Because of recurrence of the same associated surnames, and sometimes even the same associated individuals, several early Virginia families going by the name Fipps, Fips, Phips, Phipps, etc. would appear to likely connect in some way to families going by spelling variants which are seemingly far into left field, such as Phelps, Felps, Philips, or Phillips.
Not all of the following events necessarily pertain to the same family, but it appears likely that at least many of them do. It’s also likely that some “non-paternal events” were involved. Some of the “Phelps family,” for instance, show up as mulattos in early records, with descendants, or at least claimed descendants, showing African in their male line via Y-DNA data.
Some apparent connections could even be the result of coincidence. After all, there were only so many families living at the same time in specific counties in 17th and 18th century Virginia. When the same few names keep recurring, however, such as lots of Burtons and Reeves and Cockes and somewhat uncommon names such as Cockerham, in addition to specific individuals such as John Pleasants, one has to wonder.
The following should definitely NOT be taken as an assertion that all of the following necessarily pertains to the same family. Instead, the following should be taken simply as a starting point for discussion as leads for future research, and as nothing more than that.
Also, please keep in mind that some of the following came from record abstracts in secondary sources, such as genealogists’ web pages. As a result, there could be some errors, even in such basic facts as dates and places.
A factor which is confusing and strange is the apparent appearance of the same individuals, at times, in multiple counties either at once or nearly at once, or dealing in real estate in one county while being referred to as being of another county. A very tentative guess is that because at least some of these people show up in records as surveyors, the surveying profession may enter into their land acquisitions, but that’s only a guess.
Another thing to keep in mind is that 17th and 18th century individuals appear to have had a far more casual approach toward the spelling and even pronunciation of their surnames. They just plain didn’t care, it would seem. And many of them couldn’t read and write anyway.
Throughout the events discussed below, reference will be made to the 1768 estate of John Fips in Charlotte County, Virginia, with directly related records in several other counties. We’ve discussed that estate in various earlier posts. If you are unfamiliar with this individual and his multi-county estate, with descendants in North Carolina, you may want to read the excellent summaries here and here.
if these families do connect, which appears to probably be the case, then it’s certainly no wonder that no one has ever cracked the genealogy of this family before. They were all over the place more or less at once, perhaps because of several generations pursuing the occupation of surveyor, as suggested by some of the records. In addition, if they connect, they appear to have used every possible surname variation imaginable.
The following should also not be construed as constituting a complete list of relevant records which could be cited. This lists pulls together just a few records which relate to a conundrum which an entire army of researchers could occupy themselves with for years, with countless additional records which could be added.
- 1724-1725: John Phelps received a patent for 100 acres in the shire of Henrico, Virginia in 1724 or 1725 (sources differ). This was described in one abstract as being at the mouth of “Bear Garden (Phelps) Creek” on the south side of the James River, and it is claimed that the location later became Buckingham County. Goochland County was formed from Henrico in 1728.
- 1732: John Felps of Goochland County sold land in Goochland County, Virginia in 1732 to James Cocke. We’ve discussed Cocke connections in various earlier posts. This name has sometimes been represented elsewhere as Cook.
- 1733: John Phelps received a patent in Goochland County, Virginia on 7 August 1733, said to have later become Buckingham County.
- 1735: John Phelps received a patent in Goochland County, Virginia on 15 March 1735 for 300 acres on both sides of Wolf Pit Branch. This is said to have later become Buckingham County.
- 1736: John Phelps and wife Mary of Goochland County, Virginia sold land on 15 March 1736 to Thomas Phelps, also of Goochland County. This was 250 acres on
Rockie Branch in what is said to have later become Buckingham County. The land was sold for a cheap price, £20, which probably suggests a relationship, which of course is also apparent from the names.
- 1741: John Phelps in Goochland County was given permission to combine 1,600 acres, previously surveyed for him in 4 adjacent surveys, into a single patent.
- 1741: John Phelps and wife Mary of Goochland County sold land in that county to Robert Baber, Jr. of Caroline County on 2 November 1741. This was on what was abstracted as “Wolfit” Branch, which presumably was the same location mentioned at 1735 as “Wolf Pit” Branch. The land was in St. James Parish. In this document, Mary Phelps, wife of John, signed her name with a “C.” The deed was witnessed by William Cockerham. The Cockerham name was closely and heavily associated with the much earlier (1660s) Surry County, Virginia estate pertaining to the “orphant” John Phips, son of Elizabeth Harris. Back then, a Capt. Cockerham became “overseer” of the estate. On the same day (2 November 1741) as the deed to Baber just mentioned, John and Mary Phelps also sold additional land to Baber. This was 250 acres in St. James Parish said to be at the mouth of Bear Garden (Phelps) Creek and adjacent to both Thomas Phelps and John Phelps. Again, Mary signed her name with a “C.”
- 1741: William Phelps begins to show up in records in Goochland County in connection with Wreck Island Creek. He had 400 acres in 1741 joined to another 400 acres which he had already surveyed, plus yet another 200 acres which he had purchased from Thomas Phelps, all joined together into a single patent.
- 1742: A land grant or patent was issued to Thomas Phelps on 20 May 1742 in Brunswick County. This was for 384 acres on the ridge separating Buffalo and Elk Creeks. This is said to be near the present Campbell and Bedford Counties line.
- 1742: Orphans Joseph and Benjamin Fipps were ordered by the Goochland County court on 19 October 1742, as directed by the St. James Parish church wardens, to be bound to Josiah Burton. Josiah Burton appears in various Goochland County records, and in one he receives land from Nowell Burton who appears to tie into the Burton family later related to George Reeves of Grayson County, Virginia, father in law of Samuel Phips of adjacent Ashe County, North Carolina. St. James Parish is where John and Mary Phelps had land the previous year. Records searched so far do not appear to reveal any other Phips, Fips, Phipps, Fipps, etc. in Goochland County at the time who could have been the orphans’ parents or even relatives, although a Ben. Phop AKA Fop, married to Mary Reeve AKA Reeves appears in the Douglas Register in Goochland County 1780-1784. (Douglas was a local minister who recorded births and christenings and the like.)
- 1744-1745: An online abstract bearing the unclear date reference 4 March “1744/45” in Brunswick County shows John Phelps and wife Mary again selling land to Robert Baber. Again, Mary signed her name with a characteristic “C,” as she did in 1741, above. This time, however, John and Mary are in Brunswick County rather than in Goochland County, and this time Robert Baber is identified as being of Brunswick County. The land was 140 acres on the south side of the Otter River.
- 1745: A land grant or patent was granted to William Phelps in Goochland County on 20 March 1745. This was 400 acres described in an abstract as being on the east branch of Bear Garden (Phelps) Creek, the location mentioned earlier. The claim is again made that this is now in Buckingham County.
- 1746: Another land grant or patent was issued, this time to Thomas Phelps, Jr. on 28 August 1746 in Goochland County, said to be today in Appomattox County. (It appears that Wreck Island Creek, mentioned above, may be today in Appomattox County as well.) This was for 280 acres on both sides of Bridle Creek, said to be the same as Bent Creek. He also received, on the same date, 300 acres in Goochland County on both sides of the same creek.
- 1746: Lunenburg County was formed from Brunswick County, Virginia in 1746. In the new county, John Phelps, referred to as gentleman in the May 1746 court, was to collect a list of all the tithables in that county from the mouth of the Otter River to “the extent of the county upwards,” whatever that meant, according to an online abstract.
- 1746: In or around 1746 in Goochland County, William Mayo died. His wife Ann Mayo then settled his estate. She sued William Phelps because of claims against the estate. The same year she sold land to Peter Jefferson and to Hutchins Burton, with George Carrington and Paul Carrington witnessing the deed. Ann Mayo later died in Cumberland County, which was formed in 1749 from Goochland County. We’ve discussed the relationship between Samuel Phips, Jr. of Ashe County, North Carolina (died there 1854) and his father in law George Reeves of adjacent Grayson County, Virginia. Both men were living in Wilkes County, North Carolina when George Reeves or Reaves became an heir of an Eppes or Epps in Halifax County, Virginia. The Eppes, Epps, Epes, etc. family connects to the mother in law of President Thomas Jefferson, and the “Jeaffreson” family associated with the Caribbean and related by marriage to Francis Phipps of Reading, Berkshire, England is supposed to tie into the same family. Paul Carrington comes into play with the 1768 estate of John Fips in Charlotte County, Virginia as we’ve discussed in various posts. Hutchins Burton ties into the same Burton family which connects, ultimately, to George Reeves and to the Epps family.
- 1747: John Phelps, again referred to as gentleman, was again to collect a list of tithables in Lunenburg County, according to records of the June 1747 court. He was to obtain the names from Falling River to “the extent of the county upwards.”
- 1747: John Phelps of Goochland County became sick and decided to write his will. In that will, he refers to his wife Margaret and sons John, Samuel, and William, in addition to several Phelps grandchildren. He also mentioned slaves and large tracts of land, with references to “Fleamon’s Creek.” This appears to be the same creek referred to in other records as Flemings or Fleming’s Creek. Later the same year, 1747, John Phelps was given permission to include some large tracts of land on both Flemings Creek and Willis’s Creek in Goochland County, all to be included in one patent. This combining of land in this manner was referred to above, and makes one wonder whether it might possibly suggest a high degree of familiarity with the surveying profession. The land belonging to John Pleasants is also referred to in the same record. Although it’s the subject of some contention, the John Pleasants name surfaces in connection with both the Burton and Reeves families which have been so closely associated with the Phips or Phipps family. In addition, after some of the Burton and Phips or Phipps family moved from the Grayson County, Virginia and Ashe County, North Carolina area into Lawrence County, Indiana, an individual named John Pleasant Burton was buried there in 1836, with the middle name appearing on his tombstone. Some claims have the John Phelps of this will as identical to the one who was living later in Lunenburg County, after that county was formed in 1746, but this appears disproven by the fact that the John of the will clearly died in 1747. The will is dated 14 February 1747 and was proved in March 1747.
- 1747: William Phelps sold land in Albemarle County, Virginia in November 1747 to Edmond Toney.
- 1748: John Phelps, gentleman, was sworn in as county coroner in Lunenburg County in the June court.
- 1748: Thomas Phelps appeared in the tithe list of Lunenburg County, which was formed in 1746 from Brunswick County. The land adjoined George Carrington, who was mentioned above. Also bordering George Carrington in Goochland County was land belonging to John Witch of Henrico County on Willis “River” (Creek), part of land which he had earlier bought from Carrington. This John Witch was probably of the same family variously represented as Wyche and Witcher, who married into the family of John Fips of the 1768 estate. In the tithe list in which Thomas Phelps appears, according to an online abstract, Thomas Phelps appears indented under John Phelps. The abstract notes “Robert Baber listed as well on his own.” Robert Baber was, of course, referred to above in connection with John and Mary Phelps. Unconfirmed genealogical online articles suggest that Robert Baber’s wife was a Phelps, although others claim it was Pendleton. Another claim is that a certain Mary Ann Phipps, daughter of Robert Phipps, married a James Pendleton in 1771 in Buckingham County, the county which was referred to several times in this timeline. This James supposedly had a sister Judith who married a Harris, and Phips/Harris interconnections have been noted in various posts (and above and below), dating back to the time of the original 1621 Jamestown surveyor team involving John Phips and William Harris. Also in 1748, a patent was given to Thomas Phelps for land in Albemarle County. An online abstract says that this would today be Fluvanna County. The 9 acres he received were said to have been “near the north channel” opposite his plantation.
- 1749: Several men were sworn in as justices of the peace in the June court in Lunenburg County, Virginia. These included John Phelps as well as others of genealogical note. These included Robert Jones (the Jones name has come up repeatedly), Matthew Talbot (he was very closely associated with John Phelps), Field Jefferson (he was supposedly the paternal uncle of Thomas Jefferson; we’ve noted indirect Jefferson connections on various occasions via the Epps family, with multiple connections from the Epps family to the Reeves family), William Wynne (A William Wynne sold land in Halifax County, Virginia to Joshua Epps in 1746 or 1750, sources differ; George Reeves, father in law of Samuel Phips, with both men living at one time in Wilkes County, North Carolina, was an Epps heir in Halifax County, Virginia), David Stokes (he was likely related to the Sylvanus Stokes associated with the 1768 John Fips estate), Cornelius Cargill (he married Judith, widow of Tandy Walker, Sr., associated with the 1768 John Fips estate), Abraham Cook (probably a variant form of the Cocke name which has come up repeatedly), Thomas Bolling (the Bolling name has come up repeatedly), Liddall (Lydall) Bacon (likely related to the Langston Bacon associated with the 1768 John Fips estate), Peter Fontaine (associated with John Fips of the 1768 estate).
- 1749: John Phelps was listed among several so-called freeholders and housekeepers of Cumberland Parish in Lunenburg County in October 1749, according to an online post. (This could be referring to the same record noted above, but apparently not.) Also listed were Peter Fontaine, Jr. (see above), Field Jefferson (see above), and Clement Read. Clement Read was a very close friend of Matthew Talbot, who was, in turn, a very close friend of John Phelps, and Clement Read was associated with the 1768 John Fips estate.
- 1749: William Phelps received a land grant or patent on 1 April 1749 in Albemarle County, the county just mentioned. Albemarle was not created until 1744, and then it was formed from part of Goochland County. William Phelps’ land consisted of 400 acres on a branch of Totler Creek. This land adjoined that of William Harris (the Harris name again) and “Mr. Stith.” One of the best known Virginia surveyors of the period was Lt. Col. Drury Stith. On the same date, William Phelps also received another grant or patent for 350 acres which was adjacent to the other one.
- 1749: Thomas Phelps of Albemarle County sold land in Lunenburg County to John Payne of Goochland County in 1749. Lunenburg County was formed from Brunswick in 1746. This land had been earlier patented to Thomas Phelps in 1742, and the deed was witnessed by a Harris, the name which has been recurring in connection with the Phips family since the importation of John Phips and William Harris to Jamestown in 1621. Regarding the Payne surname, they appear to have been related to the Burtons who we discussed above. The claim is that George Payne married Judith Burton. Their daughter Elizabeth Payne then married Samuel Woodson in 1777 in Goochland County, Virginia. There were, apparently, other Woodson and Burton connections in that family, with apparently at least a couple Harris connections. The Woodson name becomes important in that a Susanah Fips proved the will of Sanborn Woodson, also known as Sanburn Woodson, in 1756 in Cumberland County. When she originally witnessed the will the previous year, her name was represented as “Susanuth.” Various connections to Surry County, North Carolina would be too complex to insert here, but a later Sanburn Woodson Cockerham later surfaces there, indicating a relationship between this Woodson family and the Cockerham family which is discussed above, with connections back to the orphan John Phips of Surry County, Virginia, not North Carolina, son of Elizabeth Harris.
- 1749: Also in 1749, Margaret Phelps was sued in Cumberland County, Virginia by Benjamin Bryan along with the executors of the estate of John Phelps, who was deceased. Cumberland County had been recently (that same year) formed from Goochland County. This Margaret was presumably the one mentioned above as referred to in the 1747 will of John Phelps in Goochland County.
- 1749: Another will was written in 1749, that being the will of William Phelps in Albemarle County. He referred to himself as weak in body, and he mentioned William Baber as his brother in law. We discussed Robert Baber above. In the will, William Baber was left 200 acres on Neil Moore’s Creek of the Slate River. Also mentioned in the same will was William Phelps’s father Thomas Phelps as well as William’s brother Thomas Phelps, Jr. He also mentioned William’s two sons, James Phelps and William Phelps. One of the witnesses to the will was William Cabell, presumably the same one who was yet another well-known surveyor of the period.
- 1750: The Bryan v. Phelps case referred to above was continued into 1750.
- 1750: John Phelps, again referred to as gentleman, was again to collect a list of tithables in Lunenburg County, as noted in the July 1750 court. The list was to include the area from Falling River to Goose Creek. A bit later but also in the July court, John Phelps was noted as among several who were sworn in as captains of the foot.
- 1750: John Phelps, gentleman of Lunenburg County (formed 1746 from Brunswick County), along with his wife Mary, sold land to William Walker of Lunenburg County. We can assume that this was likely the same John and Mary who were discussed above. The occupation of William Walker was that of a whitesmith, which means that he made or finished or polished metal goods. The name Tandy Walker was closely associated with the 1768 John Fips estate. The land involved was referred to as being in the part of Brunswick County which was “now” Lunenburg County. This deed was witnessed by Mathew Talbot, Jr. Mathew or Matthew Talbot was a prominent individual who was very closely associated with John Phelps. Talbot was also a very close friend of Clement Read, who also comes into the play in the 1768 John Fips estate. Talbot appears to have been associated with the Watauga Settlement, the frontier area we’ve discussed in connection with the Phips or Phipps family, and to have eventually moved to Wilkes County, Georgia. Wilkes County, Georgia (not to be confused with Wilkes County, North Carolina, discussed above) is adjacent to Elbert County, Georgia. Elbert County is where the 1815 will of John Rowsey, Sr. refers to “my daughter Tabitha Phipps,” apparently the wife of Lewis Phipps. We’ve discussed in a past post how this family appears to connect to Cumberland County, Virginia earlier, the county mentioned several times above. We’ve also discussed how Elbert County is where some of the Witcher family, related by marriage to the John Fips family of the 1768 estate we’ve mentioned, eventually ended up, in addition to some of the “Phipps” family. Both John Phelps and Matthew Talbot, Jr. of Lunenburg County were gentlemen, a term which in those days actually meant something. The term originally meant that the person involved was a part of the gentry, although it might have been at only the lowest rung. These were people of privilege and position, who were among the higher social classes.
- 1750: Another grant or patent was issued to Thomas Phelps on 3 November 1750 in Goochland County, said to be in what is today Buckingham County. He received 300 acres on both sides of Hunt’s Creek of the Slate River. The land was adjacent to Nicholas, perhaps the “Doctor Nicholas” who adjoined land he received in 1749 in Albemarle County.
- 1750: Richard Phips, orphan of Lewis Phips, was bound out in Cumberland County, perhaps connecting in some way with the Lewis Phipps associated with John Rowsey as discussed above.
- 1751: John Phelps purchased 1,067 acres in Goochland County in 1751 on Flemings Creek. This adjoined land belonging to a Payne, the surname discussed above, and a certain James Wilkins. In the 1770s, Joseph Fipps and his wife Sarah of Brunswick County, Virginia were involved in Bute County, North Carolina land deals with Douglass and Edmond/Edmund Wilkins, who were also of Brunswick County. Edmund married a Wyche, the name discussed above as apparently being a variant form of Witcher.
- 1751: Samuel and Elizabeth Phelps of Cumberland County, Virginia sold land there in 1751, with the deed having been witnessed by a Harris, the surname we discussed multiple times above. Also, apparently around this same time, John Witch (apparently a variant of Witcher, Wyche, etc.) of Cumberland County sold land to William Bolling. We’ve discussed the Bolling name in past posts in connection with the Phips or Phipps family. The land involved was on Willis Creek, the location mentioned above, adjacent to Edward Daniel and George Carrington. Edward Daniel had bought land in 1748 in Goochland County from
John Witch of Henrico County. George Carrington was referred to above as a witness in 1746, along with Paul Carrington, to a deed in which Ann Mayo sold land to Peter Jefferson and Hutchins Burton. Again, as already noted, Paul Carrington was involved in the 1768 John Fips estate. Also in 1751, Peter Fontaine, Jr., the surveyor associated with John Fips of the 1768 estate, was advertising in the Virginia Gazette that he would be surveying in the Lunenburg County area. The same year, in the same paper, John Witch advertised that he had “taken up” a mare and colt in Cumberland County, and that they could be claimed at his home “near Willis’s Creek,” the creek referred to above. This was in accordance with an order he had received from George Carrington.
- 1751: John Phelps witnessed a deed in Lunenburg County from John Price of Lunenburg to John Payne of Goochland County. We’ve referred to the Payne name above, as well as in past posts. In past posts, we’ve noted an apparent connection between a Lewellyn Phipps who is supposed to have married a Cook (which was, at least some of the time, a variant form of the Cocke name we’ve noted on various occasions). She was supposedly a daughter of a woman whose maiden name was Clary Payne. Referring to the Cook name, in 1767, John Phips of Charlotte County, Virginia sold land on the Pigg River in Halifax County, Virginia to William Cook. Halifax County, Virginia is the county where George Reeves had Epps relatives, and prior to 1800, George Reeves and his son in law Samuel Phips were both living in Wilkes County, North Carolina. In 1786, Matthew Fips of Wilkes County, North Carolina lost land to Thomas Cook. In 1822, Elizabeth (Fips) Witcher, daughter of John Fips of the 1768 estate, sued David Cook. The ancestry of this Lewellyn Phipps appears to be a source of contention, with strong opinions about who he was and where he came from.
- 1751: Thomas Phelps wrote a will in 1751 in Albemarle County, Virginia. He refers to himself as weak in body and mentions his wife Elizabeth. He also referred to his sons Thomas and John and his daughter Mary “Patteson” (as transcribed). This was likely Patterson, since a 1759 deed involving Thomas Phelps, presumably the son, refers to persons named Patteson and Pattison, but involving land next to “Patterson.” In his 1751 will, Thomas Phelps, Jr. was given 300 acres on both sides of Bridle Creek, adjoining land he already owned. His brother John was to receive the plantation where their father was then living, along with “the island I now tend in.” John would also get 300 acres on both sides of Huny’s Creek adjacent to Nicholas (the name discussed above).
- 1752: Another Payne record comes into the picture in 1752, as Josiah Payne sold land in Cumberland County to Samuel Phelps of the same county. This was witnessed by a Terry (James Terry), as in Champness Terry who comes up in a case associated with the 1768 John Fips estate.
- 1752: Something else which occurred in 1752 was that a John Phelps was born on 20 June 1752 in Cumberland County, according to his Revolutionary War pension application file. When the war broke out, he and his father were living in Buckingham County. John had a sister Nancy Webb. An unidentified Nicholas Phelps is mentioned in the same file.
- 1752: William Stone sold land in 1752 in Cumberland County to William Phelps. A witness was James Woodson. We’ve already discussed the Woodson name, and it will come up again.
- 1753: Thomas Phelps, Jr. received a land grant or patent 12 January 1753 for 332 acres in Brunswick County. This is said to be now near the county line between Bedford and Campbell Counties. The land was on the south side of the Otter River.
- 1753: John “Darracourt” is said to have sued Samuel and William Phelps in Cumberland County, Virginia in 1753, but the case was dismissed. Later the same year, Samuel and William Phelps of Cumberland County sold land there, on branches of “Willises River” and on Flemings Creek. This was adjacent to a Payne and a Wilkins (names discussed above), and the land had been granted to John Phelps, deceased, and that land had been willed to Samuel and William. John Darracourt would appear to be the man elsewhere referred to as John Darracott, who appears to have PERHAPS been related to the Bacon family which comes into play with in the form of Langston Bacon associated with the 1768 John Fips estate.
- 1753: Richard Phipps, as spelled, was added to the list of tithables in Cumberland County. This may have been the Richard Phips, mentioned above, who was bound out in 1750 as an orphan of Lewis Phips.
- 1754: John Witch of Cumberland County, presumably the person already discussed, sold land on “Willeses” Creek, the creek already mentioned, to William Bolling of Cumberland County in 1754. Edward Daniel and George Carrington were adjoining land owners, as previously mentioned. This land included a house and plantation. William Bolling bought the land, then leased the same to John Witch for 99 years, or as long as he and his wife Mary would still be living. They were to pay a yearly rent consisting of one ear of Indian corn. The lease was witnessed by George Carrington and Edward Daniel.
- 1754: Thomas Phelps sold land in Lunenburg County, Virginia on 2 April 1754 to John Anthony. Thomas Phelps was of Albemarle County, and John Anthony was a gentleman of Lunenburg County. The land involved was 342 acres on the south side of the Otter River as granted to Phelps 12 January 1753. The Anthony name surfaces later in Surry County, North Carolina, the location referred to above, with a George Phips marrying Keziah Anthony.
- 1754-1758: A somewhat unclear online post seems to show a William Phelps in Bedford County, Virginia during the period 1754 to 1758. Records refer to a case of William Phelps v. William Harris, which was dismissed, Phelps v. Oglesby, and Phelps v. Payne. We’ve discussed the Harris and Payne names above, and Oglesby will be discussed below.
- 1755: Josiah Phelps was born on 11 February 1755 in Buckingham County, Virginia, according to his Revolutionary War pension application file. Buckingham County was formed in 1761 from part of Albemarle County, and Albemarle had been formed in 1744 from part of Goochland County. As noted above, Buckingham County is where John Phelps, born in Cumberland County in 1752, was living with his father when the Revolutionary War broke out.
- 1755: Samuel Phelps of Cumberland County sold land there in 1755 to John Pleasants of Henrico County. The latter is the same name which has been associated with the Burtons, as discussed above. The deed mentions that the land had been willed to Samuel by his father John “Felps,” deceased. The Woodson name again comes into play, with a Jacob Woodson witnessing the deed. Elizabeth Phelps released dower rights. The land was adjacent to land owned by John Pleasants and by William Phelps. Another witness was Littlebury Mosby. Another Mosby, Cary Mosby, married Susanna Phipps of Brunswick County, who was a daughter of Benjamin Phipps. Littlebury Mosby supposedly married a Netherland, which is a name mentioned below.
- 1755: Edward Daniel of Albemarle County, presumably the one mentioned above, sold land in Cumberland County to Francis Amoss of Cumberland Creek. This was on branches of, again, “Willisses” Creek. The land was adjacent to William “Bolding,” probably the same name as Bolling, and the deed was witnessed by John Witch, who was discussed above. On the same date in the same county, Samuel Phelps of Cumberland County sold land there to Richard Bandy. Phelps had earlier purchased the land from Josiah Payne. Again, Elizabeth Phelps released her dower rights. Then 2 days later in the same county, Margaret Phelps, widow of John Phelps, deceased, of Cumberland County, released and quitted claim to William Phelps. William was called a planter and a son of John and Margaret Phelps, John being deceased. Then 3 days later, William Phelps, referred to as a Cumberland County planter, sold land to John Carlyle, referred to as a Goochland County merchant. This was the same land and plantation where John Phelps, deceased, father of William, lived when he wrote his will. Then later the same year in Cumberland County, an “indenture of testament” was written from William Phelps, planter, to John “Carlyl,” Goochland County merchant. Witnesses were Mary Netherland and Wade Netherland, with the Netherland name having been referred to above.
- 1755: Also the same year, William Phipps was bound out by his mother “Tibitha” Phipps in Cumberland County. He was presumably related to Richard Phips, mentioned above, who 5 years earlier was bound out as an orphan of Lewis Phips. Then when Richard became a tithable, his name was spelled “Phipps.”
- 1755: Also the same year, and again in Cumberland County, Susannah Fips witnessed the will of Sanburn (Sanborn) Woodson. We’ve discussed the Woodson name multiple times above. Another Woodson, who was from Goochland County, gave security. Note that unless it was an amazing coincidence, the Woodson family appears to link the “Phelps” and the “Fips” etc. families in Cumberland County.
- 1756: Sarah Phelps, wife of William, relinquished her dower rights in 1756 in Cumberland County to the land which William had sold to John Carlyle.
- 1756: Several Virginia land grants or patents to persons named Phelps appear, all dated 16 August 1756. Thomas Phelps received land in Albemarle County which is said to now be in Appomattox County. William Phelps received land in Albemarle County but said to be today in Buckingham County. William Phelps received land in Albemarle County said to be today in Appomattox County. Both James and William Phelps received land in Albemarle County, said to be today in Appomattox County, on the western fork of Wreck Island Creek, which was mentioned earlier. James and William Phelps both received land in Albemarle County, said to be now in Appomattox County, again on branches of Wreck Island Creek.
- 1757: William Phelps appears in the Bedford County, Virginia court order book as present on 29 March 1757 along with Matthew Talbot and others. This was presumably the same Matthew Talbot who was closely associated with John Phelps in Lunenburg County. Bedford County was formed in 1753 from Lunenburg.
- 1757: In a Bedford County, Virginia title bond, William Harris and his wife Ann were bound to William Phelps for £500. Here is another Harris reference.
- 1757: Also in 1757 in Bedford County, an abstract is a bit confusing, but it appears that William Harris and his wife Ann, along with William Phelps, must have sold land in Bedford County to John Payne of Goochland County.
- 1758: William Phelps supposedly served in the French & Indian War from Bedford County, or was paid for the same, in 1758.
- 1759: An abstract is not completely clear, but evidently Thomas Phelps sold land to Thomas Turpin in Albemarle County. Thomas Turpin was an adjacent land owner when Thomas Phelps received the Albemarle County grant or patent dated 16 August 1746.
- 1759: About 1759, according to the Revolutionary War pension application file of Nicholas Phelps, that individual was born. Later, when he entered the service, he was living on the James River in Buckingham County. He had an older brother named James Phelps, according to the same file.
- 1759: In Bedford County in 1759 (Bedford was formed from Lunenburg in 1753), Thomas Yuille, a Chesterfield County merchant, sued John Phelps. John had been buying large quantities of merchandise from Yuille, evidently for resell. Yuille trusted Phelps and kept extending credit until judgement day finally arrived. Phelps assured Yuille that he would repay him, and mortgaged evidently everything – his land, home, livestock – to Yuille. Included was land in Brunswick County and in Warwick County (between Jamestown and the Norfolk/Hampton Roads area). Phelps made a few token payments, then was accused by Yuille of losing interest in repaying. Each time Yuille would ask Phelps about it, Phelps had a different excuse or would try to deny that any such agreement had ever been made. Yuille took the matter to chancery court.
- 1760: William Phelps of Cumberland Parish in Lunenburg County sold land in Lunenburg County to John Jeffries of Lunenburg in 1760. This was witnessed by a Jones and a Coleman. The Jones name, although common, has surfaced unusually often in connection with the Phips, Phipps, etc. family. The Coleman name was directly connected with the estate of Frederick Ford in Amelia County, Virginia, whose will was witnessed by John Phipps and Tabitha Phipps, as discussed in previous posts. There were other Coleman connections, such as the Amelia County deed from Solomon Coleman to John Phipps which John acknowledged in court in 1785.
- 1760: In Cumberland County on 26 August 1760, the sheriff noted that he could not obtain scire facias against Samuel Phelps, since Phelps was no longer in the sheriff’s bailiwick.
- 1761: Tabitha Fiphs surfaces on 29 December 1761 in Southam Parish records in Cumberland County. There she is mentioned as a poor person. Could there be any connection to Tabitha Phipps noted above in 1760? And was this the “Tibitha” Phipps who bound her son William out in Cumberland County in 1755?
- 1762: Thomas Phelps received a land grant or patent in Albemarle County, said to be present-day Appomattox County, on 25 March 1762. This was on branches of Wreck Island Creek, the creek referred to above, and Bridle (or Bent) Creek, adjoining James and William Phelps.
- 1762: Again in Southam Parish in Cumberland County, Tabitha was mentioned as a poor person, but this time as Tabitha Phips.
- 1763: Patrick Corner of Buckingham County sold land in Cumberland County, Virginia in 1763 to Samuel Phelps of Cumberland. This was a 143-acre plantation on the Appomattox River. The deed was witnessed by a Walker, a Terry, and a Woodson, all names discussed above.
- 1764: John Phelps, Jr. of Cumberland County bought land in 1764 which was adjacent to John Woodson (the Woodson name again).
- 1765: John Phelps of Cumberland County, with his wife Anna, sold land ajoining John Woodson.
- 1768: In an online abstract which could be clearer, it would seem that land was surveyed in Buckingham County (the location discussed above), with a description referring to “William Phelps new lines” and referring to a survey for Phelps, described as a mulatto.
- 1768: A land grant or patent was issued to Thomas Phelps on 20 September 1768 for 200 acres in Albemarle County, said to be today in Appomattox County. This was on south branches of Bridle Creek, otherwise noted as Bent Creek, as referred to above.
- 1770: James Phelps sued Thomas Oglesby in chancery court in Bedford County in 1770. We referred to the Phelps v. Oglesby case, apparently involving William Phelps, during the period 1754-1758, above. In the 1770 chancery case, the father of James Phelps is referred to as William Phelps, deceased. Claims were made that William Phelps, before he died, had said that he was leaving land to James Phelps which Oglesby had now claimed. The Oglesby name, by the way, comes into play again in 1850, in Elbert County, Georgia, the location discussed above. According to the chancery case, again William Phelps fathered James. The father of William is also identified as Thomas Phelps. The elder Thomas had at least 2 sons, according to the chancery case. These were William Phelps and Thomas Phelps, Jr. The sons of William are then identified as William and James. The will in question appears to have been written in Albemarle County, although there are holes in the paper at this point. The Mayo name, as discussed above, appears again, but only insofar as William Phelps had plans to have the land in question surveyed by Col. Mayo, the Goochland County surveyor. Perhaps, though, this suggests the possibility of yet another surveyor connection through the family of William and Ann Mayo, discussed above. Interestingly and perhaps highly significantly, one document in this chancery case file refers to James Phelps not as Phelps, but rather as James Phips.
- 1770: A deed in Bute County, North Carolina involved Douglass Wilkins and Edmund/Edmund Wilkins (discussed above) with Joseph and Sarah Fipps. All 4 were from Brunswick County, Virginia.
- 1770: Nathaniel Jones (the Jones name was discussed above) sold land in Sussex County in 1770 to William “Felphs (Phelps?),” as abstracted, with the deed witnessed by William Myrick. Later, in 1790 in Brunswick County, Joseph Phipps witnessed a 1790 Brunswick County deed to Owen Myrick.
- 1771: William Phelps received another land grant or patent in Albemarle County on 16 March 1771, said to be now in Appomattox County. This adjoined land he already owned.
- 1771: A newspaper ad referred to the sale of land from the Pittsylvania County estate of Robert Jones, who had recently died. We’ve noted the Jones name above, and Pittsylvania County was another county directly associated with the 1768 John Fips estate. The land, according to the ad, was adjacent to land owned by Benjamin Terry and John Phelps. Champness Terry was mentioned above in connection with the 1768 John Fips estate. The ad also referred to land available at the same time which belonged to John Phelps. This was 64 acres in Charlotte County on Twitty’s Creek. Anyone interested was to contact Paul Carrington in Charlotte County. Is there any possibility that this John Phelps could have been the same John Fips whose 1768 estate was settled, in part, by evidently this same Paul Carrington? Was this a part of Paul Carrington attempting to settle that estate? Later the same month, Champness Terry placed another newspaper ad, dated 14 January 1771 in Pittsylvania County. The ad read, “I intend to leave the Colony in February next.” This is the person involved in a suit pertaining to the 1768 John Fips estate.
- 1771: The names Phelps and Fipps both appeared in Buckingham County in 1771. William Phelps sued John Kincaid, but the suit was dismissed. Richard Fipps placed a newspaper ad saying he had “taken up” a mare which could be claimed. Could this have been the Richard who was mentioned above as being earlier in Cumberland County? Buckingham was created in 1761 from part of Albemarle County. Albemarle was created in 1744 from part of Goochland County. Cumberland County was formed in 1749, also from Goochland County.
- 1771: Also in 1771 in Buckingham County, land was surveyed for William Phelps, referred to as a mulatto. This was on branches of Wreck Island Creek, the location referred to above.
- 1771: A Cumberland County deed in 1771 was from members of the Bolling family (discussed above) to Joseph Carrington (the Carringtons are discussed above). This pertained to land on “Willises” Creek (discussed above) which Bolling had bought from John Witch (discussed above) in 1754. The land adjoined George Carrington and Joseph Carrington. Paul Carrington, as noted earlier, was directly involved in the 1768 John Fips estate. One of the sellers of the land was Ann Amos, described as widow of William Bolling and mother of Thomas Bolling. Earlier, in 1755, Edward Daniel sold land in Cumberland County to Francis Amoss of that county on branches of “Willises” Creek adjoining William “Bolding” (Bolling), with the deed witnessed by John Witch.
- 1773: John Phillips left a will in Halifax County, Virginia. He appears to have been associated with the Matthew Marable who was sued by Tabitha Fips of the 1768 John Fips estate in Lunenburg County in 1770. A Rawlins is mentioned in the will, presumably a variant form of Rawlings or Rollings or Rawlings which was associated with the Fips or Phipps family in the Albemarle Parish and Lunenburg County areas. There were other connections as well, as noted in an earlier post.
The following could go on forever, and lots more such events could be added to the above. Was the Phelps or Felps family the same as the Fips, Phipps, Phips, Fipps, etc. family? Was Phillips an acceptable form of Phipps? As noted above, at one point in a 1770 chancery case file, a man referred to throughout the file as James Phelps was referred to in just one document in the file – one time – as James Phips. Was this just a clerk error, or did Phips equal Phelps?