Clay County, Kentucky Tax Lists

Thanks to Tim Phipps for sharing the following article!

Phipps on Tax Lists for Clay County, Kentucky
by Tim Phipps

In the previous analysis of the Phipps individuals in the tax lists for Knox County, Kentucky, a couple individuals were noted with apparent connections to Clay County, Kentucky. Fortunately, the Kentucky tax lists for Clay County have been preserved on two rolls of microfilm for the years of 1807 through 1861 with only four years missing: 1810, 1827, 1832 and 1839. An examination of these annual tax lists revealed that no one with Phipps (Phips, Fipps, Fips, etc.) surname can be found in Clay County from 1807 through 1829.

The first Phipps appears in 1830, and his first name was Jacob. A thorough review of each page of the 1830 Census for Clay Co. did not reveal anyone with that surname or any name that could be construed as Jacob Phipps. This could suggest that Jacob moved into the county between the recording of the census and the enumeration of that year’s tax list. It could also be that perhaps Jacob was living in one of the county households but not named as the head of that household.

Abbreviations used in this transcript include:
“a” = Acres; “WM” = White Males 21 years of age or older; “H.” = Horses, Mules, Colts; “C.” = Cattle; “Ch.” = Children; “T.V.” = Total Value of Property (Real Estate and Personal Estate)

1830 Tax List:
* Page 21 – Phipps, Jacob – no Land; 1 WM; no H.; $0 T.V.

1831 Tax List:
* Page 23 – Phipps, Jacob – no Land; 1 WM; no H.; $0 T.V.

1832 Tax List: missing

1833 Tax List:
* Page 21 – Phipps, Jacob – no Land; 1 WM; no H.; $0 T.V.

1834 Tax List:
* Page 11 – Fips, John – no Land; 1 WM; no H.; $0 T.V.
* Page 25 – Phipps, Jacob – no Land; 1 WM; no H.; $0 T.V.

1835 Tax List:
* Page 11 – Fips, Jacob – no Land; 1 WM; 1 H.; $50 T.V.
* Page 23 – Phips, Jacob – no Land; 1 WM; 1 H.; $50 T.V.

This list from 1835 raises a couple questions. Was there two actual individuals named Jacob Phips/Fips? Could the Jacob Fips in 1835 be the same person named John Fips in 1834? As will be seen in the remaining tax lists, only one Jacob Phipps can be seen living in Clay County. This would tend to suggest that maybe the Jacob Fips in 1835 was a duplicate listing for Jacob or perhaps was supposed to be written as John.

1836 Tax List: No one with the Phipps/Phips/Fipps/Fips surname is listed

1837 Tax List:
* Page 21 – Phips, Isia – no Land; 1 WM; 2 H.; $60 H. Value; $60 T.V.

1838 Tax List:
* Page 31 – Phips, Isaih – 50a of Land; $50 Land Value; Water Course = Sexton; 1 WM; 1 Voter; 2 H.; $100 H. Value; no C.; $150 T.V.
* Page 31 – Phips, Jacob – 200a of Land; $200 Land Value; Water Course = Buzzard; 1 WM; 1 Voter; 2 H.; $100 H. Value; 6 C.; $300 T.V.
(NOTE: Although Isaih and Jacob are on adjacent lines next to each other, Sextons Creek is approximately fifteen miles or so north of Buzzards Creek in Clay County, KY. Considering this distance between the water courses for their land, the adjacent listing of Isaih and Jacob on the tax list would appear to not denote geographic proximity to one another.)

1839 Tax List: missing

1840 Tax List:
* Page 37 – Phips, Isah – no Land; 1 WM; 2 H.; $100 H. Value; 5 C.; $0 Value of C. over $50; $100 T.V.
* Page 39 – Phips, Jacob – 200a of Land; Water Course = Buzzard; $400 Land Value; 1 WM; 1 H.; $100 H. Value; 11 C.; $15 Value of C. over $50; $515 T.V.
* Page 39 – Phips, John – no Land; 1 WM; 1 H.; $50 H. Value; no C.; $50 T.V.
(NOTE: Jacob & John are on adjacent lines next to each other.)

Before moving on with the tax lists from the 1840’s, a look at the 1840 Federal Census for Clay County should provide a few more details about Isaiah, Jacob, and John. The census shows John and Jacob on adjacent lines. First John is shown with four males (one age 30-39, and three under the age of 5) and two females (one age 20-29, and one under the age of 5); and Jacob is shown with one male (age 30-39) and two females (one age 10-14, and one age 5-9). From this detail, it would appear that Jacob may have been a widower with no adult female in his household.

Although Isaiah is on a different page of the census, his name is recorded only 14 lines below (or after) John and Jacob. He is listed as Isah Phipps and is shown with three males (one age 40-49, one age 30-39, and one age 5-9) and three females (one age 20-29, one age 10-14, and one age 5-9). Clearly, Isaiah had two adult males in his household, and it is questionable which one was Isaiah. The same Isaiah appears in the 1850 Census for Clay County, but listed as 50 years old he could have easily been 39 or 40 in 1840.

1841 Tax List:
* Page 23 – Phips, Jacob – 200a of Land; Water Course = Buzzard; $200 Land Value; 1 WM; 2 H.; $120 H. Value; 13 C.; $23 Value of C. over $50; $343 T.V.
* Page 23 – Phips, John – no Land; 1 WM; 2 H.; $50 H. Value; no C.; $50 T.V.
* Page 23 – Phips, Robert – no Land; 1 WM; no H.; $0 H. Value; no C.; $0 T.V.
* Page 23 – Phips, Izaah – no Land; 1 WM; 2 H.; $100 H. Value; no C.; $100 T.V.
(NOTE: Jacob & John are on adjacent lines next to each other.)

1842 Tax List:
* Page 10 – Fitts, Robert – no Land; 1 WM; no H.; $0 H. Value; no C.; no Ch. 7-17yrs old; $0 T.V.
* Page 20 – Phipps, Jacob – 200a of Land; Water Course = Buzzard; $200 Land Value; 1 WM; 3 H.; $175 H. Value; 12 C.; $13 Value of C. over $50; 2 Ch. 7-17yrs old; $388 T.V.
* Page 20 – Phipps, John – no Land; 1 WM; 1 H.; $50 H. Value; 4 C.; $0 Value of C. over $50; no Ch. 7-17yrs old; $50 T.V.
* Page 20 – Phipps, Samuel – no Land; 1 WM; 2 H.; $75 H. Value; 4 C.; $0 Value of C. over $50; 4 Ch. 7-17yrs old; $75 T.V.

1843 Tax List:
* Page 10 – Fitz, Robert – no Land; 1 WM; 2 H.; $100 H. Value; no C.; no Ch. 5-16yrs old; $100 T.V.
* Page 23 – Phipps, Samuel – no Land; 1 WM; 2 H.; $50 H. Value; 11 C.; $5 Value of C. over $50; 5 Ch. 5-16yrs old; $55 T.V.
* Page 23 – Phipps, Jacob – 200a of Land; Water Course = Buzzard; $150 Land Value; 1 WM; 4 H.; $160 H. Value; 14 C.; $20 Value of C. over $50; 2 Ch. 5-16yrs old; $330 T.V.
* Page 23 – Phipps, (no first name written) – no Land; 1 WM; 1 H.; $30 H. Value; no C.; $0 Value of C. over $50; 1 Ch. 5-16yrs old; $30 T.V.

Since his name was recorded as Fitts in 1842 and Fitz in 1843, it is likely that the Robert Phipps on the 1841 tax list may not have been a Phipps at all. He does not seem to be associated with the other Phipps in the county. After 1843, this Robert disappears from the Clay County tax lists.

1844 Tax List:
* Page 16 – Phipps, Samuel – no Land; 1 WM; 3 H.; $50 H. Value; 4 Ch. 5-16yrs old; $50 T.V.
* Page 16 – Phipps, Priscello – no Land; no WM; 1 H.; $20 H. Value; 2 Ch. 5-16yrs old; $20 T.V.
* Page 16 – Phipps, Jacob – 200a of Land; Water Course = Buzzard; $200 Land Value; 1 WM; 1 H.; $100 H. Value; no Ch. 5-16yrs old; $300 T.V.
* Page 16 – Phipps, Isaac – no Land; 1 WM; 1 H.; $35 H. Value; no Ch. 5-16yrs old; $35 T.V.
(NOTE: Jacob & Isaac are on adjacent lines next to each other.)

1845 Tax List:
* Page 18 – Phipps, Isah – no Land; 1 WM; 4 H.; $140 H. Value; 8 C.; $0 Value of C. over $50; 2 Ch. 5-16yrs old; $140 T.V.
* Page 18 – Phipps, Samuel – no Land; 1 WM; 2 H.; $60 H. Value; 10 C.; $0 Value of C. over $50; 4 Ch. 5-16yrs old; $60 T.V.
* Page 18 – Phipps, Isaac – no Land; 1 WM; 1 H.; $30 H. Value; 1 C.; $0 Value of C. over $50; no Ch. 5-16yrs old; $30 T.V.
* Page 18 – Phipps, Priscilla – no Land; no WM; 2 H.; $40 H. Value; 5 C.; $0 Value of C. over $50; 3 Ch. 5-16yrs old; $40 T.V.
* Page 18 – Phipps, Jacob – 200a of Land; Water Course = Buzzard; $250 Land Value; 1 WM; 3 H.; $100 H. Value; 14 C.; $6 Value of C. over $50; 1 Ch. 5-16yrs old; $356 T.V.
(NOTE: Isah & Samuel are on adjacent lines next to each other; and Isaac & Priscilla are on adjacent lines next to each other.)

1846 Tax List:
* Page 9 – Fipps, Jacob – 200a of Land; Water Course = Buzzard; $200 Land Value; 1 WM; 4 H.; $140 H. Value; 17 C.; $10 Value of C. over $50; 1 Ch. 5-16yrs old; $50 Value Under Equalization Law; $400 T.V.
* Page 9 – Fipps, Samuel – no Land; 1 WM; 2 H.; $50 H. Value; no C.; $0 Value of C. over $50; 5 Ch. 5-16yrs old; $50 T.V.
* Page 9 – Fipps, Isah – no Land; 1 WM; 4 H.; $130 H. Value; no C.; $0 Value of C. over $50; 2 Ch. 5-16yrs old; $130 T.V.
* Page 9 – Fipps, Priscilla – no Land; no WM; 2 H.; $35 H. Value; no C.; $0 Value of C. over $50; 5 Ch. 5-16yrs old; $35 T.V.
* Page 9 – Fipps, Isaac – no Land; 1 WM; 2 H.; $50 H. Value; no C.; $0 Value of C. over $50; 1 Ch. 5-16yrs old; $50 T.V.
(NOTE: Jacob & Samuel are on adjacent lines next to each other; and Priscilla & Isaac are on adjacent lines next to each other.)

1847 Tax List:
* Page 20 – Phipps, Isaiah – no Land; 1 WM; 4 H.; 1 Voter; $150 H. Value; 5 C.; $0 Value of C. over $50; 2 Ch. 5-16yrs old; $150 T.V.
* Page 21 – Phipps, Samuel – 200a of Land; Water Course = Sexton; $200 Land Value; 1 WM; 1 H.; 1 Voter; $25 H. Value; 5 C.; $0 Value of C. over $50; 4 Ch. 5-16yrs old; $225 T.V.
* Page 21 – Phipps, Jacob – 200a of Land; Water Course = Buzzard; $250 Land Value; 1 WM; 3 H.; 1 Voter; $100 H. Value; 17 C.; $30 Value of C. over $50; no Ch. 5-16yrs old; $380 T.V.
* Page 21 – Phipps, Isaac – no Land; 1 WM; 1 H.; 1 Voter; $20 H. Value; 2 C.; $0 Value of C. over $50; no Ch. 5-16yrs old; $20 T.V.
* Page 21 – Phipps, Priscilla – no Land; no WM; 2 H.; no Voter; $40 H. Value; 4 C.; $0 Value of C. over $50; 4 Ch. 5-16yrs old; $40 T.V.
(NOTE: Jacob, Isaac & Priscilla are on adjacent lines next to each other with Isaac between Jacob & Priscilla.)

1848 Tax List:
* Page 23 – Phipps, Isaac – no Land; 1 WM; 1 H.; 1 Voter; $25 H. Value; 4 C.; $0 Value of C. over $50; no Ch. 5-16yrs old; $25 T.V.
* Page 23 – Phipps, Priscilla – no Land; no WM; 1 H.; no Voter; $20 H. Value; 4 C.; $0 Value of C. over $50; 4 Ch. 5-16yrs old; $20 T.V.
* Page 23 – Phipps, Jacob – 200a of Land; Water Course = Buzzard Cr; $300 Land Value; 1 WM; 3 H.; 1 Voter; $100 H. Value; 12 C.; $10 Value of C. over $50; no Ch. 5-16yrs old; $100 Value Under Equalization Law; $510 T.V.
* Page 23 – Phipps, Samuel – 200a of Land; Water Course = Sexton Cr; $200 Land Value; 1 WM; 2 H.; 1 Voter; $80 H. Value; 6 C.; $0 Value of C. over $50; 6 Ch. 5-16yrs old; $280 T.V.
(NOTE: Isaac & Priscilla are on adjacent lines next to each other.)

1849 Tax List:
* Page 25 – Phipps, Samuel – 200a of Land; Water Course = Sexton Cr; $400 Land Value; 1 WM; 2 H.; $80 H. Value; no C.; $0 Value of C. over $50; 5 Ch. 5-16yrs old; $100 Value Under Equalization Law; $580 T.V.
* Page 25 – Phipps, Jacob – 200a of Land; Water Course = Buzzard Cr; $350 Land Value; 1 WM; 3 H.; $100 H. Value; 12 C.; $50 Value of C. over $50; 1 Ch. 5-16yrs old; $0 Value Under Equalization Law; $475 T.V.
* Page 26 – Phipps, Isaac – no Land; 1 WM; 1 H.; $30 H. Value; no C.; $0 Value of C. over $50; no Ch. 5-16yrs old; $30 T.V.
* Page 26 – Phipps, Priscilla – no Land; no WM; 1 H.; $30 H. Value; no C.; $0 Value of C. over $50; 5 Ch. 5-16yrs old; $30 T.V.
(NOTE: Isaac & Priscilla are on adjacent lines next to each other.)

The 1850 Census for Clay County includes the following Phipps households and Phipps individuals:
Dwelling #60, Family #60: James Phipps (age 71, b. VA), occupation = Farmer; Easter Phipps (age 53, b. Tenn); Isaac Phipps (age 11, b. Tenn).

Dwelling #61, Family #61: Priscilla Phipps (age 34, b. Tenn), occupation = ??; Mary Phipps (age 14, b. KY); Jacob Phipps (age 12, b. KY); John Phipps (age 10, b. KY); Easter Phipps (age 9, b. KY); Josiah Phipps (age 8, b. KY).

Dwelling #79, Family #79: Jacob Phipps (age 44, b. Tenn), occupation = Farmer; Eda Phipps (age 44, b. KY).

Dwelling #144, Family #144: Isaac Phipps (age 27, b. Tenn), occupation = Farmer; Elender Phipps (age 22, b. Tenn); Priscilla Phipps (age 5, b. KY); Samuel Phipps (age 2, b. KY); Manervar Phipps (age 8/12, b. KY); Stephen Teague (age 22, b. Tenn).

Dwelling #420, Family #420: G.W. Gregory (age 42, b. KY), occupation = Farmer; Mary Gregory (age 42, b. KY); Sarah Gregory (age 11, F, b. KY); James F. Gregory (age 9, M, b. KY); Mary J. Gregory (age 3, F, b. KY); Ellen Graham (age 18, F, b. KY); Susan Gregory (age 16, F, b. KY); Thomas Phipps (age 16, M, b. KY), occupation = ??; Enoch Moppin (age 22, M, b. KY), occupation = cooper.

Dwelling #625, Family #625: Saml Phipps (age 46, b. VA), occupation = Farmer; Mary Phipps (age 41, b. VA); Julena Phipps (age 23, F, b. KY); Julia Phipps (age 18, F, b. KY); Almeda Phipps (age 17, F, b. KY); Cintha Phipps (age 14, F, b. KY); Rebecca Phipps (age 12, F, b. KY); Rachel Phipps (age 10, F, b. KY); Nach (Nash) Phipps (age 6, M, b. KY); Mazy Phipps (age 3, F, b. KY); Tennesse Phipps (age 1, F, b. KY).

Dwelling #713, Family #713: Francis Clark (age 71, M, b. VA), occupation = Farmer; Isah Phipps (age 50, M, b. VA).

Observing the name patterns in the annual tax lists for Clay County, it would appear that the John Phipps in the 1840-1842 tax lists and the 1840 census may have died by 1843. John’s household in the 1843 tax list is likely represented by the Phipps listing with no first name. Then starting in 1844 through 1850, a Priscilla Phipps is the head of a household with young children. She very well may have been the widow of John Phipps who disappears after the 1842 tax list.

Analysis of the children for John and then Priscilla support this assessment of Priscilla being John’s widow. As already noted, the 1840 census reveals than John had 4 children (3 boys and 1 girl) under the age of 5. This closely corresponds with Priscilla’s children ages 5-16, which were two in 1844, three in 1845, five in 1846, down to four in 1847 and 1848, and back up to five in 1849. The 1850 census includes the five children between the ages of 5 and 16, three of whom (Mary, Jacob and John) were old enough to be living in 1840 under the age of 5. The two youngest children (Easter and Josiah) were born between 1840 and when Priscilla’s husband John died in about 1843.

Phipps Connections between Clay and Knox Counties in Kentucky

After spending so much time with the Kentucky tax lists and U.S. census records for both Clay and Knox counties, a pattern of connections emerges between the two neighboring counties for a number of Phipps individuals. Other researchers can determine whether this suggests that these Phipps men were related to one another or that this is simply a matter of geographical coincidences. So consider the four following individuals with links to both counties (also refer to the May 5th post entitled “Knox County, Kentucky and the Phipps Family.”)

1) Isaiah Phipps – Per the Kentucky county tax lists, an Isaiah Phipps first appeared in Knox County in 1834 and was living there in 1835. He disappears from Knox Co. after 1835, but seems to appear in Clay Co. in 1837 where he remained through at least 1850. Besides the 1845 tax list where Isaiah is listed next to Samuel Phipps, another interesting item links Samuel and Isaiah together. Isaiah owns land in Clay County only in 1838, 50 acres along Sexton Creek. When the tax lists begin to list Samuel as an owner of land in 1847, his 200 acres of land was also located along Sexton Creek in Clay County. If Samuel was related to Isaiah in some way, perhaps they were brothers in that both of them per the 1850 Census were born in Virginia, Isaiah in about 1800 and Samuel in about 1804 (or 1803 per the 1860 Census for Clay County, KY).

2) James Phipps – In 1836, this James Phipps along with a John and a Jacob first appear in Knox County. James remains in Knox County through at least 1840, but he shows up in Clay County in 1850. Per the 1850 Census, this James was born in Virginia in about 1779. This date places him as the likely son of William Phipps of Wythe County, who son James was born about February of 1780 in Wythe County. This birth date is further documented from newspaper articles (the Winchester Gazette and the Virginia Argus) in 1799 listing military (or militia) deserters, including on James Phipps who was age 19 years and 7 months (per an article in September 1799) and was born in Wythe County, Virginia. James appears in the tax lists for Wythe County, in 1803, 1806, 1807, 1809 and 1810, and is also found in the 1810 census for Wythe Co. This same James later settled in Grainger County, Tennessee, and can be found on the 1814, 1815, and 1820 tax lists for that county. The 1830 census for Grainger Co. shows this James with a household of five males (one age 50-59; one age 20-29; one age 15-19; one age 10-14; one age 5-9) and eight females (one age 50-59; one age 15-19; two age 10-14; two age 5-9; and 2 under age 5). If James is the oldest male, his birth would be between 1771 and 1780).

3) John Phipps – We have already discussed John Phipps and his likely widow Priscilla. This may likely be the same John who is found in the 1834 tax list for Clay County, but then disappears after that year. He is likely the same John who shows up in Knox County in 1836 along with James and Jacob. John remains in Knox Co. through 1839 and is listed next to James Phipps again on the tax lists for 1837 and 1839. His removal from Knox County after 1839 aligns with the reappearance of John in Clay in 1840. After John’s death in about 1842, Priscilla heads the family household through 1850. Another close connection between this John Phipps, his widow Priscilla and the older James Phipps (b. about 1779/1780) can be found in the 1850 Census for Clay County where James who relocated from Knox County settles next door to Priscilla and her children. Perhaps this suggests that this John Phipps (b. between 1801 and 1810 per the 1840 Census) was a son of James Phipps, making John’s widow Priscilla the daughter-in-law of James.

4) Isaac Phipps – Lastly, this Isaac in Clay County, first appears on the 1844 tax list next to Jacob. Since Isaac is age 27 per the 1850 census (born about 1823 in Tennessee), he would have been 21 years old in 1844, which was the threshold age for men to begin to be included on the tax lists. After 1844, this Isaac is listed next to Priscilla each year on the tax lists from 1845 through 1849. The 1850 Census also reveals that Isaac oldest child is named Priscilla. Also living in Isaac’s household in 1850 is a Stephen Teague. This surname links directly to the bond of James Phipps for his marriage to Huster Teague back in Grainger County, Tennessee (bond date 14 January 1842 – though it appears to have been listed as filed on 14 January 1843). Huster could be an altered name for Hester, which is name that was interchangeable with Ester or Esther. This then could be the same Esther Phipps living with James Phipps in Clay County per the 1850 Census. The connection Isaac Phipps shared with Priscilla and with the Teague family would suggest a possible relationship between Isaac and James Phipps. Could Isaac (b. about 1823) be the same male 15-19 years old living with James per the 1840 Census in Knox County? If so, was Isaac another son of James, brother to John, and brother-in-law to Priscilla? As noted in the previous analysis of the Phipps in Knox County, Isaac Phipps and his family were recorded twice in the 1850 Census, the first being in Clay County on August 5th and then seven weeks later in Knox County on September 28th.

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2 thoughts on “Clay County, Kentucky Tax Lists

  1. Zarr (Isaiah/Isaac?) Phipps, b bet abt 1800-1808 was in Knox (now Bell) Co, KY in the 1830’s and was married to Didaima “Daimy” Baker, daughter of Andrew & Jane Baker, and granddaughter of Rev War Patriot, Rev Andrew Baker & his wife, Elizabeth Avant. Zarr & Daimy Baker Phipps had two sons 1- Andrew Hampton Phipps, b abt 1832; 2- Henry Franklin Phipps, b 1836. Some Ancestry family trees cite a daughter, Lutrucia Phipps, b abt 1834, but I have found no evidence to support her existence. Quoted in The History of Bell Co, vol 1, written by HH Fuson (a cousin), Zarr Phipps’s granddaughter, Didaima “Daimy” Phipps Hendrickson states that her grandfather, Zarr Phipps was from VA. It is not known if Zarr Phipps died or if he & Didaima Baker divorced. She married 2- Elisha Hendrickson, shortly after the birth of her son, Henry F Phipps.

    Andrew Hampton Phipps m Lucinda Evans. After his death, she married his brother, Henry Phipps. These families lived on Clear Creek and Little Clear Creek, and the Evans family lived on the mountain overlooking Little Clear Creek.

    At about the same time, John Smith came to this same area of Clear Creek in Knox (now Bell) Co from Clay Co, KY to get away from the tiresome & dangerous feuding between the Bakers, Whites, and Howards taking place in Clay Co. He married Martha “Patsy” Baker, also a daughter of Andrew & Jane Baker mentioned above, and a granddaughter of the well-considered Rev Andrew Baker, who along with his wife, Elizabeth Avant lived their last years in and are buried in Jonesville, Lee Co, VA. Lee Co, VA is adjacent to Knox (now Bell) Co, KY.

    Some Ancestry family trees have Zarr Phipps as a son of John Jasper Phipps of Clay Co, KY and formerly of Wythe Co, VA, but I have yet to see any evidence to support that theory. I have been unable to connect Zarr Phipps to any Phipps family. He came, he stayed, and he disappeared.

    • C Hoskins,

      Thanks for responding and sharing your information! Sounds like you are indicating that your “Zarr” Phipps is the same individual named Isaiah (with various spellings) Phipps found in the Knox and then Clay Co. tax and census records discussed in this post. I am curious what documented records you have that shows this person’s name as Zarr. It would be fascinating to analyze how that name was written in contrast to the various spellings found for Isaiah.

      Regarding the William Phipps family of Wythe County, VA, we know from William’s 1814 will that he had seven sons. As I noted on my post about Knox Co., KY, the 1814 will for this William names the following children in this order: George Phipps, Catharine Miller, Mary Phipps, William Phipps, Jacob Phipps, James Phipps, John Phipps, Jasper Phipps, and Isaac Phipps. I am not familiar with an individual named John Jasper Phipps. William had a son named Jasper (usually spelled Gasper) and a son named John. Both appear in the tax lists for Wythe Co. between 1802 and 1810.

      It would seem highly likely that your Isaiah (or Zarr) would be connected to this family in some way. Although I do not descend from this Phipps family, they have been confused with my Phipps in Scott County, VA (as well as Russell and Washington Counties). This is one of many reasons why I have tried to research them closely to help distinguish the two and apparently unrelated Phipps families.

      In addition to my years of Phipps research, I am the co-administrator of the Phipps Surname Y-DNA Project (visit our website here: https://www.familytreedna.com/public/Phipps-Y-DNA/default.aspx). We have one documented descendant of this Wythe Co. Phipps family who has tested his Y-DNA (he descends from Gasper’s son Hiram from Smyth Co., VA). Since this Phipps line does not share a close genetic relationship with any of the other Phipps tested to date, I have long desired to find additional living male Phipps descendants of this family (perhaps from the other sons of William). Additional testing could help confirm whether all of the descending lines from the Wythe Co. Phipps are related (as one would expect). After we have another one or two Phipps from separate lines of this family test and match the descendant of Gasper’s son Hiram, it would then also be helpful for living Phipps who are uncertain of their connection to this family to test and possibly confirm a match.

      Many, but not all, genealogical mysteries can be aided through Y-DNA testing along the questioned surname’s direct male line of descent. For the Phipps families (or any surname), it is important to locate living males with that surname who can document and trace their family line back along a direct male line. These documented pedigrees along with Y-DNA testing are extremely useful tools for genealogists today. One without the other is of little use, but the two combined are powerful tools to aid in our research and to help potentially break down those brick walls that stump us — like whether or not your Isaiah “Zarr” Phipps was related to the William Phipps family of Wythe County, Virginia.

      Tim

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