm laborer, Georgia, Georgia, South Carolina
Children of Littleton Phipps and Mary:
1. George Phipps
George Phipps was born about 1849 in Georgia according to the 1850 census, which lists him as a mulatto, and about 1848 in Baker County, Georgia according to his death certificate. The death certificate refers to his parents as “Litt Phipps” and Mary Phipps, with the birthplaces of both unknown.
When George died in 1923, he had been living at RFD (Rural Free Delivery), Newton, Baker County, Georgia, according to his death certificate. He had lived in the community for 50 years, according to the same source.
He died 31 December 1923 at RFD, Newton, according to his death certificate. That source refers to the cause as “old age – worn completely out – Senile Colitis.” He is referred to on the certificate as a farmer and as a black male, married to Louisa Phipps. The informant on the death certificate was Litt Phipps, Jr. at Newton.
George was buried, according to the death certificate, in Phipps Cemetery in Baker County, Georgia, on 1 January 1924.
2. Joseph Phipps, Jr.
He was presumably a son of Littleton Phipps. He was born about 1850 according to the 1870 census, where he is listed as Joseph “Phipcs.” He was born about 1850 and his father born in Virginia according to the 1880 census, where he is listed as Joseph Phipps. He is listed as a mulatto in both 1870 and 1880.
The 1900 census shows him as Joseph Phipps in Baker County, Georgia, born August 1851 and married about 1881 to Katie, his wife who is shown with him. In 1870 he was listed as a mulatto, but as black in 1880. With him are his children Charlie, Joseph, Henry, Heather, Lizzie, Richard, Julia, and Champion. Champion appears in other records as Champ.
3. Litt Phipps, Jr.
LItt Phipps, Jr. is listed as the informant on the death certificate of his brother George Phipps. That certificate refers to George’s parents as Litt and Mary Phipps. On 31 December 1923, when George died, Litt Jr. was living at Newton, Georgia, according to the death certificate.
4. Henry Phipps, Jr.
Henry Phipps is said by a descendant to have been a mulatto son of Littleton Phipps. He was born in 1854 in Baker County, Georgia according to his death certificate, or about 1852 in Georgia according to the 1850 census.
Henry is referred to on his death certificate as a “Colored” and widowed male, with occupation listed as “none.” His parents are listed on his death certificate as “Littletin Phipps,” born in Virginia, and “Mary Dont Know,” birthplace unknown. The informant was Tom Phipps on Route 4 at “Newtin” (Newton), Georgia.
Henry died at 8:30 am on 2 February 1935 of chronic nephritis (which he had for 2 years), with terminal broncho pneumonia (which he had for 2 days), according to the death certificate. He was 81 according to the death certificate. He died at “Newtin” (Newton) in Baker County, Georgia.