Who Was Capt. McFipps?

A pdf file from the South Carolina Electronic Records Archives is a transcription of the Book of Negroes, and is headed “Inspection Roll of Negroes.” The heading says this was taken onboard several ships, as listed, on 30 November 1783. These ships were at Staten Island and were on their way to Nova Scotia.

On page 3 appears a reference to a certain James Tucker, listed as with the Royal Artillery Department. He was 55 years old, and said to be “almost worn out.” Tucker had been a slave of Capt. McFipps in Norfolk. The entry says that he was left with Lord Dunmore in 1776.

This was onboard the Danger, which was bound for Port Mouton in Nova Scotia. The ship’s master was James Duncan.

The Black Loyalists website refers to this same James Tucker (here, at page 70) and says that he “joined up” with Lord Dunmore. Here it is added that he was stationed behind British lines within the Royal Artillery Department. Tucker is also discussed in the “Evacuation of New York” page in the same site.

Who, then, was McFipps? No similar name seems to appear in the index to the Virginia Index, although there are, of course references to Capt. Phips, Capt. Phipp, and Capt. Phipps.


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